Software Development Best Practices

Top Five Software Development Best Practices You Should Know

Is there such a thing as a “perfect software development project,” and if so, what measures should you take to get there? Well, there are stringent standards and various best practices for software development, including scrum, extreme programming, spiral development, etc. Still, we have learned that it’s not always practical or advisable to adhere to these procedures rigidly.

It does not mean that we do not try to apply these techniques well; we must remain flexible. As part of this versatility, we should consider the general structures that ensure the success of a project, as well as how consistency and coherence may increase your chances of reaching the “perfect.” There isn’t a “rulebook” on the perfect software development project elements. So, we compiled a list of some of our tried and tested best practices that help Treinetic’s software development projects go more smoothly.

Before that, you must also consider the following symptoms of software development issues. And this is critical whether you are a startup or have a small development team and are unsure if you are on the right track.

  • Software of poor quality
  • Inadequate knowledge of end-user requirements
  • Inability to adapt to changing conditions
  • Unacceptable software performance
  • Software that is difficult to update or expand
  • Serious project problems get discovered late in the process

If you notice any of these symptoms, you must act quickly.

Top 5 Best Practices in Software Development

The tips we are giving you now have the potential to make a significant change. In the meantime, we advise you to keep the following important inaccuracies in mind at all times and do your best to avoid them:

  • Ambiguous communication
  • Inadequate requirement management
  • Inconsistencies between requirements, designs, and implementations that go undetected
  • Frail architecture
  • Overwhelming complications
  • Inadequate testing

So, here are the top five best practices for world-class software development that you must know.

1 Employ the Proper Software Development Process

A well-organized software development process is essential for every project. And this is also termed the software development life cycle (SDLC), necessitates data-driven methods. It’s a comprehensive flowchart split into phases. Each state has its own set of objectives and action items, which is true for software engineering initiatives.

SDLC will assist your team and customers in setting appropriate expectations. This plan also guarantees that your methods are in line with the overall goals. Make it a point to highlight the importance of each job to your team members.

Choosing the best software development method is dependent on your particular needs, customer expectations, specifications, and timeline. And here is one of the most helpful SDLCs for software development: Agile Development.

Agile development, as the name suggests, is excellent for dynamic and fast-paced settings, and it offers the following benefits:

  • To accomplish your objectives, you will need several teams working together in this process. These coordinated efforts by various teams allow the company to identify issues and simplify the process rapidly.
  • Large company developers that operate in a fast-paced and demanding setting adopt this technique.

Apple, Microsoft, and IBM are examples of businesses that utilize the Agile methodology. So, if you have a big company with projects that need flexibility and quick answers in a short period, the agile approach is right for you.

Agile for Software Development
The Agile Approach is Ideal for Dynamic and Fast-Phase Settings

2. Maintain Code Simplicity

Our second piece of advice is one of the most effective coding techniques you can use. That is, “keep your code simple.” The code simplification trend complements other software concepts such as DRY (Don’t Repeat Yourself), presented in the book The Pragmatic Programmer.

  • For starters, a program with a simple code makes it easier to keep your other programs simple. And this will help you retain coherence as you advance in your growth. Because a complicated code is like a row of dominoes, one incorrect input may create chaos.
  • Second, a simple code will allow it to be easily modified. Code changes and modifications are typical while developing software. So, keeping your code simple is a kind of self-care.

How can you tell whether your code is simple? There are three basic work tests you may do to determine if your code is simple and clear:

  • Your code is straightforward to test and debug
  • Your code is considerably longer than the comments you’ve used to describe it
  • Only one domain of your code has logic boundaries

3. Continue Documenting Your Progress

This is one of the most often ignored software development best practices. Documentation is one of the many tasks you should have done when working on the project. Your paperwork will serve as a reminder of your core principles and objectives. And this will also keep you in touch with your customers’ requirements. Besides, you should also document your code.

The best practices are the ones that are the most time-consuming but will provide the greatest advantages in the long term. We understand that documenting your code is time-consuming, but it will help you solve one of the numerous issues that may arise in your software project.

4. Maintain consistency across all teams

It’s crucial to maintain a uniform style guide for your codebase within the team. There is no consistency amongst writers if you have a codebase to identify who authored which file. There are many tools available to help you maintain a consistent style; here are three of our favorites:

  • JSCS (Javascript Style Checker) is a JavaScript linter with an attractive format
  • ESLint is a highly customizable linter that has gained a lot of traction in the community
  • Editorconfig is a tool for ensuring uniformity across the many editors and IDEs that your developers use

5. Be realistic in your budget and time estimates

This is one of the most important software development best practices to remember. A sound budget prevents your software projects from becoming overburdened. And this allows the scope to stretch more readily as the project proceeds using agile techniques, but a wrong estimate may create quality, morale, and production issues.

Estimation may be difficult since it’s difficult to strike a good medium between being accurate and playing wrong when there are many uncertainties. You may be confident that improved estimating comes with experience, and there are many tools available to help with software development project code estimates.

Software Development Best Practices - Realistic Goals
Set Realistic Timeframes and Budgets When Developing Software

We Always Adhere to Software Development Best Practices 

Treinetic creates intelligent, cost-effective, and user-friendly web applications, mobile applications, and cloud systems. Our award-winning solutions also assist customers in streamlining business operations and generating new income sources for both startups and large businesses.

Because of adhering to industry-level standards, we can stay on track all of the time. Our customers are always satisfied with what we provide since the product quality is always satisfactory. We constantly use the most up-to-date technology in our work and strive to improve conception from the customer’s point of view. Please get in touch with our team for more information on our solutions.

UX design principles

The Must-Know 7 UX Design Principles for Product Engineering

We’ll go through the seven essential UX design principles and explain to you how to put them into practice here. As you begin to delve into the realm of app and web designs, you’ll soon come across the idea of User Experience (UX). UX design may have begun with Donald Norman’s The Design of Everyday Things in 1988.

Norman, who was Apple’s chief designer, utilized the book to highlight the complexities of designing things that are frequently ignored. UX design has evolved and altered since then, and it is currently the dominant method of thinking about user-led design.

Despite its prominence, the fundamental concepts of UX design are still poorly understood by many designers. In reality, there is an ongoing dispute over how to define the word. Many designers have a hazy idea that UX design is concerned with the user. But putting this concept into reality may be a bit more difficult.

What are Design Principles? 

Design principles are broadly applicable laws, standards, inclinations, and design concerns to which designers apply discretion. Professionals from various fields, including physics, behavioral science, sociology, and ergonomics, laid the groundwork for design principles via their cumulative knowledge and expertise.

User experience (UX) design is critical for reducing cognitive burdens and decision-making time for users. According to the authors of the seminal book Universal Principles of Design, core principles should assist designers in finding methods to enhance usability, impact perception, boost appeal, educate people, and make successful design decisions in projects. To successfully use design principles, you must first understand your users’ problems. Also, you must clearly understand how they would accept your solutions. 

UX Design Principles - psychological aspects
UX Design Should Consider Human Factors as Well

What is the significance of these Principles?

The process through which design teams create meaningful and relevant experiences for consumers is known as user experience (UX) design. And this entails planning the whole acquisition and integration process, including usability, branding, design, and function. When you utilize a big company’s app or one of its products, you will come across UX design concepts. UX is also responsible for making an app or website simple and pleasant to use.

The 7 Most Important UX Design Principles for Successful Product Engineering

1. Emphasize on the user

The essential concept in UX design is “focus on the user,” which underlies all of the other ideas we’ll be covering in this post. This concept is important for UX design since it addresses a frequent problem in apps and website designs. As designers gain proficiency in dealing with sophisticated design frameworks, they may create products that are more focused on impressing other designers than delivering a wonderful experience to real-world consumers.

The most practical application of this concept to designers will be determined by the organization’s kind and size for which you work. Working closely with your UX researchers is essential if you have the luxury of a specialized UX research team. You may need to create your own user feedback methods. Whatever method you choose, user-centric design implies a continuous design and feedback process, where one process informs the other.

2. Consistency

Consistency is a more specific concept of UX design that is essential when it comes to creating a successful product. At the most basic level, consistency implies that your designs and functionality remain consistent across all of your products. However, it’s also essential to note that many of the most popular and successful apps and websites utilize similar user interface patterns, whether in the positioning of buttons or how menu systems “flow.”

3. Hierarchy

Another overlooked fundamental concept of UX design is the hierarchy. A hierarchical approach to design, at its most basic, is considering all of the functionality and data that your product will include and then translating this into a tree-like framework in which each element of your product flows “naturally” from the last. If properly executed, the pages of your app or website will flow so smoothly from one another that your hierarchy will be almost invisible.

4. The importance of context

One of the main insights given by the UX design method is that context is a critical factor in how people engage with your products. In this sense, the context implies paying attention to which devices will be utilized to visit your app or website, with a specific focus on the fact that mobile surfing is currently the main type of online traffic.

Contextual design entails paying attention to a variety of different variables. Your design may function well while you are sitting in a nice, quiet office, but your users may engage with your design in a different context: in their workplace, but also on their lunch break or in a loud club.

5. Give the user complete control

Another one of the most important UX design principles is putting the user in charge. A decade ago, there was widespread hesitation to offer consumers a high degree of control over the online sites and apps they used for fear of breaking them. One of the most important conclusions of two decades of UX research is that providing the user with more power leads to a better experience.

And this is not to suggest that you should give your users full access to your app or website. Too much information may be overwhelming for novice visitors. And your product should remain simple to use regardless of how many sophisticated features you provide.

UX Design Principle - a meaningful user experience
The User Always Comes First in UX Design

6. Accessibility

Making your designs accessible involves making them usable by everyone, including individuals with impairments. Including accessibility in your design process is essential for at least two reasons: 1) It will offer a positive experience for your users; 2) Numerous laws compel you to provide equal access.

7. Testing for usability

The ultimate UX design concept is closely related to the previous one we discussed. Implementing a user-centric design approach entails engaging your users early in the design process, but your involvement with them should go much further. To guarantee that your products are usable by your customers, you must have a continual, rigorous usability testing methodology.

Instead, design is an iterative procedure in which you continuously strive to learn how people interact with your products and use this knowledge to enhance them. And this is especially essential for expanding businesses, whose apps or websites may rapidly become inoperable. They offer new functionality and, as they have additional content, their designs may rapidly suffer from sluggish performance.

You Can Have a Great UX Design with Us

After going through the UX design principles listed above, you’ll see that most of them stem from the first UX design concept: focusing on the user.

Assume that UX design can be confined to a single concept. In that case, it is as this. Product development should be viewed as an iterative design process in which user feedback is constantly incorporated. As a result, designers should strive for as much interaction with their consumers as possible and keep in mind that even the most beautiful design in the world is useless if your customers can’t use it.

We can assist you if you require expert UX designers to meet your customers’ needs. Treinetic has UX designers who have years of expertise working with both local and international customers. Please get in touch with us right away if you need any more information.

Software-Development

Things You Should Know Before Starting Software Outsourcing

Why is software outsourcing essential today? Well, in-house software development is excellent since it helps businesses to create and deliver the precise solution they need. But as history has shown, software development takes time, skill, and a sizable budget. In most cases, one of these aspects creates a blocking barrier for in-house initiatives. 

Fortunately, software development outsourcing is a service that may help you achieve your goal within a short timeline and on a limited budget.

How Does Outsourcing Work?

Software development outsourcing refers to an arrangement in which a company hires an outsourced software development firm. And the outsourced development firm completes all or delegated tasks of a software development project more effectively. In other words, the customer company hands over control of a development project to a third-party vendor. And the vendor is more competent in performing the necessary development tasks.

Software application development was the most frequently outsourced IT function, as per 64 percent of those surveyed in Statista’s research on “IT functions outsourced globally 2017,” which polled CIOs worldwide. Indeed, software outsourcing is a significant factor in the worldwide IT outsourcing industry’s ongoing expansion.

As a result of these high figures, the demand for software outsourcing will continue to grow as businesses seek to digitize and optimize their business operations as part of their digital transformation.

What Is the Importance of Software Outsourcing?

Outsourcing is cost-effective, and offshore software outsourcing, in particular, helps reduce development costs. And this leads to reduced market pricing and more competitiveness. According to a recent study, businesses have begun to turn to software outsourcing to accomplish a range of business goals beyond cost savings in recent years.

IT decision-makers and company owners are increasingly using outsourcing to make their organizations simpler and more efficient. Companies that delegate can concentrate on their critical aspects, keeping their long-term strategic goals on track.

Outsourcing Services for Software Development

Web and mobile application development are well-known outsourcing services. And we can compare this to other advanced and innovative technologies like Cloud computing, AI, and Robotic Process Automation. These sectors are gaining traction in the industry and are predicted to impact the future significantly.

Moreover, many software outsourcing vendors present a promising portfolio of services that adapt to customers’ businesses. And they fulfill a wide range of their specific business requirements at any stage of their initiatives and throughout the development cycle.

With software outsourcing, services are provided through remote operation models. And this allows customers and businesses to collaborate with top IT professionals from across the globe committed to their projects.

What are the Different Software Outsourcing Models?

Businesses may outsource their software projects to vendors worldwide in many ways, with development centers located onshore, offshore, or near-shore. Let’s have a look at the specifics:

1) Onshore Software Outsourcing

Onshore outsourcing is the practice of client businesses collaborating with software development teams based in the same country. Onshore outsourcing has the benefit of essentially eliminating language barriers, making communication more manageable. As a result, outsourcing is more successful. But customers may have to pay extra for development expenses as a result.

2) Offshore Software Outsourcing

Working with development teams in other countries is referred to as offshore outsourcing. And because of affordable labor costs and online communication methods (e.g., email, VoIP phones, Zoom video conferencing, etc.), this is the most cost-effective alternative for managing software projects remotely.

3) Nearshore Software Outsourcing: 

Nearshore outsourcing firms serve customers in neighboring countries.

Software outsource models
Choose the Right Outsourcing Model Wisely

The Benefits of Outsourcing Software Development

In general, outsourcing software development allows businesses to:

  • Solve the problems of lowering overhead costs
  • Quickly assembling a remote tech team
  • Shortening the time it takes for a product to reach the market 

The following are some of the appealing advantages of outsourcing software development:

1) Cut development costs and save money on overhead

Customer companies outsource development projects for various reasons, the most frequent of which is to save money on development expenses. They may develop and scale their businesses efficiently and keep up with market demand by sticking to a budget and keeping to it. Consequently, the top advantage of outsourcing software development for companies is cost savings.

Furthermore, by outsourcing work to a third party, businesses may save money on labor expenses, including leave, insurance, and training, while paying outsourced teams at a reasonable rate.

2) Flexibility

Customers may work with software outsourcing firms just when and if they need it. There is no legal need to maintain a long-term contract, unlike permanent employment. And this allows clients the option to pay only for the outsourced project work. And this is particularly beneficial when compared to employing full-time in-house developers all year, whose knowledge may not be required as much once the project is over.

Moreover, cloud computing technology has made it simpler than ever for individuals to work from home or any place at any time. And this paves the way for remote work to become the norm. Human-machine interaction, rather than micro-human management, is becoming more significant in remote offshore work.

3) Increase Profits with a Targeted Strategy

Partnering with a remote development team offers new possibilities as businesses are exposed to various new, evolving, and revolutionary technologies. Examples of such advanced technologies are blockchain, AI, and others, which may help transmit knowledge and best practices to internal teams successfully.

Clients may quickly access a pool of IT expertise on a broad scale. And this allows them to complete projects more effectively while focusing on their core strengths. Suppose the client company is not in the IT sector. In that case, this provides substantial advantages since it enables workers to invest more time in other revenue-generating activities, such as sales and marketing. And this results in increased business growth and productivity.

4) Shortening product development time and decreasing time to market

There is no need for additional time spent on training and onboarding since the outsourced workforce is already skilled. Also, the outsourced team is well-versed in the technologies and tools needed for the development process. So, clients can save a considerable amount of time and speed up the development process. And this is particularly useful in the setting of big companies. The decision-making and approval process may take much longer than usual in multinational company processes.

The Drawbacks of Software Outsourcing

Outsourcing may fail to meet quality requirements, create language/cultural barriers, and pose security concerns. But you can surely avoid these drawbacks by hiring a reputable software development firm with extensive expertise in the field

How can you successfully outsource software development?

When it comes to software outsourcing, a variety of factors affect the probability of success. Among these, there are a few things that businesses should bear in mind, including:

  • Establish explicit outsourcing objectives
  • Participate in project management and work with virtual teams
  • Keep your expectations realistic
  • To give feedback, set goals, and monitor progress regularly

Remarkable Example of Successful Software Outsourcing

The corporations listed below are some of the most successful outsourcing case studies. Please look at how they use remote teams to expand their companies and outpace rivals in the worldwide market.

WhatsApp: The most popular messaging app, which outranks Facebook Messenger with 1.3 billion users and WeChat with 1.1 billion, outsourced its core development, particularly iOS development.

Skype: Did you know that the creators of Skype outsourced the platform’s back-end development to Estonian experts in 2003? These experts are accountable for everything we know and enjoy today.

Alibaba: When businesses began to utilize websites for customer interaction, Jack Ma founded this Chinese global eCommerce technology company in 1999. The company hired American developers to build a website that would appeal to domestic and foreign consumers, primarily English-speaking nations.

WhatsApp outsource software development
Even the Tech Giants Like WhatsApp Outsource Software Development

Why Choose Treinetic for Software Outsourcing?

Treinetic is an award-winning software product engineering company with extensive software development expertise. Our team is committed to delivering best-in-class software outsourcing services for a wide range of customer requirements. And we aim to produce the finest and highest value to our customers through our service outsourcing array of services.
We aim to assist you in determining how beneficial software outsourcing can be for your company and how we can help you get there. Please use the Contact Form to get in touch with us right away.

Treinetic Team

6 Tips on How to Build Your Best Offshore Development Team

We’ll look at what offshoring is, the benefits, and the things to consider when employing an offshore team in this post. Working with offshore teams has become commonplace in the technology industry. Consider the following scenario: you have a massive app development project that your in-house team cannot complete due to a lack of resources. 

It is possible to give further training to your in-house team or hire additional development experts. But the choice is expensive and time-consuming, especially if you are a startup with limited funds. On the other hand, you may opt to go offshore and complete your project on time and at a lower price. But the result will be much better. 

Although cost is a primary factor in choosing offshore outsourcing, it is not always the most important.

What Does it Mean to Have an Offshore Team?

Offshoring and outsourcing are sometimes used interchangeably. But the concepts have different implications. Outsourcing is a business technique in which a third party performs particular company activities under contract terms. On the other hand, offshoring involves a firm delegating in-house tasks to contractors in another country. And you have full control of the business operations and often treat the offshore team as one of its divisions.

Due to skills shortages, the IT industry is one of the biggest consumers of offshore services. Because they outsource parts of their operations, such as customer service and app development, to other countries, some of the world’s biggest technology firms, such as IBM, Microsoft, and Apple, are among the top offshore users.

Outsourcing accounts for 10% of all the business activities of most average IT firms in America, as per the Computer Economics study. App development services are among the most commonly outsourced IT functions, according to the study. Furthermore, 40% of the businesses surveyed said they chose to continue sourcing and to hire offshore staff to grow their outsourcing portfolio.

Microsoft relies on offshore teams
The Tech Giant Microsoft Corporation Heavily Relies on Offshore Teams

Why Do Companies Hire Offshore Software & App Development Teams?

1) Bridge the Skills Gap

For many years, the technology industry has faced a persistent lack of skilled IT workers worldwide. As a result, finding competent software developers is very difficult for small and medium-sized ICT firms.

Furthermore, the demand for developers with extensive expertise in several programming languages such as Ruby, Java, JavaScript, Python, XML, PHP, and Perl continues to be high, pushing the wages of many smaller companies out of reach.

2) Focus on the Most Important Business Aspects

Small-scale IT firms and businesses have fewer resources and in-house personnel to develop online platforms. And this impacts their auxiliary activities. But working with an offshore service provider allows you to concentrate on essential company operations such as planning, managing, and achieving your objectives.

3) Reduced Capital Expenses:

Hiring a service provider saves a lot of money and provides the company with greater operational capital. The firm may concentrate more on core business operations and engage in other capital-related projects using the newly generated cash. So, the company generates more money and profits, enabling it to expand.

What are the key tips for establishing a successful offshore team? Let’s look into that now, as we’ve looked at the advantages of offshoring.

We’ve compiled a list of six important takeaways to assist you in putting together a productive offshore team.

6 Tips for Putting Together a Successful Offshore Team

1) Promote Strong Communication Skills

Communication skills are one of the most important factors to consider while forming an offshore team. And this is because you do not have the luxury of wandering through the office to speak with specific team members.

When putting together your offshore team, ensure that everyone has good communication skills and can comprehend English nuances. Companies must emphasize English since it is the global business language and allows you to take your time during interviews and practical tests. It also makes communication easier throughout the process.

2) Define Your Company’s & Product Visions

Many company owners make the mistake of allocating work items to various offshore team developers at random. One of the most difficult aspects of working with an offshore team is that it creates a fragmented product vision. Or each team member working toward their own little goal.

When dealing with an offshore development team, ensure that everyone on the team is on the same page about your product’s goals and objectives. They can improve their processes and make wise decisions about your project if you provide them with this comprehensive picture of your product vision.

A product vision also allows the team to prepare ahead of time for future work items and allocate resources appropriately. This structure also provides the team with a feeling of security to track the project’s progress.

3) Team Leaders are Essential for Success

Your offshore team should be self-directed through a location-specified team leader. The team leader is in charge of the whole team’s daily activities. One of the most significant benefits of having a team leader is that they understand the culture of their home country. And they can also integrate it into your company’s objectives.

4) Construct a Robust Communication Infrastructure

Successful offshore collaboration requires excellent communication. But it remains a challenge. When working with offshore resources, both sides must feel like they are sitting next to one another rather than halfway across the globe.

Fostering an atmosphere where good communication between offshore and onshore personnel is crucial. It helps counterbalance many of the difficulties created by non-collation as a company seeks to move offshore. You’ll need to use a variety of communication channels to do this. For successful communication, you may utilize many communication channels:

Communication techniques for communicating between an in-house team and a offshore team  include:

  • Email
  • Skype, Slack, and Google Hangout are examples of efficient online chats
  • IRA, Trello, Basecamp, and Asana are examples of productivity tools
Communication for offshore collaboration
Various Online Methods are Available for Effective Communication Today

5) Get Rid of the In-House Staff and their Mindset

Always treat your overseas staff as though they are an extension of your company. They’ll be more motivated to work harder if they feel like they’re part of a large family and have a good working connection with their coworkers and supervisors.

You can maintain close relationships by doing the following:

  • Let the offshore team fully immerse in your company’s culture
  • Align their processes with your company’s goals.
  • Let them contribute to the achievement of your company’s objectives
  • Help them establish a strong working relationship with the onshore staff

6) Appreciate the Offshore Team

Regular communication with your offshore staff regarding project progress, deadlines, and problem solutions should be second nature, as previously mentioned. It’s also essential to keep in mind that they’re human beings. Giving positive comments may significantly enhance their working relationships and productivity, regardless of their location or cultural background.

If they do an excellent job of completing your project on time and within budget, thank them. And if your customers are pleased with the product, make a point of thanking them by informing them of the valuable customers’ feedback.

We Can Put Together an Expert Offshore Development Team for You

Collaboration with remote teams is no longer a pipe dream but a reality. Offshoring is here to stay for organizations, whether they employ an individual in a different part of the city or an entire offshore development firm on a foreign continent.

We are a Sri Lankan offshore development firm with a complete expert team in IT, app development, and software development. Choosing a Sri Lankan offshore team is the most cost-effective choice without sacrificing quality. Please Contact Us right away. With our team of IT professionals, we can put together the best development team for you.

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Microservices vs. Monolithic Architecture | What to Choose?

Are you choosing between microservices vs. monolithic architecture? Well, microservices will increase at a 22.5 percent annual rate worldwide between 2019 and 2025. Thus, the decision between monolithic vs. microservices architectures needs careful consideration. Here are a few crucial aspects to consider if you’re wondering what microservices best suit your organization. Should your company stick with monolithic or make the switch to microservices?

What Is Monolithic Architecture?

A monolithic application is made up of a single code base and a set of modules. And the business’s complexity and technical features determine the required number of modules. When applicable, the whole application—including dependencies—is created on a single system and deployed as a single executable binary.

When deciding on the best architectural type for your application, you must consider the pros and downsides of monolithic architecture. 

What Is Microservices Architecture?

Microservice architecture, also known as microservices, is a method for designing a single application to collect loosely linked services. Applications usually start as a monolithic architecture and evolve into a collection of interconnected microservices.

Microservices’ main idea is that breaking down some types of applications into many small pieces that operate together makes them simpler to build and maintain. Despite the increasing complexity of the design, microservices still provide several benefits over monolithic architectures.

Choose the right architecture for business
Choosing the Right Architecture is Crucial for Your Business

Monolithic Architecture Pros and Cons

It’s a classic software architecture in which the structure is a single, indivisible unit. A monolith consists of a single code base that contains several modules. For many years, this architecture has been the standard functioning model. And numerous monolithic applications have been successfully built. 

The advantages of monolithic architecture include:

  • Monolithic architecture makes it easier to start a new project and develop it
  • It is significantly simple to test a monolithic structure
  • Deployment is relatively easier than microservices 

The disadvantages of monolithic architecture:

  • A large codebase may be quite difficult to understand
  • The Integrated Development Environment (IDE) may become overloaded, and the size of the IDE might slow startup times
  • Because each component is interconnected and dependent on the others, transitioning to new or improved technology, language, or framework is difficult
  • Updating may be difficult since it necessitates the application’s redeployment
  • Because each element has varied resource requirements, there can be scalability issues

Microservices architecture pros and cons

The merits of microservices seem compelling enough to have persuaded several major corporations, like Amazon, Netflix, and eBay, to embrace the concept. Microservices provide the following benefits over more monolithic design structures: 

  • The failure of a single module might not result in an entire application to fail  
  • Microservices provide you with the freedom to experiment with different technology stacks on a per-service basis. There will be fewer dependencies to worry about, and reverting changes will be considerably simpler. There is greater freedom when there is less code in play
  • Developers can better understand the functionality of a service if it is made simpler
  • Smaller codebases and scope mean faster deployments, allowing you to experiment with Continuous Deployment
  • Because your services are separate, you may scale the most critical ones at the right times rather than the whole application. And this may result in cost savings if done appropriately

Microservices may be a hot trend. Still, the architecture does have drawbacks, including:

  • Because everything is now a separate service, you must carefully manage requests that flow across your modules. Developers may require to implement additional code in one case to prevent delays. When remote calls encounter delays, difficulties will occur over time.
  • Managing many databases and transactions may be a problem.
  • Each service has its collection of logs that need examination. 
  • The product may need coordination across different services, which won’t be as simple as deploying a single server.
  • Microservices are fantastic for big firms, but they may be difficult to develop and maintain for smaller companies that need to build and iterate quickly without becoming bogged down in sophisticated orchestration. 

Microservices vs. Monolithic Architecture Advantages

It’s worth mentioning that you can resolve monolithic issues without requiring extensive re-architecting of your application. For example, Shopify began on a Ruby on Rails base and is now arguably the only force in the world capable of competing with Amazon.

The simplest architecture to implement is a monolithic architecture. The outcome will almost certainly be a monolith if no architecture is enforced. And this is particularly true with Ruby on Rails, which lends itself well to monolithic development because of the global availability of all the code at the application level. Because monolithic architecture is simple to build and helps teams move swiftly to get their products in front of consumers initially, it may take an application a long way.

Microservices, on the other hand, are ideal for huge projects. Microservices are established by collaborating services instead of monolithic architecture, which is made up of only one element. Each one is a small-scale service that focuses on specific business activities. Microservices have a huge influence on eCommerce, and the division of large-scale projects into little ones has become increasingly important, particularly among developers.

The ability of the separate modules to administer the API and execute specific tasks is one of the key reasons for their success. The microservice architecture breaks down services into small, self-contained elements, each having its own distinct role. 

Microservices vs. monolithic for apps
The Right Architecture Simplifies Your Project

Microservices vs. Monolithic: Which Is the Perfect Fit for Your Company?

According to Statista, the number of mobile apps downloaded in 2020 is 218 billion. So, the high demand for apps is pretty evident. For complex and evolving apps, the microservices architecture is more advantageous. Within one application, it provides comprehensive solutions for managing a sophisticated system of various functions and services. Microservices are excellent for platforms that cover a wide range of user journeys and workflows. However, implementing this model would be difficult without sufficient microservices expertise. 

And you should begin with a monolith if your business concept is new and you want to validate it. Microservices are unnecessary for a small engineering team trying to build a basic and lightweight application. A monolithic app will be considerably simpler to develop, modify, deploy, and test in this manner. While you can try your best to make the right choice between monolithic vs. microservices, it’s always a good idea to reach out to a professional team. And we can help you with it as an award-winning tech company; contact us today.

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Why Is User Experience (UX) Important in Mobile Apps?

To understand why is UX important, let’s look into stats. Between 2016 and 2021, the number of smartphone users almost doubled, according to Statista. And mobile apps are the primary reason why consumers choose smartphones over desktops. Moreover, the global number of mobile applications downloaded is predicted to reach 258.2 billion by 2022. As per these statistics, the desktop is gradually becoming the “secondary touch-point” for a large portion of the digital audience. More and more people are turning toward mobile apps because of their functionality and ability to do tasks swiftly.

Your mobile app should face strong competition to remain in the digital market in this age of digitalization. Thus, your mobile app’s design must be engaging and eye-catching to influence consumers’ minds. In other words,  UX is crucial in mobile apps to make consumers satisfied. 

What Is User Experience in Mobile Apps?

The goal of UX is to provide the best user experience possible, including simplicity of use and a sense of how the user influences your company’s value. Defining how a mobile app operates and serves the needs of users is part of creating a UX. To turn your users into loyal customers, the UX must be simple, comfortable, and user-friendly. And it must work in the right direction.  

What Is UI in Mobile Apps? 

The acronym UI denotes the user interface, which is how consumers engage with mobile apps. The user interface encompasses all of the app’s controls, blocks, buttons, and elements.

The user interface’s main goal is to interact between the user and the app as simply, enjoyable, and effectively as possible. Selecting a color, corporate identity, and modern design concepts are all UI development processes. 

UX and UI for apps
A Consistent Experience is a Better Experience in Apps.” 

Benefits of User Experience in Mobile Apps

For every consumer-driven software product, focusing on the UI and UX from the beginning and improving it throughout the development circles until production is critical. Improved UX offers numerous advantages, including the following:

1. Captivates Users

You only have a few seconds to have an impact on consumers when they launch your app. Only if your app’s design is appealing will they decide to keep using it. They’ll leave if not. Engagement is the next important thing to consider. Users will continue to use the app if they find it interesting. 

2. Get featured in the app store

The number of users who like an app determines whether it is excellent or not. Your mobile app will certainly get to the top of the rankings, thanks to positive customer reviews and ratings. So, make sure you provide users a superb UI/UX. Getting your app at the top of the list will instantly attract more users.  

3. Enhanced customers complacency & improved ROI:

When your app has an impressive design, it provides your consumers with engaging content and simple navigation, ensuring that they are happy with the services provided by your app. A satisfied consumer is more likely to promote your app to others, increasing customers. And, as a result, a higher return on investment for your company. 

4. App UI/UX design boosts your brand

When you invest in outstanding UI/UX design services, your consumers will be happier. Users want to stick with companies that make them feel good. The positive feedback from these satisfied clients will assist you in making the required modifications and improving your application.

A positive connection between your company and its consumers will boost your company’s credibility and brand value.  

5. Conserves time and cost:

If you invest in a fantastic UI/UX design, your customers are unlikely to encounter any problems or difficulties using your app. A quality product will not need regular updates, which will save you time and money. 

Better design for better UX
A Seamless Design Results in Better UX

How to Create User-Friendly Mobile Apps?

Below are the important aspects of UX/UI that you should work on to improve your mobile application’s appearance and functionality:

1. Maintain uniformity

Ensure that the design is consistent across the app. It should include not just icons and buttons but also colors and patterns. A consistent app design helps users get more comfortable with the app and makes it easier for them to engage.

2. Use conventional elements:

The usage of familiar elements in the app saves the user time and helps them use it without difficulty. Therefore, the user shouldn’t need any more instructions on how to use the app.

Elements like icons, buttons, colors, and symbols must be developed in the same manner as most apps. The faster a user gets to know your app, the more likely it is to be popular.

3. Make it as interesting as you can:

A more user-friendly app is interactive. Allowing users to engage with the app establishes a connection. Users may easily go from one window to the next in an interactive app. 

4. Design is straightforward

To improve users’ interests, the design of your app should give great services with little input. Customers are confused and frustrated by an app with a lot of clutter, so they leave it. On the other hand, customers will find it simpler to use the app if the navigation is simple.

We Bring Ideas to Life

Bringing ideas to life is what we do at Treinetic every day. As an experienced and leading software company, our talented UI/UX engineers can help you develop the best appealing design with carefully planned UX; Contact us today for more information.

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Do You Really Need Microservices ?

As of 2020, the software development industry keeps changing more than any other industry. Programming languages keep changing. Old programming languages like Java, C++, PHP getting new language features and syntax. For example, within the last 2 years, Java had 4 major updates while it took 5 years to release Java 7 after version 6. We as software developers would like to try new technologies. That is what makes us exciting and keep moving. Especially start-up companies always try to keep up with the new technologies and try them. Because unlike corporates start-up does not huge organizational structure.

Do you really need microservices?

My personal experience is a lot of small startup companies trying to adopt microservices architecture to their project just because it is the “NEW TREND”. If you ever google the word “microservices” you would lot of diagrams like this.

According to this diagram each hexagon is small web service with their own database. This looks simple. But the reality is far different from this diagram.

This is the microservices architecture diagram of Netflix. It has around 700 microservices running.

When you start with microservices architecture. You might have a user service that is responsible for handling user registration, login, and other user account-related activities. Then you will have an order service to handle user’s orders. So user order services probably need to know about the user details. Then you need a way to get those details from the user service. To accommodate that you might add an endpoint to the user service return user details and then order service can invoke that endpoint. When you developing in your local development environment you might run these 2 services in 2 different ports. So you know how to access each other. But in the cloud, you might run these services in 2 different instances. They have to discover each in the cloud environment. There are a lot of ways to do service discovery in microservices. You might get service discovery services by default depending on the platform you are using. But service discovery is another critical aspect you need to consider when developing microservices.

Another thing your services might go offline for some reasons. Then your other services that depend on the unavailable service should know how to handle the situation. So you might use Circuit Breaker to handle these situations. And then you need to decouple services as much as you can to avoid dependency between services. So you might use some type of messaging service or event bus to handle messages between services. Then you need to manage multiple databases that are being used by your services.

So what do I suggest?

Starting a microservices project with 2 to 3 developers is not the best idea. Because those developers need to lay the groundwork before start developing the functionalities. My opinion is for startup companies up and running project is far more important than the technology it uses. Being a startup company meaning is trying new ideas and projects. The reality is most of the projects won’t be successful. So the important thing is to get an up and running project and check the user’s feedback and based on that improve the architecture and technologies. Companies that use microservices like Netflix have thousands of employees so comparing a small startup with Netflix and decide to go with the technologies they use can be problematic.

Finally, if you have a well-designed monolithic system it much easier to migrate to microservices. If you think the project cannot be designed properly with a monolithic architecture. First, you need to figure out how to do that. Because If somebody cannot design a proper monolithic system. s/he definitely cannot design a microservices system.

Working from home | Treinetic Sri Lanka

Work From Home Benefits in the IT Industry in 2021

Why work from home in the IT sector in 2021? Well, the COVID-19 pandemic has been such a tragedy that finding a silver lining is almost impossible. Nonetheless, the one prime advantage of the present outbreak may be the tremendous rise of the remote working culture in the IT sector. All of the IT industry’s leaders have already begun to reap the advantages of recruiting offshore development teams. 

However, there are a few significant problems that you can readily solve with some forethought. Let’s take a look at the advantages and disadvantages of working from home so you can decide if it’s right for you. We’ve also included the most up-to-date work-from-home statistics to help you overview the big picture. 

Remote Work Statistics in 2021

For the past few years, the use of the work-from-home idea has been on the rise. Even organizations that didn’t believe in the potential of telecommuting had no option but to adopt the trend when a global pandemic struck. Here are some figures that may surprise you: 

  • Worldwide, 16% of companies are fully remote.
  • The principal reason why individuals opt to work remotely is to achieve a better work-life balance.
  • When working from home, 77% of remote employees feel they are more productive.
  • Remote employees earn an average of $4,000 more per year than regular employees.
  • 85% of executives believe that having teams with remote employees will become the standard soon.
  • Having the opportunity to work remotely would make 74% of employees less inclined to leave an organization.


The Top Advantages of Working from Home in the IT Sector in 2021

The advantages of working from home aren’t simply notions. Studies, polls, and statistics back up these claims. These figures will dispel any misconceptions you may have about the benefits of outsourcing app development. As a result, several major IT companies, including Facebook, Twitter, Shopify, and HubSpot, have adopted the work-from-home strategy. 

1. Remote Working Increases Productivity

Remote working provides maximum freedom and ease, which remote workers highly appreciate. They value these rewards so much that they are ready to work additional hours late at night or even on holidays to make up for the lost time.

These aren’t simply speculative assertions. According to the results of the Coso Cloud Survey on its remote resources:

  • Around 23% of workers said that they are ready to work longer hours to finish their tasks.
  • While working remotely, 77% of workers said they were more productive.
  • Employees are less inclined to take day-offs, according to 52% of those polled.
  • Employees reported they were able to achieve more in less time in 30% of cases.

All of these figures show that outsourcing is an effective way to expand your staff.

2. Remote Resources are Healthier

For all personnel working in the IT business, health is becoming a big issue. The reason for this is partially due to the sedentary nature of the job. Developers who sit for lengthy periods are putting their health at risk.

Moreover, contagious illnesses and the transmission of germs and viruses are also a concern for office employees. We are now amid a COVID-19 pandemic, and working in an office at this time is nothing short of dangerous.

And according to studies, people who work in a shared workplace take more sick days than those who work remotely.

3. Remote Workers Exhibit Better Collaboration

According to a recent survey, around 81 percent of all remote employees said their communication with their coworkers is outstanding. The percentage of remote employees that complain about inadequate communication is less than 3%.  

4. Decreased Stress

In two ways, working from home reduces stress. To begin with, you are relieved of the burden of commuting to work in the morning. Second, you don’t have to deal with the high levels of stress that come with personality disputes or office politics.

And because you have greater freedom, you may take a break or take a power nap to refresh your mind and body.

5. Lower Carbon Footprint

For office work, millions of people travel millions of miles every day, increasing their carbon footprint. What if you could contribute to a reduction in carbon emissions?

Yes, as per the Official Carbon Calculator, if you commuted 30 miles each day, you would contribute 55.5 metric tons to global CO2 emissions. As a result, you’d save 55.5 metric tons of CO2 throughout your career. So, working from home may be the best option for resolving this long-term problem.

Disadvantages of Work from Home in IT

Working from home is undeniably beneficial to both employees and companies. However, we must also consider the concept’s possible drawbacks. The following are some of the most prevalent disadvantages of working from home:

  • Conflicts between work-life and family life
  • Motivational challenges
  • Some may feel isolated without the presence of a team
  • Concentration difficulties when working from home
  • Lack of office equipment
  • Less access to office document
  • Household noise

Nevertheless, during the COVID-19 pandemic, world-leading IT businesses had no choice but to utilize the remote work concept. Thus, we must search for methods to overcome the obstacles to make it happen.  

How to Get Around the Disadvantages of Working From Home?

If you want to work from home rather than merely stay at home, you’ll need to build an atmosphere that allows you to do business as usual. And this involves having a well-equipped home office and structuring your work routine in a manner that prevents people from disturbing you and keeps you encouraged when working from home.

Inform guests and family members, politely but firmly, that you will be unable to attend to their needs while you are at work.

Thrive with a Global Team

Having a global team on your side may help your company grow and become more productive. And the work-from-home concept is the ideal framework for achieving this goal. No travel restrictions or lockdowns may impair your organization’s operations since employees connect with your organization through advanced technology methods from afar. 

On the other hand, the data on the advantages of working from home in IT is so optimistic that we can presume it will be the turning point. Nonetheless, you’ll need a reliable partner to assist you in making the transition from an in-office workforce to a global, experienced staff that works remotely. If you’re looking to grow your team globally, we can assist you. So, Contact Us today. 

Sri Lanka Center of IT in Asia

Why Sri Lanka is The IT Destination of Asia

Sri Lanka with an extensive ecosystem to support and provide IT services to the world’s best enterprises has been celebrating innovation, creativity, and problem-solving capabilities for many years. The IT service providers of the island are equipped to provide intricate engineering solutions and services to their global clientele and build successful IT service provisioning ventures which contribute to the Sri Lankan economy.

Today the country has several programs to foster IT service providers and even the education system is geared to educate children in the country on the latest technology and related services. The intense efforts and interest put into technology have encouraged many generations to invest themselves in technology and IT-related services as their career/profession potentially.

Sri Lanka IT BPM Country Overview 2016


Today, Sri Lanka has an established base of many IT service providers with a global clientele, and the best-in-class talent is recruited to these companies to extend products and services to clients. The ability to set up seamless and consistent service providers and power these establishments with competent talent sets Sri Lanka as the perfect IT service provider for any enterprise in the global landscape. Let us explore the value clients can experience by outsourcing IT-related services to Sri Lanka.

Benefits of Outsourcing IT Related Services.

Businesses can experience a range of benefits by outsourcing IT services and when outsourcing it to a destination like Sri Lanka with powerful talent and infrastructure, these benefits can be reaped effectively. Firstly, outsourcing these services helps curtail the cost of IT departments. Outsourcing converts fixed IT costs into variable costs and allows you to budget effectively. This also indicates that the labour cost will be reduced as Hiring and training an IT staff can be very expensive, and temporary employees do not always live up to your expectations. Also, if you’re not IT trained, you can outsource your IT services to assure that your work is managed by people certified with Microsoft Certified Systems Engineer (MCSE) etc.

More importantly, outsourcing these services can increase efficiency and competitiveness Organizations that try to do all IT Services in-house themselves can have much higher research, development, and implementation time, all of which increase costs and are ultimately passed on to customers. The most valuable return of this effort could be that you can lead a focused business by outsourcing all painstaking IT services. Businesses have limited resources, and every manager has limited time and attention. Outsourcing can help your business stay focused on your core business and not get distracted by complex IT decisions. Furthermore, outsourcing providers assume and manage much of the IT-related risk for you, with specific industry knowledge, especially security and compliance issues.

High IT Literacy Rate in Sri Lanka

As the world goes digital it becomes increasingly more important for populations to be IT literate. In Sri Lanka, over 40% of the population is IT literate. According to the report, digital literacy stood at 42.4% compared to 29% for computer literacy for the year 2018. To intensify this growth, many organizations are hiring IT literate individuals. The needs for data scientists, AI experts, talent for software engineering, product engineering, Quality assurance leads are soaring every day. This need is quite high in companies that provide IT services to global clients as they demand rich talent who can address the dynamic and complex requirements of foreign enterprises. In addition to this, schools and state universities in Sri Lanka are taking steps to allocate more priority to the curriculum for IT-related studies. School children have fantastic opportunities to passionately innovate and invent new software solutions/ platforms which can be featured/nominated in global competition. These opportunities present a perfect
platform to motivate and encourage the next generation of IT experts to pursue a profession in IT. Universities are also increasingly promoting students in IT faculties to workplaces in the country. This will be the current and future workforce who will extend IT services to clients; therefore, Sri Lanka is certainly in a competitive state to offer IT services to any enterprise that would like to outsource their work.

Trustworthy, Friendly, Dedicated Staff

The trustworthy and loyal nature are innate qualities of citizens in Sri Lanka. This is the same reason why tourism was a booming industry on the island before the prevailing pandemic. These qualities can be observed in the employees within the IT services domain as well. The attention to detail and precision they put into their work is commendable, and the renowned IT service providers put meticulous attention to ensure their clients’ data and information are secured. Many IT service providers use sophisticated cloud infrastructure including Microsoft Azure or Amazon Web Services to host their solutions, offer various services to clients.

The reliability of these infrastructures is certain as these are produced by world leaders of technology. Sri Lankan service providers’ effort and dedication to using such infrastructure and security measures which as considered as Gold Standards in the world indicate their trustworthiness and quality of services; therefore, clients globally shall fearlessly outsource their IT work to this destination.

The loyalty and friendliness of the staff who would front-end client needs positions Sri Lanka as a promising service provider who would always offer courteous service to clients.

Quality of Work and Real-Life Case Studies

The quality of the services offered by Sri Lankan providers are truly admirable and as a recognition of these many IT service providers have been awarded and represented Sri Lanka at international events for the excellent services provided by them. The entire ICT industry employs approximately 146,000 employees and all these employees are highly skilled, experienced and qualified. Even the new talent absorbed into these companies undergo rigorous training on technology and processes.

Companies including Viritusa, IFS, and many others are active and prominent IT service providers in Sri Lanka with an aggressive market footprint in the global market. The quality of work and attention to consistency given by these companies have made them the best breed of IT service providers in Sri Lanka and have even become promising places to work for the future IT workforce.

The facts discussed above, are definite reasons for any international enterprise to consider outsourcing their IT-related services to Sri Lanka. We at Treinetic believe that every client will surely encounter a consistent and quality service from these service providers equipped with talented employees who work with them to further their journey of satisfying the IT needs of a global clientele.

Stay tuned and learn more about Treinetic on https://treinetic.com/about-us/