Software Development Best Practices

Top Five Software Development Best Practices You Should Know

Is there such a thing as a “perfect software development project,” and if so, what measures should you take to get there? Well, there are stringent standards and various best practices for software development, including scrum, extreme programming, spiral development, etc. Still, we have learned that it’s not always practical or advisable to adhere to these procedures rigidly.

It does not mean that we do not try to apply these techniques well; we must remain flexible. As part of this versatility, we should consider the general structures that ensure the success of a project, as well as how consistency and coherence may increase your chances of reaching the “perfect.” There isn’t a “rulebook” on the perfect software development project elements. So, we compiled a list of some of our tried and tested best practices that help Treinetic’s software development projects go more smoothly.

Before that, you must also consider the following symptoms of software development issues. And this is critical whether you are a startup or have a small development team and are unsure if you are on the right track.

  • Software of poor quality
  • Inadequate knowledge of end-user requirements
  • Inability to adapt to changing conditions
  • Unacceptable software performance
  • Software that is difficult to update or expand
  • Serious project problems get discovered late in the process

If you notice any of these symptoms, you must act quickly.

Top 5 Best Practices in Software Development

The tips we are giving you now have the potential to make a significant change. In the meantime, we advise you to keep the following important inaccuracies in mind at all times and do your best to avoid them:

  • Ambiguous communication
  • Inadequate requirement management
  • Inconsistencies between requirements, designs, and implementations that go undetected
  • Frail architecture
  • Overwhelming complications
  • Inadequate testing

So, here are the top five best practices for world-class software development that you must know.

1 Employ the Proper Software Development Process

A well-organized software development process is essential for every project. And this is also termed the software development life cycle (SDLC), necessitates data-driven methods. It’s a comprehensive flowchart split into phases. Each state has its own set of objectives and action items, which is true for software engineering initiatives.

SDLC will assist your team and customers in setting appropriate expectations. This plan also guarantees that your methods are in line with the overall goals. Make it a point to highlight the importance of each job to your team members.

Choosing the best software development method is dependent on your particular needs, customer expectations, specifications, and timeline. And here is one of the most helpful SDLCs for software development: Agile Development.

Agile development, as the name suggests, is excellent for dynamic and fast-paced settings, and it offers the following benefits:

  • To accomplish your objectives, you will need several teams working together in this process. These coordinated efforts by various teams allow the company to identify issues and simplify the process rapidly.
  • Large company developers that operate in a fast-paced and demanding setting adopt this technique.

Apple, Microsoft, and IBM are examples of businesses that utilize the Agile methodology. So, if you have a big company with projects that need flexibility and quick answers in a short period, the agile approach is right for you.

Agile for Software Development
The Agile Approach is Ideal for Dynamic and Fast-Phase Settings

2. Maintain Code Simplicity

Our second piece of advice is one of the most effective coding techniques you can use. That is, “keep your code simple.” The code simplification trend complements other software concepts such as DRY (Don’t Repeat Yourself), presented in the book The Pragmatic Programmer.

  • For starters, a program with a simple code makes it easier to keep your other programs simple. And this will help you retain coherence as you advance in your growth. Because a complicated code is like a row of dominoes, one incorrect input may create chaos.
  • Second, a simple code will allow it to be easily modified. Code changes and modifications are typical while developing software. So, keeping your code simple is a kind of self-care.

How can you tell whether your code is simple? There are three basic work tests you may do to determine if your code is simple and clear:

  • Your code is straightforward to test and debug
  • Your code is considerably longer than the comments you’ve used to describe it
  • Only one domain of your code has logic boundaries

3. Continue Documenting Your Progress

This is one of the most often ignored software development best practices. Documentation is one of the many tasks you should have done when working on the project. Your paperwork will serve as a reminder of your core principles and objectives. And this will also keep you in touch with your customers’ requirements. Besides, you should also document your code.

The best practices are the ones that are the most time-consuming but will provide the greatest advantages in the long term. We understand that documenting your code is time-consuming, but it will help you solve one of the numerous issues that may arise in your software project.

4. Maintain consistency across all teams

It’s crucial to maintain a uniform style guide for your codebase within the team. There is no consistency amongst writers if you have a codebase to identify who authored which file. There are many tools available to help you maintain a consistent style; here are three of our favorites:

  • JSCS (Javascript Style Checker) is a JavaScript linter with an attractive format
  • ESLint is a highly customizable linter that has gained a lot of traction in the community
  • Editorconfig is a tool for ensuring uniformity across the many editors and IDEs that your developers use

5. Be realistic in your budget and time estimates

This is one of the most important software development best practices to remember. A sound budget prevents your software projects from becoming overburdened. And this allows the scope to stretch more readily as the project proceeds using agile techniques, but a wrong estimate may create quality, morale, and production issues.

Estimation may be difficult since it’s difficult to strike a good medium between being accurate and playing wrong when there are many uncertainties. You may be confident that improved estimating comes with experience, and there are many tools available to help with software development project code estimates.

Software Development Best Practices - Realistic Goals
Set Realistic Timeframes and Budgets When Developing Software

We Always Adhere to Software Development Best Practices 

Treinetic creates intelligent, cost-effective, and user-friendly web applications, mobile applications, and cloud systems. Our award-winning solutions also assist customers in streamlining business operations and generating new income sources for both startups and large businesses.

Because of adhering to industry-level standards, we can stay on track all of the time. Our customers are always satisfied with what we provide since the product quality is always satisfactory. We constantly use the most up-to-date technology in our work and strive to improve conception from the customer’s point of view. Please get in touch with our team for more information on our solutions.

Agile Software Development

What Is Agile Software Development and Benefits for Startups

To understand agile software development, we must understand a few basics first. The ability to create and respond to change is referred to as agile. It is a method of dealing with and eventually succeeding in an unpredictable and turbulent environment. The creators of the Agile Manifesto selected the term “Agile” to symbolize the adaptability and responsiveness to change that was so essential to their methodology.

It’s basically about finding out how to comprehend what’s going on in the environment you’re in right now. Also, recognizing the uncertainty you’re facing, and figuring out how to adjust to it as you go.

From the above explanation, it is clear that the Agile approach is more flexible and helpful for startups. Startup development companies encounter many difficulties throughout the software development process, but Agile can eliminate many of them.

Let’s get to know Agile a little better so that startups can get the big picture before knowing its benefits. 

What Exactly Does Agile Software Development Entail?

Agile software development is more than Feature-Driven Development (FDD), Scrum, or Extreme Programming frameworks. Agile software development entails something more than practices like test-driven development, pair programming, stand-ups, planning sessions, and sprints.

The term “agile software development” refers to a collection of concepts and techniques based on the ideals and principles stated in the Manifesto for Agile Software Development and the 12 Principles that underpin it. When approaching software development in a certain way, it’s usually a good idea to live by these principles and values. The development team must also use them to figure out the best things to do are given your specific situation.

What Makes Agile Unique?

One feature that distinguishes Agile from other software development methods is the emphasis on the people performing the job and how they collaborate. Collaboration amongst self-organizing cross-functional teams using the right techniques for their context leads to the development of solutions.

The Agile software development community places a high value on collaboration and the self-organizing group. That is not to say that there are no managers. It implies that teams can find out how to tackle problems on their own. It suggests that such teams are multi-functional. Those teams do not need to have particular responsibilities. But rather that when you put the team together, you ensure that you have all of the necessary skill sets on the team.

Managers are still in demand, and they ensure that team members have or acquire the necessary skill sets. Managers foster an environment that enables the team to succeed. And they generally stand aside and allow their teams to figure out how to deliver products. However, they step in when teams attempt but fail to address problems.

When most teams and companies begin using Agile development, they focus on techniques that aid in collaboration and task organization. Specific technical procedures that directly deal with creating software that helps your team cope with uncertainty are another important set of practices that are not as often followed but should be. Those technical procedures are critical and should not be overlooked.

What are Agile Methodologies?

Agile is a mindset influenced by the ideals and principles of the Agile Manifesto. These values and principles influence how we create, react to, and cope with change and uncertainty. So, if Agile is a mindset, what does that mean for the concept of Agile methodologies? 

One of the founders of the agile movement in software development, Alistair Cockburn, said that a methodology is a collection of conventions that a team decides to follow. That implies that each team will have its methodology, which will vary in minor or major ways from the methodologies of the other teams.

So, Agile methods are the conventions that a team decides to follow to adhere to Agile ideals and principles.

Agile Software Development Methodology
Agile Software Development is an All-Inclusive Methodology

Agile Software Development’s Advantages for Startups

1. Transparency

An Agile methodology facilitates customer engagement throughout the project, from feature prioritization through iteration planning and review meetings to frequent software build including new features. But in return for the additional advantage of openness, customers must understand that they see a work in progress.

2. It Focuses on Users

User stories with business-focused acceptance criteria are frequently used in Agile to create product features. By emphasizing features on the requirements of actual users, each feature progressively delivers value rather than simply being an IT component. And this also allows for the chance to beta test software after each Sprint, receiving important input early in the project and allowing for modifications as required. Focusing on users results in a user-friendly product, helping startups build trust and develop their company name. 

3. Predictable and On-Time Delivery

New features are provided promptly and frequently, with a high degree of predictability, by utilizing time-boxed, fixed schedule Sprints of 1-4 weeks. And this also allows for the software to be released or beta-tested sooner than anticipated, provided there is sufficient economic value. On-time delivery is a well-known way to win clients’ hearts, which is highly beneficial for startups. 

4. It Makes Room for Change

While the team must remain focused on delivering an agreed-upon subset of the product’s features throughout each iteration, there is always the chance to improve and reprioritize the entire product backlog. Backlog items added or modified may be scheduled for the following iteration, allowing for changes to be implemented within a few weeks. So, in any case, if the client demands product improvements, the startup company doesn’t have to start it all from the beginning, saving time and money in the long run. 

5. Engagement of Stakeholders

Every day, stakeholders and developers collaborate closely. To get the best project outcomes, all stakeholders and team members must stay motivated. In reality, Agile offers many chances for stakeholder and team involvement before, during, and after each Sprint. As a result, there is a high level of collaboration between the client and the whole project team, giving the team additional chances to grasp the customer’s vision completely.

6. It Focuses on Business Value as Well

The team knows what is most important to the client’s company by enabling the client to decide the priority of features. It is capable of delivering the features that provide the highest value to the company. A better understanding of clients’ essential features will result in a better product and increased client satisfaction. And through this, startups can build a set of long-term, loyal clients who will help with long-term company development.

7. Costs and Schedule are Predictable 

Because each Sprint has a defined duration, the cost is foreseeable and bound to the amount of work completed by the team within the time frame specified in the schedule. When combined with the estimates given to the client before each Sprint, the client may better understand the estimated cost of each feature. So, this enhances decision-making regarding feature priority and the need for further iterations.

8. Enhances Quality

The development team can concentrate on high-quality development, testing, and collaboration by dividing the project into manageable pieces. Furthermore, by generating frequent builds and performing testing and reviews throughout each iteration, the development team can enhance quality by detecting and correcting problems and discovering expectation mismatches. And this is highly beneficial for startups with limited resources. 

Agile Software Development Benefits
Agile Development Is Highly Beneficial Than Traditional Methods

We Make Use of Agile Software Development

Agile is extremely useful for software development that helps both the development team and the customer by offering many important business advantages. Agile enables project teams to more effectively manage several of the most common problems. And these include cost, schedule predictability, and scope creep. It accomplishes the same goals by restructuring and reimagining the activities involved in bespoke software development in a leaner and more business-focused manner.

Maybe you’re not familiar with software development, but you’re searching for a world-class development team for your project. Why not go with us? We are an award-winning software development company that turns ideas into reality. Please get in touch with us to have your concept turned into reality. 

Cross-Platform Mobile App Development Frameworks

Top Five Cross-Platform Mobile App Development Frameworks

One of the most sought-after mobile application projects and workflows among SMEs and bigger businesses is the ability to develop performance-heavy and secure cross-platform mobile apps. Thus, cross-platform mobile app development is an important and often vital effort that enables companies to rapidly design and deploy mobile assets across many platforms without re-coding for each native Operating System (OS) and platform.

Why is Cross-Platform Mobile App Development Necessary?

The time, resources, and monetary expenditures needed for these initiatives are the most important variables that executives consider when developing companies’ digital company assets by designing mobile apps. Following that, the time-to-market, management requirements, and overheads required to build for each native platform are often the most important elements of the project. By utilizing a single process for several platforms, cross-platform development allows businesses to reduce development and maintenance expenses by half.

According to a 2020 developer poll on Statista, React Native is the most popular cross-platform mobile framework.

Cross-platform development is a software engineering method that results in a mobile application that operates across several mobile operating systems and platforms without re-coding for each native platform. This reduced code decreases the time, cost, and money required to create the same app if designed. And this is especially true for each native platform and operating system.

Consider the following key platforms and operating systems in the mobile platform/OS ecosystem:

1. iOS: The iOS platform is Apple’s exclusive, closed-OS linked with Apple devices such as the Apple iPhone and iPad.

2. Android: This is a Google-owned, fragmented, open-OS linked with smartphones (e.g., Samsung phones), smart-watches, smart technology, mobile systems, and smart-watches.

Many distinct kinds of mobile applications must be understood to determine the true power – and usefulness – of cross-platform development tools:

  • Native Mobile Applications: Native mobile applications are designed to be a platform or mobile OS-specific.
  • Mobile Cross-Platform Applications: Cross-platform mobile applications must operate on various mobile platforms and operating system. Also, they don’t make developers re-code for particular native platforms.
  • Mobile Applications with Hybrid Functions: Hybrid mobile apps are applications that look and feel like native apps yet run using web app technology.
  • Apps for the Web and Mobile: Mobile web applications include what seem to be “native” mobile apps launched on a mobile platform yet run in a web browser while needing an internet connection.

Mobile application development platforms and mobile application development frameworks are the two most important mobile app development technologies for creating cross-platform mobile assets. The latter is often used in conjunction with other tools to create cross-platform mobile apps. Therefore, understanding the market for such development tools will assist businesses in using these technologies to build the most robust feasible apps.

Cross-Platform Mobile App Development Benefits
Cross-Platform Mobile App Development Comes With Many Benefits

Our Top Five Recommended Tools in No Particular Order

Many best practices and frameworks, toolkits, SDKs, and platforms are essential to create effective cross-platform mobile apps. This list of suggested tools covers well-known mobile development hybrid app frameworks like Flutter and more traditional mobile app frameworks like Xamarin.

Several criteria differentiate the best cross-platform development tools from those that are encouraged but not top-tier, including:

  • The workload in development: Finally, the goal of a cross-platform development project is to reduce the development burden and resource needs. These cross-platform technologies enable engineers to drastically decrease the workload. And this creates the greatest applications for the lowest price while spending the least amount of time in the app’s development stages.
  • Compatibility with Platforms: To be top-tier development tools, cross-platform development tools must support several platforms or the main platforms (i.e., iOS and Android). While some frameworks support more obscure systems, most contemporary platforms support Android, Windows, iOS, macOS, and so on.
  • Usability: A mobile app created using a powerful cross-platform tool must provide a great user experience. And it also must include all of the features of an outstanding mobile application on the user’s side.
  • Scalability: Enterprise Mobile applications that must grow with a business and consumer apps that must fulfill the long-term objectives of a company’s mobile strategic plan should be built with scalability in mind (through cross-platform frameworks and technologies). Regardless of the platform used, such mobile applications should satisfy the long-term needs of a company’s strategy.
  • Security: Robust cross-platform solutions fill in all security vulnerabilities and holes created inside a mobile business application, independent of the platform deployed on.
  • Functionality/UI: Regardless of the platform chosen for deployment, the finest cross-platform solutions should offer a functioning and enterprise-level UI for all mobile applications they create. Such tools should also enable developers to include the finest, most sophisticated, and most essential features in a mobile app. They should make it feasible for a cross-platform mobile app to use as many native hardware functionalities as possible.

They should make it feasible for a cross-platform mobile app to use as many native hardware functionalities as possible. 

1. Flutter

This is a Google-owned, open-source SDK that enables cross-platform creation of high-performance iOS and Android applications. Flutter has many features, such as material design, smooth animations, a customizable UI, and out-of-the-box SDKs. Flutter also contains the following features:

  • Development of stock platform apps is supported
  • Support for 2D mobile apps
  • Compatibility for native device features like cameras, location, storage, and so on
  • Creative, robust designs

Mobile app developers use Flutter to build powerful mobile applications for iOS and Android using the Dart programming language.

Cross-Platform App Development - Flutter Benefits
Flutter Takes the First Place with Endless Benefits

2. React Native

React Native is an open-source, lightweight, quick, and resilient cross-platform development framework. Facebook developed it to build mobile apps for Android, iOS, the Web, and UWP. The main benefit of adopting React Native is providing native platform features for cross-platform mobile applications. Also, React Native has a plethora of useful features, including:

  • Uses JavaScript as the programming language to build mobile apps 
  • Mobile app design and development with a focus on the user interface
  • Third-party library integration
  • Workflows that “write once and use everywhere.”
  • For installation, it uses NPM (Node Package Manager)
  • Reload mobile development on dual screens and in real-time
  • Reduced development durations

React Native focuses on creating the finest Native and cross-platform mobile applications. In addition, it employs JavaScript and GPU-oriented development methods to create high-performance mobile apps.

3. Sencha

Sencha is a popular, powerful, HTML5-based, cross-platform framework for developing mobile user interfaces and Web and mobile apps using HTML, CSS, and JavaScript. Sencha/Sencha Touch, as an enterprise-level SDK and development option, focuses on creating touch-based apps for iOS, Android, Blackberry, and other systems that can reap the benefits of and utilize native device functionalities and APIs. Sencha has a plethora of features, including:

  • UI that can be customized
  • It uses hardware acceleration to boost performance and provide the fastest operating speed available
  • A substantial code and component library
  • Developers may use the “infinite scrolling grid” functionality to different aggregate characteristics for later retrieval.
  • To guarantee optimum development workflows and safe data operations, it uses strong data management and security procedures

Sencha Touch is a simplified, comprehensive solution for developing quick and intuitive mobile apps for iOS, Android, and Kindle Fire using front-end web languages and technologies (e.g., JavaScript, HTML, and CSS).

4. Appcelerator

This is a Titanium SDK development framework and online platform for developing native and cross-platform mobile apps in JavaScript and sophisticated mobile APIs. It works with several platforms and technologies and has monthly and annual subscriptions.

Appcelerator is a powerful enterprise-level mobile development framework that includes real-time analytics, benchmarking, data testing, database integrations, cross-platform code reuse, Hyperloop API access (direct access to iOS and Android APIs via JavaScript), implementation with third-party libraries, and much more.

Moreover, Appcelerator is a mobile app design and development framework used to create and design iOS, Android, and Windows Mobile applications using a drag-and-drop designer, user-friendly app builder, and multilingual user interface. Along with Titanium code, the framework employs several technologies, namely Java, JavaScript, Objective C, and Swift.

5. Xamarin

This is a cross-platform, C# and NET-based mobile app development platform simplifies the engineering, development, and deployment of Android, iOS, and Windows Mobile apps. Xamarin offers a plethora of powerful features that make it a popular option among app developers:

  • PCL is used for backend interactions
  • It uses mobile SDKs to create mobile applications (on desktop systems) that are mobile responsive
  • Written in C# and is extremely compatible with Visual Studio
  • Supports Type-Checking
  • For mobile app developers, a one-size-fits-all solution

Xamarin uses Visual Studio as a powerful, enterprise-level mobile development platform. And this helps developers to deploy sophisticated mobile app development and design processes using C# and NET. Also, the toolkit is designed for open source development and interacts with high-quality APIs.

Consult with Cross-Platform Mobile App Development Experts

Businesses nowadays confront fierce competition, and their primary emphasis is on their target audience. As a result, companies should use as many cross-platform app development tools as necessary.

You can discover a solution to handle all of your mobile app development requirements in our top five cross-platform mobile development tools. It is not always simple to choose the finest development tool since there are many choices on the market. So, you can seek the advice of professional mobile app developers.

UX design principles

The Must-Know 7 UX Design Principles for Product Engineering

We’ll go through the seven essential UX design principles and explain to you how to put them into practice here. As you begin to delve into the realm of app and web designs, you’ll soon come across the idea of User Experience (UX). UX design may have begun with Donald Norman’s The Design of Everyday Things in 1988.

Norman, who was Apple’s chief designer, utilized the book to highlight the complexities of designing things that are frequently ignored. UX design has evolved and altered since then, and it is currently the dominant method of thinking about user-led design.

Despite its prominence, the fundamental concepts of UX design are still poorly understood by many designers. In reality, there is an ongoing dispute over how to define the word. Many designers have a hazy idea that UX design is concerned with the user. But putting this concept into reality may be a bit more difficult.

What are Design Principles? 

Design principles are broadly applicable laws, standards, inclinations, and design concerns to which designers apply discretion. Professionals from various fields, including physics, behavioral science, sociology, and ergonomics, laid the groundwork for design principles via their cumulative knowledge and expertise.

User experience (UX) design is critical for reducing cognitive burdens and decision-making time for users. According to the authors of the seminal book Universal Principles of Design, core principles should assist designers in finding methods to enhance usability, impact perception, boost appeal, educate people, and make successful design decisions in projects. To successfully use design principles, you must first understand your users’ problems. Also, you must clearly understand how they would accept your solutions. 

UX Design Principles - psychological aspects
UX Design Should Consider Human Factors as Well

What is the significance of these Principles?

The process through which design teams create meaningful and relevant experiences for consumers is known as user experience (UX) design. And this entails planning the whole acquisition and integration process, including usability, branding, design, and function. When you utilize a big company’s app or one of its products, you will come across UX design concepts. UX is also responsible for making an app or website simple and pleasant to use.

The 7 Most Important UX Design Principles for Successful Product Engineering

1. Emphasize on the user

The essential concept in UX design is “focus on the user,” which underlies all of the other ideas we’ll be covering in this post. This concept is important for UX design since it addresses a frequent problem in apps and website designs. As designers gain proficiency in dealing with sophisticated design frameworks, they may create products that are more focused on impressing other designers than delivering a wonderful experience to real-world consumers.

The most practical application of this concept to designers will be determined by the organization’s kind and size for which you work. Working closely with your UX researchers is essential if you have the luxury of a specialized UX research team. You may need to create your own user feedback methods. Whatever method you choose, user-centric design implies a continuous design and feedback process, where one process informs the other.

2. Consistency

Consistency is a more specific concept of UX design that is essential when it comes to creating a successful product. At the most basic level, consistency implies that your designs and functionality remain consistent across all of your products. However, it’s also essential to note that many of the most popular and successful apps and websites utilize similar user interface patterns, whether in the positioning of buttons or how menu systems “flow.”

3. Hierarchy

Another overlooked fundamental concept of UX design is the hierarchy. A hierarchical approach to design, at its most basic, is considering all of the functionality and data that your product will include and then translating this into a tree-like framework in which each element of your product flows “naturally” from the last. If properly executed, the pages of your app or website will flow so smoothly from one another that your hierarchy will be almost invisible.

4. The importance of context

One of the main insights given by the UX design method is that context is a critical factor in how people engage with your products. In this sense, the context implies paying attention to which devices will be utilized to visit your app or website, with a specific focus on the fact that mobile surfing is currently the main type of online traffic.

Contextual design entails paying attention to a variety of different variables. Your design may function well while you are sitting in a nice, quiet office, but your users may engage with your design in a different context: in their workplace, but also on their lunch break or in a loud club.

5. Give the user complete control

Another one of the most important UX design principles is putting the user in charge. A decade ago, there was widespread hesitation to offer consumers a high degree of control over the online sites and apps they used for fear of breaking them. One of the most important conclusions of two decades of UX research is that providing the user with more power leads to a better experience.

And this is not to suggest that you should give your users full access to your app or website. Too much information may be overwhelming for novice visitors. And your product should remain simple to use regardless of how many sophisticated features you provide.

UX Design Principle - a meaningful user experience
The User Always Comes First in UX Design

6. Accessibility

Making your designs accessible involves making them usable by everyone, including individuals with impairments. Including accessibility in your design process is essential for at least two reasons: 1) It will offer a positive experience for your users; 2) Numerous laws compel you to provide equal access.

7. Testing for usability

The ultimate UX design concept is closely related to the previous one we discussed. Implementing a user-centric design approach entails engaging your users early in the design process, but your involvement with them should go much further. To guarantee that your products are usable by your customers, you must have a continual, rigorous usability testing methodology.

Instead, design is an iterative procedure in which you continuously strive to learn how people interact with your products and use this knowledge to enhance them. And this is especially essential for expanding businesses, whose apps or websites may rapidly become inoperable. They offer new functionality and, as they have additional content, their designs may rapidly suffer from sluggish performance.

You Can Have a Great UX Design with Us

After going through the UX design principles listed above, you’ll see that most of them stem from the first UX design concept: focusing on the user.

Assume that UX design can be confined to a single concept. In that case, it is as this. Product development should be viewed as an iterative design process in which user feedback is constantly incorporated. As a result, designers should strive for as much interaction with their consumers as possible and keep in mind that even the most beautiful design in the world is useless if your customers can’t use it.

We can assist you if you require expert UX designers to meet your customers’ needs. Treinetic has UX designers who have years of expertise working with both local and international customers. Please get in touch with us right away if you need any more information.

project-management-2061635_1920

Why Do You Need Project Management for IT Projects?

Why project management for IT projects? Well, that’s because overseeing software development, hardware installations, network upgrades, and other IT projects and delivering IT services are all part of IT project management. And, since IT projects are intangible and resources are difficult to replace, managing the necessary project components involved may be a significant challenge for startup companies.

In addition to these typical issues that may lead to a project’s failure, the following variables can harm an IT project’s success:

  • Technology advancements made throughout the project’s implementation
  • Changes in infrastructure that affect security and data management
  • Hardware, software, network infrastructure, and data have unknown dependent relationships

The first-time, first-use penalty, which represents the entire risk a company takes when adopting new technology for the first time, may also derail IT initiatives. Because the technology has never been deployed or utilized in the company before, there are likely to be issues that will jeopardize the project’s success.

According to Statista, the capacity of businesses in the IT sector to develop their services and expand their technical expertise determines their profitability. So, no matter what obstacles you may face, IT project management is critical for even small IT businesses to succeed. 

Project Management for IT Projects: The Five Steps

The project management life cycle comprises five process categories that are common to all projects. The stages of a project, on the other hand, are unique to each project and reflect the project’s life cycle.

  1. Initiation: The project objective, requirement, or issue is established from the start. Then, the project is given to a project manager, and the project charter is established.
  2. Planning: The project manager and the project team collaborate to plan all of the actions required to complete the project successfully. The project planning process is iterative, and planning is essential throughout the project.
  3. Execution: Once the project plan has been developed, the project team puts it into action to produce its deliverables. During project execution, the project may transition to project planning as required.
  4. Monitoring and control: The project manager oversees and supervises the project team’s work in terms of quality, time, cost, scope, risk, and other factors. Monitoring and control is a continuous process that ensures the project meets its goals for each project objective.
  5. Closing: Closure occurs after each phase and at the end of the whole project to verify that all work has been finished and authorized. Responsibility has been transferred from the project team to operations.
IT project manager
The Project Manager Plays a Key Role By Guiding Others

Challenges Faced by Startups  

The five project management steps outlined above may be more than a startup can handle. As a result, when it comes to starting and executing IT projects, startups confront several difficulties. Startups often struggle to find specialized IT project management staff. In many instances, just one manager is available to handle several projects, resulting in work overload, problems, and errors. They may, on the other hand, believe hiring an additional project manager as a part-time resource  is costly, which is a total misunderstanding.

Then there’s the price of premium tools. It’s no surprise that many startups lack the financial resources to invest in high-end software and tools. But in many instances, such expensive tools may be required to do IT project management properly. On the other hand, the usefulness of free tools may not be sufficient to meet requirements. These difficulties may result in partial or total loss. So, finding dependable ways to circumvent them is critical. As well as these challenges, many startups face the following challenges with IT projects of various scales:

  1. Mid-project adjustments
  2. Poor communication between teams
  3. Unclear expectations from end-users, stakeholders, and the business itself
  4. Staying in touch with remote stakeholders

Overcoming IT Project Management Challenges

As previously said, one of the most effective measures to address IT project management issues is to hire a professional project manager as a part-time resource. Many businesses fail due to a lack of experts who can complete the process correctly. But a competent project manager can handle many complexities and minimize the risks. It may also save time and money in the long run. Make certain that the project manager you choose is a master of the subject and knows open-source tools well. So, the manager can train the startup’s staff to use those resources correctly and effectively. 

You can also consider a project management mentor, which is the most successful method of developing competent project managers. Mentors must be experienced project managers who have “been around, done that, completely messed up, and survived to learn from it.” Mentors can assist project managers while they conduct routine duties such as planning, tracking, and problem-solving. Mentors are remarkably helpful during a crisis. 

Communication Is Critical to Successful IT Project Management

According to research, poor communication causes one out of every five projects to fail. Given the organizational and geographic variety of project teams, it’s critical to think about all communication options. With today’s advanced technology, we can quickly connect with team members no matter where they are. The importance of a communication strategy throughout the project planning phases is that it impacts the project’s success.

Active or passive communication techniques are available now.

ACTIVE communication means are those that are utilized at the current time to communicate, such as the usage of:

  • The telephone conference
  • Webinars 
  • Face to Face meetings
  • Video conference
  • Telephone – the good old fashioned call
  • Stand up presentations in person

PASSIVE communication methods are ones that recipients may use at their convenience, such as:

  • Intranet bulletin boards
  • Blogs
  • Website
  • Project newsletter – paper-based
  • Podcast
  • Webcast
  • Email
  • Tabletop presentation

Always utilize a combination of active and passive communication techniques to support one another. And this needs addressing as part of the overall communication strategy for project management.

Communication for IT project management
Effective Communication Is Essential for IT Project Management

What are the Best Practices?

To get IT project management right, you can take a variety of approaches. For example, you can make use of the Agile models. Agile is a software development model that focuses on separating the project into a few iterations. And each iteration will develop and demonstrate an increment in the system. 

Agile models enhance communication, team collaboration, and customer collaboration, which are critical to the project’s success. Scrum, Kanban, Extreme Programming (XP), and the Adaptive Project Framework are examples of Agile frameworks to achieve these principles (APF). Agile’s four primary values are as follows: 

  1. Individuals and interactions over processes and tools
  2. Collaboration with customers is preferred above contract negotiations
  3. Sticking to a plan in the face of change
  4. Sticking to a plan in the face of change Working on software that has extensive documentation

The following IT project management best practices may also be beneficial to startups:

  • Communicate effectively
  • Ask for feedback
  • Create a resource plan
  • Have a kickoff meeting
  • Establish project scope and objectives
  • Create a risk response team
  • Ensure proper documentation
  • Avoid adding unrealistic milestones
  • Review and reflect on the performance
  • Ensure that the project is transparent
  • Expect and accommodate changing requests

We Can Help You With IT Project Management 

The need for IT experts is evident, and you may think of outsourcing your project to an external expert team. As mentioned, this choice can save you time and money in the long run and also result in better project management with no errors. With our broad range of services, we can fulfill your IT project’s requirements, so why not choose us? With our years of experience and top-notch resources, we can help you. Please contact us right now for more information.

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Microservices vs. Monolithic Architecture | What to Choose?

Are you choosing between microservices vs. monolithic architecture? Well, microservices will increase at a 22.5 percent annual rate worldwide between 2019 and 2025. Thus, the decision between monolithic vs. microservices architectures needs careful consideration. Here are a few crucial aspects to consider if you’re wondering what microservices best suit your organization. Should your company stick with monolithic or make the switch to microservices?

What Is Monolithic Architecture?

A monolithic application is made up of a single code base and a set of modules. And the business’s complexity and technical features determine the required number of modules. When applicable, the whole application—including dependencies—is created on a single system and deployed as a single executable binary.

When deciding on the best architectural type for your application, you must consider the pros and downsides of monolithic architecture. 

What Is Microservices Architecture?

Microservice architecture, also known as microservices, is a method for designing a single application to collect loosely linked services. Applications usually start as a monolithic architecture and evolve into a collection of interconnected microservices.

Microservices’ main idea is that breaking down some types of applications into many small pieces that operate together makes them simpler to build and maintain. Despite the increasing complexity of the design, microservices still provide several benefits over monolithic architectures.

Choose the right architecture for business
Choosing the Right Architecture is Crucial for Your Business

Monolithic Architecture Pros and Cons

It’s a classic software architecture in which the structure is a single, indivisible unit. A monolith consists of a single code base that contains several modules. For many years, this architecture has been the standard functioning model. And numerous monolithic applications have been successfully built. 

The advantages of monolithic architecture include:

  • Monolithic architecture makes it easier to start a new project and develop it
  • It is significantly simple to test a monolithic structure
  • Deployment is relatively easier than microservices 

The disadvantages of monolithic architecture:

  • A large codebase may be quite difficult to understand
  • The Integrated Development Environment (IDE) may become overloaded, and the size of the IDE might slow startup times
  • Because each component is interconnected and dependent on the others, transitioning to new or improved technology, language, or framework is difficult
  • Updating may be difficult since it necessitates the application’s redeployment
  • Because each element has varied resource requirements, there can be scalability issues

Microservices architecture pros and cons

The merits of microservices seem compelling enough to have persuaded several major corporations, like Amazon, Netflix, and eBay, to embrace the concept. Microservices provide the following benefits over more monolithic design structures: 

  • The failure of a single module might not result in an entire application to fail  
  • Microservices provide you with the freedom to experiment with different technology stacks on a per-service basis. There will be fewer dependencies to worry about, and reverting changes will be considerably simpler. There is greater freedom when there is less code in play
  • Developers can better understand the functionality of a service if it is made simpler
  • Smaller codebases and scope mean faster deployments, allowing you to experiment with Continuous Deployment
  • Because your services are separate, you may scale the most critical ones at the right times rather than the whole application. And this may result in cost savings if done appropriately

Microservices may be a hot trend. Still, the architecture does have drawbacks, including:

  • Because everything is now a separate service, you must carefully manage requests that flow across your modules. Developers may require to implement additional code in one case to prevent delays. When remote calls encounter delays, difficulties will occur over time.
  • Managing many databases and transactions may be a problem.
  • Each service has its collection of logs that need examination. 
  • The product may need coordination across different services, which won’t be as simple as deploying a single server.
  • Microservices are fantastic for big firms, but they may be difficult to develop and maintain for smaller companies that need to build and iterate quickly without becoming bogged down in sophisticated orchestration. 

Microservices vs. Monolithic Architecture Advantages

It’s worth mentioning that you can resolve monolithic issues without requiring extensive re-architecting of your application. For example, Shopify began on a Ruby on Rails base and is now arguably the only force in the world capable of competing with Amazon.

The simplest architecture to implement is a monolithic architecture. The outcome will almost certainly be a monolith if no architecture is enforced. And this is particularly true with Ruby on Rails, which lends itself well to monolithic development because of the global availability of all the code at the application level. Because monolithic architecture is simple to build and helps teams move swiftly to get their products in front of consumers initially, it may take an application a long way.

Microservices, on the other hand, are ideal for huge projects. Microservices are established by collaborating services instead of monolithic architecture, which is made up of only one element. Each one is a small-scale service that focuses on specific business activities. Microservices have a huge influence on eCommerce, and the division of large-scale projects into little ones has become increasingly important, particularly among developers.

The ability of the separate modules to administer the API and execute specific tasks is one of the key reasons for their success. The microservice architecture breaks down services into small, self-contained elements, each having its own distinct role. 

Microservices vs. monolithic for apps
The Right Architecture Simplifies Your Project

Microservices vs. Monolithic: Which Is the Perfect Fit for Your Company?

According to Statista, the number of mobile apps downloaded in 2020 is 218 billion. So, the high demand for apps is pretty evident. For complex and evolving apps, the microservices architecture is more advantageous. Within one application, it provides comprehensive solutions for managing a sophisticated system of various functions and services. Microservices are excellent for platforms that cover a wide range of user journeys and workflows. However, implementing this model would be difficult without sufficient microservices expertise. 

And you should begin with a monolith if your business concept is new and you want to validate it. Microservices are unnecessary for a small engineering team trying to build a basic and lightweight application. A monolithic app will be considerably simpler to develop, modify, deploy, and test in this manner. While you can try your best to make the right choice between monolithic vs. microservices, it’s always a good idea to reach out to a professional team. And we can help you with it as an award-winning tech company; contact us today.

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Why Is User Experience (UX) Important in Mobile Apps?

To understand why is UX important, let’s look into stats. Between 2016 and 2021, the number of smartphone users almost doubled, according to Statista. And mobile apps are the primary reason why consumers choose smartphones over desktops. Moreover, the global number of mobile applications downloaded is predicted to reach 258.2 billion by 2022. As per these statistics, the desktop is gradually becoming the “secondary touch-point” for a large portion of the digital audience. More and more people are turning toward mobile apps because of their functionality and ability to do tasks swiftly.

Your mobile app should face strong competition to remain in the digital market in this age of digitalization. Thus, your mobile app’s design must be engaging and eye-catching to influence consumers’ minds. In other words,  UX is crucial in mobile apps to make consumers satisfied. 

What Is User Experience in Mobile Apps?

The goal of UX is to provide the best user experience possible, including simplicity of use and a sense of how the user influences your company’s value. Defining how a mobile app operates and serves the needs of users is part of creating a UX. To turn your users into loyal customers, the UX must be simple, comfortable, and user-friendly. And it must work in the right direction.  

What Is UI in Mobile Apps? 

The acronym UI denotes the user interface, which is how consumers engage with mobile apps. The user interface encompasses all of the app’s controls, blocks, buttons, and elements.

The user interface’s main goal is to interact between the user and the app as simply, enjoyable, and effectively as possible. Selecting a color, corporate identity, and modern design concepts are all UI development processes. 

UX and UI for apps
A Consistent Experience is a Better Experience in Apps.” 

Benefits of User Experience in Mobile Apps

For every consumer-driven software product, focusing on the UI and UX from the beginning and improving it throughout the development circles until production is critical. Improved UX offers numerous advantages, including the following:

1. Captivates Users

You only have a few seconds to have an impact on consumers when they launch your app. Only if your app’s design is appealing will they decide to keep using it. They’ll leave if not. Engagement is the next important thing to consider. Users will continue to use the app if they find it interesting. 

2. Get featured in the app store

The number of users who like an app determines whether it is excellent or not. Your mobile app will certainly get to the top of the rankings, thanks to positive customer reviews and ratings. So, make sure you provide users a superb UI/UX. Getting your app at the top of the list will instantly attract more users.  

3. Enhanced customers complacency & improved ROI:

When your app has an impressive design, it provides your consumers with engaging content and simple navigation, ensuring that they are happy with the services provided by your app. A satisfied consumer is more likely to promote your app to others, increasing customers. And, as a result, a higher return on investment for your company. 

4. App UI/UX design boosts your brand

When you invest in outstanding UI/UX design services, your consumers will be happier. Users want to stick with companies that make them feel good. The positive feedback from these satisfied clients will assist you in making the required modifications and improving your application.

A positive connection between your company and its consumers will boost your company’s credibility and brand value.  

5. Conserves time and cost:

If you invest in a fantastic UI/UX design, your customers are unlikely to encounter any problems or difficulties using your app. A quality product will not need regular updates, which will save you time and money. 

Better design for better UX
A Seamless Design Results in Better UX

How to Create User-Friendly Mobile Apps?

Below are the important aspects of UX/UI that you should work on to improve your mobile application’s appearance and functionality:

1. Maintain uniformity

Ensure that the design is consistent across the app. It should include not just icons and buttons but also colors and patterns. A consistent app design helps users get more comfortable with the app and makes it easier for them to engage.

2. Use conventional elements:

The usage of familiar elements in the app saves the user time and helps them use it without difficulty. Therefore, the user shouldn’t need any more instructions on how to use the app.

Elements like icons, buttons, colors, and symbols must be developed in the same manner as most apps. The faster a user gets to know your app, the more likely it is to be popular.

3. Make it as interesting as you can:

A more user-friendly app is interactive. Allowing users to engage with the app establishes a connection. Users may easily go from one window to the next in an interactive app. 

4. Design is straightforward

To improve users’ interests, the design of your app should give great services with little input. Customers are confused and frustrated by an app with a lot of clutter, so they leave it. On the other hand, customers will find it simpler to use the app if the navigation is simple.

We Bring Ideas to Life

Bringing ideas to life is what we do at Treinetic every day. As an experienced and leading software company, our talented UI/UX engineers can help you develop the best appealing design with carefully planned UX; Contact us today for more information.

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Do You Really Need Microservices ?

As of 2020, the software development industry keeps changing more than any other industry. Programming languages keep changing. Old programming languages like Java, C++, PHP getting new language features and syntax. For example, within the last 2 years, Java had 4 major updates while it took 5 years to release Java 7 after version 6. We as software developers would like to try new technologies. That is what makes us exciting and keep moving. Especially start-up companies always try to keep up with the new technologies and try them. Because unlike corporates start-up does not huge organizational structure.

Do you really need microservices?

My personal experience is a lot of small startup companies trying to adopt microservices architecture to their project just because it is the “NEW TREND”. If you ever google the word “microservices” you would lot of diagrams like this.

According to this diagram each hexagon is small web service with their own database. This looks simple. But the reality is far different from this diagram.

This is the microservices architecture diagram of Netflix. It has around 700 microservices running.

When you start with microservices architecture. You might have a user service that is responsible for handling user registration, login, and other user account-related activities. Then you will have an order service to handle user’s orders. So user order services probably need to know about the user details. Then you need a way to get those details from the user service. To accommodate that you might add an endpoint to the user service return user details and then order service can invoke that endpoint. When you developing in your local development environment you might run these 2 services in 2 different ports. So you know how to access each other. But in the cloud, you might run these services in 2 different instances. They have to discover each in the cloud environment. There are a lot of ways to do service discovery in microservices. You might get service discovery services by default depending on the platform you are using. But service discovery is another critical aspect you need to consider when developing microservices.

Another thing your services might go offline for some reasons. Then your other services that depend on the unavailable service should know how to handle the situation. So you might use Circuit Breaker to handle these situations. And then you need to decouple services as much as you can to avoid dependency between services. So you might use some type of messaging service or event bus to handle messages between services. Then you need to manage multiple databases that are being used by your services.

So what do I suggest?

Starting a microservices project with 2 to 3 developers is not the best idea. Because those developers need to lay the groundwork before start developing the functionalities. My opinion is for startup companies up and running project is far more important than the technology it uses. Being a startup company meaning is trying new ideas and projects. The reality is most of the projects won’t be successful. So the important thing is to get an up and running project and check the user’s feedback and based on that improve the architecture and technologies. Companies that use microservices like Netflix have thousands of employees so comparing a small startup with Netflix and decide to go with the technologies they use can be problematic.

Finally, if you have a well-designed monolithic system it much easier to migrate to microservices. If you think the project cannot be designed properly with a monolithic architecture. First, you need to figure out how to do that. Because If somebody cannot design a proper monolithic system. s/he definitely cannot design a microservices system.

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Software QA for a Small Organization

Quality assurance is a crucial process in software development that can never be ignored or concern as a peripheral task. But in many small-scale organizations, QA doesn’t treat as a significant function in the development process. There may be excusable causes like a limited number of human and physical resources, financial constraints, subjected to unrealistic deadlines, paucity of experienced experts, etc. What are the consequences that may be occurred if not follow an applicable quality assurance plan? Well, the reputation of your start-up or small-scale company might be ended up in a nightmare! or valuable clients will compel to drop out of your service, then find new development teams. To emerge as an unblemished software service provider you have to allocate an adequate budget for QA activities. 

What if outsourcing? Mmm…can you outsource all the QA activities? Simply you can outsource some of the testing activities! Thereafter the company missing all the resources and experience that can be gained by doing the testing themselves. Sometimes you have to hand over the testing to a third-party organization or certified firm when it needs specialized testing services like penetration testing! But before that, your firm has to finalize the functional testing as well as essential non-functional testing on your own. Usually, a company is outsourcing the processes which don’t belong to their main business activity. If you’re are a software development firm and trying to outsource QA / Testing activities, then you must be misleading. Especially if you are a small-scale one! 

It is not practical and be worth performing all of the quality assurance activities for a project, instead should select the appropriate tasks which may suitable for it. 

Android and IOS Application Quality Assurance at Treinetic

1. Shut the Stable Door BEFORE the Horse Escape (Defect Prevention):

It needs some expertise in various technologies and previous experience on similar projects. It is costly to remove the defects that can be found in the later stages in the SDLC than identifying them and recovering in pre-stages. Identify or guess the issues and take necessary actions to prevent those before the occurrence is an excellent practice in software quality assurance. Small firms do not maintain proper documentation due to the lack of human resources. Even though it doesn’t need to maintain heavy, ISO standard documents, it is better to maintain at least the following documents in the requirements stage to avoid the requirement mismatches later on. 

A. Requirement Clarity Index (RCI) – Express the requirements in detail, Indicate the understandable percentage.

B. Requirement Traceability Matrix – Trace the system requirements with test cases. This will ensure 100% test coverage & indicates the requirement missing.

I emphasize maintaining at least above mentioned 2 documents within the lifecycle to avoid the inconveniences (not only the defects) that may be occurred in later.

2. Double Check to Avoid Mistakes (Reviews):

QA Engineer or corresponding Developer has to REVIEW all the design documents against the client requirements. Because of the limited number of human resources, this may appear as a time-consuming task from the point of view of existing team members. It should not hold multiple hours of formal meetings for these reviews. Instead, QAE or Lead Developer may conduct an informal meeting with the stakeholders. It is better to rectify the issues at the same time if those can be resolved instantly. 

A. Review the high-level architectural design document/s, diagrams.

B. Review the data design documents (ex: ERD)

C. Review the object-oriented design diagrams (ex: Class, Sequence, State Transition)

These documents must be kept in a secured repository that is related to the project as well as pointed out in the traceability matrix document. Maintaining proper documentation is mandatory from the quality assurance perspective. Since the company is a small one, these documents might not comply with the ISO standards which can be a tolerable thing. 

3. Prevent While Batting (Code Reviews, Best Practices, TDD):

Software Quality Assurance in Treinetic

This is another compulsory task that is missed by a lot of small organizations due to the lack of time & resources. Code reviews will expose the errors that may cause faults in the later stages. A lot of them may be found in the testing stage as bugs/issues, but still could have been prevented, if done with the proper reviews.

Simple examples: 

A. Expected / Actual results mismatching in the boundary values, sometimes equivalent parts as well. These could be easily detected while doing the code reviews instead of letting them find in the functional testing.

B. Issues in the SQL statements, especially in the update queries when changing the values in the database tables.

C. Calculations issues, especially in the reports or in the formulas

D. Authorization issues after the authentication happen

E. Data validation issues

Code review meetings shall be conducted at least once a month for each project to check whether all are following the coding compliances. If found any mismatches or weaknesses in the source code they must be rectified by the developers at least before the next review meeting. Although it takes more time, it is better to encourage the developers to consider the system’s maintainability when they are doing the coding.

4. Exploratory Testing

Exploratory testing is an experienced-based testing technique which mostly used in Agile environments where test design and test execution happen simultaneously. Testers use their intuition on testing to explore the system at the testing stage instead of following pre-defined test cases. Yes, it needs experienced and responsible resources to do this since it’s more tends to follow the extraordinary scenarios and find the bugs within the system under test. This is more suitable when the requirements are being changed rapidly or the clear requirements are not available. Also, the testing time is very limited within the given sprint/iteration that forces to test quickly.

It is the responsibility of the QAE to collaboratively work with the developers when designing test cases. It may expose the issues that may be occurred in the production and allow developers to take necessary precautions. 

5. Defect Tracking and Defect Reviewing

Using a defect tracking tool is compulsory even if your team has 3,4 people. Also, everyone in the team must have the access to them. Although the main purpose of these tools is to track the issues with the necessary information, these can be used to reduce the defects in the forthcoming development iterations. Not all the issues, at least critical issues must be reviewed by the developers & testers, then take necessary steps to not to happen similar issues in the future iterations or the projects.

For an instance, if found a Manufacturer based or OS-based issue in a mobile app, better to list the issue in a checklist and make use of that checklist for future developments. Don’t let the testers detect it again!!! 

6. Finally, the Mindset of all

Company ownership should cultivate a ‘Quality Mindedness’ among all the team members from their appointment date, thereby convincing them to develop a quality product over a simply working product. Monitor the SDLC and bring forth a ‘Bug-Free’ product is not only a responsibility of the QA people but the developers as well. 

One good practice is pair programming where one developer is coding and a peer is reviewing, then exchange their roles. Trainees or junior developers should guide to inspect the source code that was written by the senior developers and make use of their good methodologies.

Well, don’t forget “Quality means doing it right when no one is looking” – Henry Ford

At Treinetic we follow a rigorous QA process to make sure all the products that we engineer are up to the best quality. Reach us today, and let’s discuss how we can help you to make a quality product by realizing your concept