Native VS Cross-Platform

Native VS Cross-Platform: What to Choose in 2022?

In this blog post, we’ll go through the two primary techniques for app development: native VS cross-platform development. Why? Because, as a result of technological advancements, our lives have grown more reliant on digital assets. We make the most important choices in our lives and organizations via the use of the Internet and mobile applications. Businesses have a hard time competing in the digital world because there are so many apps on the Play Store and App Store and they have limited exposure, skills, resources, and funds.

It is predicted that the yearly number of app downloads globally will reach 299 billion by 2023, an increase from the expected 247 billion global app downloads in 2020. In addition, by 2023, paid downloads and in-app advertising are expected to produce over $935 billion in income for mobile applications.

Mobile App Downloads in Billions
There’s a Rapid Increase in the Number of Mobile App Downloads

Because of the competitive environment, business owners are under constant pressure to place more emphasis on the quality, precision, functionality, and other factors that encourage prospective consumers to choose their services over alternatives. And it is at this time that we must decide between native VS cross-platform development methods. Businesses often face many difficulties, including deciding on the best technology to depend on, whether to use iOS or Android, and which app development framework would be the most effective in increasing client interaction.

What to Consider When Choosing a Methodology for Developing a Mobile Application

When deciding between native VS cross-platform development, we must first understand the factors to consider when selecting a mobile application development approach:

The complexity of the application

Cross-platform development is an excellent option if all your app does is utilize network-fetched data. In contrast, if your application needs extensive processing or access to low-level APIs, you might choose native development because cross-platform tools may not be able to access them. 

Cost

Native development delivers high-performance applications, yet it is time-consuming and expensive to develop. If you are working with a small budget, cross-platform development is the best option to consider. Because just a single codebase is created for an app that runs on both Android and iOS, you’ll save between 30 and 40% on development costs.

Time Required for Development

Getting an MVP app up and running as soon as possible is important in some projects. This is the point at which you should think about cross-platform development. You do not need to work on two different versions of the app. Creating an app for both Android and iOS requires just a single development cycle.

UI/UX

Native development is the way to go if you want stunning visuals and an engaging experience. When developing in a native environment, developers have access to the UI/UX components. Selecting cross-platform development may strictly limit the UI/UX elements of the program.

Native vs. Cross-Platform: What Is Native App Development?

Building a mobile app just for a single platform is referred to as “native app development.” In this case, programming languages and tools unique to a particular platform are used to create the app. For example, you can develop a native Android application using Java or Kotlin while developing iOS applications using Swift and Objective-C.

When comparing native VS cross-platform applications, native apps are renowned for providing a superior user experience because they are typically high-performing. Because the visuals are matched to the platform’s user experience, the overall user experience is seamless. On the other hand, startups are worried about the high cost of native app development. And that’s because they must simultaneously build for two platforms.

The Pros of Native Application Development

Increased Scalability

Native apps are scalable because of the resource management flexibility and the range of tools available.

High-performance and excellent user experience

The direct communication between the code and the underlying resources results in an excellent performance. Additionally, native applications often offer a superior user experience (UX) that is synonymous with the platform.

Broad Functionality

If you’re working on a platform, you’ll have access to every API and tool that it has to offer. According to the current state of technology, there are no restrictions on how programmers develop the new app. 

Improved Support in Store

Generally speaking, native apps are simpler to publish, and they are often placed higher in the platform’s app store since they provide superior performance and speed.

The Cons of Native App Development

Costly

When you need to publish your app on both iOS and Android, developing native applications might be outrageously costly. Because of this, you’ll need to deploy two teams that will work on separate platforms.

Time-consuming

Because the work done on one platform cannot be repeated on another, native app development is time-consuming. Rather, a different team will be required to work on the other version.

Native App Development Pros and Cons
Native App Development Pros and Cons

What Is Cross-Platform App Development and How Does It Work?

Because we have already reviewed native app development in today’s subject of native VS cross-platform, let’s take a closer look at cross-platform development now.

Cross-platform development refers to developing an application that is compatible with several platforms. This is accomplished via the use of technologies such as React Native, Xamarin, and Flutter, which allow the applications built to be published on both Android and iOS devices.

While cross-platform development saves time and money, there is a danger that quality may be compromised in the process. The implementation of an app that operates ideally on several platforms is complex, as the app will need an extra abstraction layer when running. This can result in decreased performance.

Cross-platform programming is more attractive to startups since it saves time and money. Nonetheless, it would help if you were mindful of the fact that it may be more difficult to correct the app beyond what is permitted by the framework.

The Pros of Cross-Platform Application Development

‍Less Costly

An application that runs on several platforms will need just one development team rather than two, as in the case of a native app. As a result, you will save money on the development costs.

Faster Development ‍

When developing an application that operates on various platforms, just a single development cycle is necessary.

Single Code Base 

There is just one code base for the app since it was developed using a single cross-platform development tool.

The Cons of Cross-Platform Application Development

An app that runs more slowly

Because of the need for an extra abstraction layer and rendering process, the cross-platform application is much slower than its native equivalent.

Limited Functionality

Developers may probably have problems accessing smartphone features such as the microphone, camera, and geolocation in the same manner that a native app would.

Limited UX 

Cross-platform applications are unable to make use of native user interface components. As a result, it cannot provide the same user interface experience that is familiar with the platform.

Cross-Platform App Development Pros and Cons
Cross-Platform App Development Pros and Cons

Native VS Cross-Platform: Which One to Choose?

Choose wisely, since your choice will influence how much it will cost, how long it will take to develop, and how consumers react to the application. Before making a decision, consider all of the factors listed above. If you’re still not sure which to choose between native and cross-platform, here are some additional tips:

When Should You Think About Developing a Native App?

  • It is more likely that your target audience will be using your app for the first time, and you want to make a good first impression by providing them with the best possible app experience.
  • It is necessary to code specifically for a single platform.
  • You are one of the businesses interested in 3D games and animations.
  • You want to gain many daily active users (DAUs), pursue venture capital investors for product financing, and design an app that is simple to understand yet intuitive to use.
  • It is necessary to include device-specific features like GPS, a camera, etc.

When Should You Consider Developing a Cross-Platform Application?

  • You have a tight budget, limited time, and limited resources, and you must develop a mobile application on many platforms.
  • It would help target both iOS and Android app users in your marketing efforts.
  • You need a more rapid app development process.
  • The app isn’t complicated, and it doesn’t need any features that differ significantly across platforms.

So, you can choose between native and cross-platform based on the scenarios explained above.

Our final thoughts

As an award-winning software engineering company, we know that there are advantages and disadvantages to both native and cross-platform app development. To choose an app development platform between native VS cross-platform, it is necessary to determine the exact business criteria that must be met. Before selecting an app development platform, IT business managers must determine exactly what they want. This is why you need to think about both the short and long term when making your decision.

Business plan for mobile app

How to Write a Business Plan for a Mobile App?

You’re probably looking for some guidelines on how to write a business plan for an app. Congratulations! You have found the most comprehensive guide on how to write a business plan for a mobile app. Ideation, planning, and execution are all important steps to consider. These are the cornerstones of every project’s success, and they are interconnected. In the rapidly shifting world of information technology, it is hard to predict success with 100% certainty. However, if you devote enough time and effort to each of these cornerstones, your chances of reaching the top will increase significantly.

On the other hand, some business people choose to ignore creating a business plan for a mobile app. These people think that practice is a better way to get the results they want. They hope that spontaneous decisions will help them get to the top of the manufacturers’ list. Unfortunately, this sort of approach never delivers positive results. It’s important to remember that having a plan is the best way to be successful. So, let’s go further into creating a business plan for a mobile app.

What is the importance of having a business plan for a mobile app?

The market for mobile apps is expanding at a rapid pace. Getting into the game before the market gets too crowded is becoming more common.

According to Statista, worldwide mobile app revenues reached more than 365 billion U.S. dollars in 2018. According to projections, paid downloads and in-app advertising are expected to produce more than 935 billion dollars in mobile apps by 2023.

Mobile app revenue growth
Mobile App Revenue Growth in the Coming Years 

Creating a useful and successful app isn’t as simple as you may assume, despite how attractive it seems. The first step toward a successful launch should be creating a business plan for a mobile app. 

A thorough business plan for the smartphone app is a guide for everyone participating in the project. It also tells you how to get the app out into the world in the most profitable way. The process of creating a successful mobile app business plan is rather simple. When you write a business plan, you’ll get a clear picture of your app, as well as information about how to market and finance it.

What are the components of a business plan for a mobile app?

The most important issue to address in a business plan is whether or not the product is profitable to produce. When drafting a business plan for a mobile app, you’ll need to estimate the cost of development and commissioning as well as the timeline for when your project will provide a return on investment.

Creating a reliable and stable mobile application for enterprises, individuals, or non-profit organizations should be your goal in this case. Only then will your app be competitive. Your business plan for a mobile app must have the following:

 – Business plan for mobile app: Executive Summary

The executive summary is the first thing we will look at now. This is the first and most crucial section in your business plan for a mobile app since it is the first thing an investor will see and read. There should be no detailed information about how your product works in the executive summary form, so it should be simple and clear. Your executive summary should include information on the current market situation, your target client, and what unique problems your application can address.

Business plan or a mobile app - executive summary
The Must-Include Elements of the Executive Summary 

Make your proposal unique so that your company stands out from the rest. Put another way, it would be best to create a unique value proposition (UVP.) Put yourself in your investor’s shoes and imagine that your executive summary is the trailer for a movie, with your investor as the audience member. Would they be interested in seeing your movie?

Make a list of your objectives. Base your objectives on your business analysis. Investors will be looking to see if your goals align with their requirements. You’ll also need to figure out your exit strategy’s ultimate aim. To increase your company’s attractiveness, prepare a list of your financial needs and how the funds will be utilized. One of the most critical aspects of developing a startup business plan for your mobile app is ensuring that the process is as transparent as possible at every level.

– Business description

Starting with a description of your company and concluding with a summary of your mobile app idea, this section of your business plan for a mobile app helps introduce your business. This part will show investors what your company stands for and your mission is. It will also show them how you see your product and what you think are the most important factors for your success. Investors need to know this information now more than ever.

– An overview of the company

Here is where you should describe your company, covering the following points:

  • Type of business structure
  • Your company’s history
  • Location of your company
  • Team/remote team
  • Problem
  • Mission
  • Statement of the concept

Focus on the present situation of your project’s processes, such as the feedback from investors and lenders, in your mission statement. Defining how things are now while focusing on the future and your motivation in the vision statement are key components of the mission statement.

– The company’s history

In this section, you should describe the history of your business, the formation of your team, and how you came up with your idea. It’s also a good idea to talk about the main stages of your company’s growth and the experience that comes before the product goes on the market.

– Your team

Because your app development team is the core of the project, the team section of the company description is often the most significant section describing the company. Names, positions, job experience, and duties within the company should be included for each individual on your list of employees. You may also form a committee to assist you in making critical choices. It would help if you had experts on your committee who have previous industry expertise.

Analysis of the market

When it comes to bringing your app concept to life, information regarding the market’s current status should be your primary consideration. You should know what’s going on in your industry, have the most up-to-date information, and make a short-term strategy. In other words, you should have a market analysis in place. This part of your business plan shows how well your project will work.

– Market forecasts

When writing a business plan for a mobile app, forecasting is essential. Whether it’s for application development or a software startup, any business plan will benefit from forecasts from credible research organizations such as Nielsen, Forrester, etc. Besides that, you can include statistics on the growth of mobile application businesses and the amount of money invested.

A realistic market for your product, a sufficient number of consumers in a market, and, therefore, the willingness of those customers to spend a sufficient amount of money to have their issues solved are your primary objectives in doing market research. Determine whether or not the consumer believes that your unique application fulfills a requirement.

– SWOT analysis

Using a SWOT analysis, which is a kind of strategic planning, you can provide a structured description of your situation and identify opportunities and threats. Using SWOT analysis, you may investigate products, businesses, regions, and even whole countries. SWOT analysis is an acronym that stands for:

  • Strengths
  • Weaknesses
  • Opportunities
  • Threats

It’s very natural for a company to have flaws, and being aware of possible issues will serve as a powerful drive for finding answers and minimizing any risks your company may be required to take.

Marketing strategy

To get your product into the hands of your consumers, you need a solid marketing strategy in place. This requires convincing investors that you really have such a winning marketing plan. If you want to be successful with your mobile application, you need to use the following marketing strategies:

– Research the target audience

The first stage is to attract your target audience by identifying a specific group of consumers to whom you want to market your product or service. Demography, habits, online behavior, and lifestyle should be used to figure out who this target audience is. Analyze how your ideal client will interact with your app.

– Competition research is important

Competitor research is a critical component of business analysis. This information will assist you in highlighting the characteristics that separate you from your rivals and improve your processes and resolve problems in your marketplace.

– Create a landing page

A landing page for your mobile application can assist you in expanding your target audience as well as informing users about new features and upgrades to the app itself. Include the application’s name, a description of its capabilities, promotional videos, and other pertinent information on your page.

– App rating

If you want your app to show up higher in search results in the app stores, you need to improve it. For example, you can speed up the load time of your mobile app. A high ranking in search results will draw people’s attention to who could become customers.

– Product growth

There are many different approaches to growing their user base when it comes to app startups. In addition, each firm has its own business plan for entering new sectors. It only makes sense to launch a major advertising campaign, for example, in areas where customers are aware of your product or service benefits. Uber and Houseparty are two examples of apps that have done well with big marketing campaigns.

Business plan for mobile app - marketing strategy
Business Plan for Mobile App – Marketing Strategy

Financials

At long last, the moment has arrived when you can move on to the financial section of your business plan for the mobile app. Before you can go further, you need to know exactly what type of funding you’ll need. Furthermore, a prospective investor should understand the funding requirements when reading this section of your business plan for the mobile app.

Every major forecasted model is included in the financial model, typically a three- to five-year projection of all major forecasted models. These models include profit and loss statements, cash flow statements, balance sheets, start tables, and valuations. If you want to accurately assess the real cost of your assets and distribute them most efficiently, your financial record must have the following components: 

– Startup costs or funding required

Communicate with your investors about the expected cost of the project. Because such figures are subject to fluctuation, we recommend setting reasonable estimates and allowing for unexpected costs.

Costs of all kinds:

  • One-time cost
  • The costs that occur regularly (regular expenses, for example, rent and insurance)
  • Costs that are fixed (costs that will remain the same regardless of the state of your business)
  • Costs that are subject to change (e.g., salaries).

– Developing a monetization strategy

The following are some of the most prevalent methods of monetizing an application:

  • Advertising
  • Charging for the application: If your business model calls for a paid application, you must persuade the customer why they should pay and what they will be receiving in exchange for their money.
  • In-app purchases: This is a common way to make money with iOS and Android apps.
  • Using subscriptions to generate revenue is a common monetization approach, and it works until the user chooses to cancel the subscription. Most subscription applications provide an onboarding time or a free trial period.
Mobile app monetization
Mobile App Monetization Strategies

Monetization is a critical component when developing a business plan for mobile apps. To learn more about mobile app monetization, we recommend reading our thorough mobile app monetization guide.

Treinetic’s final thoughts on a business plan for mobile apps

Some people get very excited about ideas but don’t know how to make them real. They learn that mobile apps are profitable, so they learn mobile-related languages and frameworks. Then they try to do something they don’t know how to do. It’s as if they’ve already failed before they’ve even begun.

However, the steps outlined here should help you build a more successful app development plan. The fundamentals are monetization, financial metrics, and determining what makes your product stand out from the competition.

Offshore Developers Rates

Offshore Developers Rates | The Most Comprehensive Guide

To save money, you can outsource software development to a team of programmers in another country using modern technology. But you will need to better understand offshore developers rates for budgeting requirements. Offshoring also gives you access to a larger pool of talent from across the world. On the other hand, the typical cost of software development services varies substantially from country to country. When it comes to product development, several variables influence pricing. These include factors like the technology stack developers use, their experience, and the hiring method.

An analysis of offshore software development rates by country and level of experience will be presented in this post. Also, we give some advice on how to recruit offshore developers properly. We’ll be utilizing credible sources: SalaryExpert, Indeed, PayScale, Upwork, Toptal, and ourselves—YouTeam, a marketplace for on-demand engineering staff augmentation.

The Benefits of Hiring Offshore Developers in 2021

In addition to lower offshore developers rates, if you employ offshore developers, you will benefit from the following benefits:

  • Access to a large pool of IT talent. According to the Wall Street Journal, employers in the US had over 918,000 vacant IT positions in 2019. If your company is one of these, outsourcing may be a viable option.
  • There are no hidden fees. You just pay for the services since offshore software development is done remotely. Insurance, office space rent, incentives, and other fees become the responsibility of offshore developers or an intermediary agency.
  • You’ll have more time to devote to your project. Employees who work from home save time commuting and may devote that time to the project.

Offshore developers rates according to country/region overview

It would be best if you always kept in mind that typical offshore developer rates might fluctuate greatly from the accurate pricing of software development services, which is why:

  • When calculating the average rate, it considers the costs of various technologies. And some of which are more common and less costly than others.
  • Because developers with decent English, communication skills, and a proactive attitude are constantly in demand, they are paid more than the average.
  • The average cost is a combination of the rates of junior and senior developers, with the first group accounting for the lion’s share of the market. Employing a junior developer is less expensive than hiring a senior developer, which is a good thing for saving money. However, because the vast majority of the developers are junior developers, the average cost will be skewed somewhat in favor of the cost of a junior developer unless the data is appropriately weighted. 

And we tried to be as accurate as possible in this post about how much an experienced developer willing to work on international projects would cost at an hourly rate. We hope you find it beneficial.

Offshore Developers Rates by Region
Offshore Developers Rates by Region

Let’s now examine the market processes that have contributed to the present situation of the global software development industry.

Offshore developers rates and the current situation in the IT hiring market

Senior software engineers are in high demand among startups in the United States of America. A job opportunity for a junior or even medium post is quite unlikely. Many factors may be at play, including the requirement for excellent leaders in each function and the demand for startups to perform quickly to thrive in a changing market. Due to a lack of resources, it is hard to employ and manage a large development team or even get financing rounds that open up new possibilities. A similar trend exists in Western Europe (particularly Germany and the Netherlands), where many European startups are located.

There is a high demand for senior engineers in these regions and a limited supply, resulting in higher compensation and fierce competition for available resources. Most startups will have to hunt for workers in countries with lower living expenses if large corporations can afford to pay the highest rates. As a result, Eastern Europe, Latin America, Asia, and Africa have gained a reputation as offshore software development hotspots.

Last year, however, the whole world entered a new, pandemic-related digital age marked by rapid technological innovation. The ever-increasing tech trend has resulted in a massive demand for software development services in recent years. There was a talent shortage even in offshore outsourcing locations. It’s becoming more difficult to find an engineer with the right tech stack and 5–8 years of expertise. As a result, offshore development rates have risen to unprecedented heights. Let’s take a closer look at it.

How Did Offshore Software Development Rates Change Over Time?

This post was initially published on our blog in early 2020. However, since market circumstances are continuously changing, we periodically update this blog post. And in this latest version of the post, we compare the rates we previously mentioned to the current market pricing for software development.

Market circumstances change regularly. Offshore developer rates have risen by more than 7% for virtually all technologies since 2020, which is not surprising. In the case of senior developers, the percentage is much higher at 10%.

The technologies with the most dramatic rise were React Native, ReactJS, Python, Ruby on Rails, NodeJS, Java, and PHP. In comparison to the previous year, these developers received a payout rise of up to 15%.

Offshore Development Hourly Rates by Region in 2021

This section will give you an overview of the regions and offshore development rates by country so that you can make an informed choice when hiring from abroad. Eastern Europe, Latin America, Asia, and Africa will be discussed. To properly compare offshore software development rates with domestic software development rates, let’s first look at rates in Western Europe and the US, the two regions where the greatest demand for offshore software development services exists.

Software Development Rates in Western Europe and North America in 2021

According to Indeed.com, as of 2021, the average basic hourly wage for a software engineer in the United States is $46.32 per hour. This number may change based on various factors, including expertise, technology, and geographic location. Here are some state-by-state examples of rates:

Offshore Developers Rates Hourly - USA
Average Salary Per Hour in the USA

Similarly, rates vary per country in Western Europe, for example:

Offshore Developers Rates - Europe
Average Hourly Rates in Europe

Let’s look at the rates in offshore countries now.

Offshore Development in Eastern Europe in 2021

Offshore Developers Rates - Eastern Europe

Eastern European nations such as Ukraine, Belarus, Poland, and Romania are now among the top worldwide software development hubs, according to a study conducted in January 2019 by AVentures Capital, Aventis Capital, and Capital Times. IT exports from these countries totaled about $13 billion.

The Czech Republic, Hungary, Bulgaria, Croatia, Serbia, and Moldova are important contenders in this area.

Here are some other statistics on the situation of the IT sector in Eastern Europe:

  • The profit of the 477 IT businesses that took part in the study was $5 billion.
  • The yearly number of graduates from technical institutions is 60,000.
  • In the region, revenue growth is expected to be between 20 and 25 percent every year.

According to Coursera’s Global Skills Index 2020, Belarus, Ukraine, the Czech Republic, Poland, and Hungary ranked first in the technology category, including security engineering, operating systems, software engineering, databases, and computer networking and human-computer interactions. There are also several Eastern European countries, like Belarus, Hungary, and the Czech Republic, that have risen to global prominence in data science, including skills like Python and SQL.

Offshore Software Development in Ukraine in 2021

Ukraine has been attracting international investors since the late 1990s and early 2000s, when the first software outsourcing businesses began to develop due to its convenient location in the heart of Europe. Given the current situation of the IT sector in the country, the following statistics and information are available:

  • According to Ukraine’s State Statistics Service, IT service exports from Ukraine increased by 15% in 2019. It now accounts for 16 percent of total service exports, worth $15.23 billion to the country. Ukraine’s IT exports were expected to top $5 billion in 2020.
  • According to HackerRank test results, Ukrainian developers are ranked 11th in the world in terms of programming capabilities. More than 85% of IT workers have at least a basic command of the English language.
  • In Ukraine, there were over 160,000 IT experts engaged at almost 4,000 IT enterprises as of 2019. By 2021, the number of IT experts will have risen well above 200,000.
  • The IT sector in the country is increasing at a rate of roughly 26% per year.

According to the rankings of offshore development rates by country, Ukraine has a lot to offer when outsourcing software development.

Poland as an Offshore Development Destination

Poland is one of the most costly nations to outsource software development in the Eastern European region. It is also one of the region’s most secure and stable economies. The Polish government is a staunch supporter of the IT sector. As a result, numerous major firms, including Google, Intel, and Siemens, established R & D operations in Poland.

This country’s membership in the European Union is one of its most valuable assets. As a result, it is particularly appealing to Western European businesses that share legal and geographical space.

In addition to its own IT graduates, Poland is continually expanding its talent pool by headhunting the brightest engineers from Ukraine. Many software outsourcing firms operate in the Polish and Ukrainian markets, allowing engineers to quickly transfer to nations with lower living and software development rates.

Eastern European Software Engineer Hourly Rates in 2021

When a company is looking for a long-term partner, the cost of development is critical. An important consideration when considering an outsourced location is the ability to establish trusting working relationships with your developers. For your convenience, we merged the average hourly pay for software developer talent in various Eastern European nations with the World Bank’s assessment of political stability and ease of doing business.

Offshore Developers' Rates - Eastern Europe
Developers Average Hourly Rates in Eastern Europe

Software Engineers’ Average Hourly Rates in Eastern Europe in 2021

As previously said, when a company is hunting for a long-term collaboration, the cost of development is quite crucial to consider. At the same time, the capacity to establish trusting connections with your offshore developers is an even more important factor to consider when selecting an outsourcing region. For your convenience, we integrated the average hourly pay for software development talent in other Eastern European nations with a World Bank score of political stability and ease of doing business.

Latin America’s Offshore Development in 2021

Offshore Developers Rates - Latin America

According to IDC, despite political instability and poor economic growth, the Latin American IT market will rise in 2021. The IT market was expected to grow by 4.8 percent in 2020, according to Ricardo Villate, vice president of the regional consultancy. According to IDC, business expenditure on 3D printing, cloud, AR/VR, AI, IoT, security, and robots has increased.

According to Coursera, Argentina and Chile are among the top 30 countries in the world for data science (Machine Learning, Data Management, Data Visualization, and Statistical Programming).

Offshore Software Development in Brazil in 2021

In Latin America and South America, Brazil is one of the top software outsourcing countries. According to a previous survey by Agile Engine, Brazil has the most software developers in the region, with over 400,000. The Tholons Services Globalization Index 2019 ranks Brazil second among the world’s top 50 digital countries. In 2021, the average hourly wage for a software engineer in Brazil was $44.

Latin America’s Top-Performing Outsourcing Destinations

Engineers are often sought from outside Brazil, even though Brazil is South America’s largest country. And, as a result, has the region’s largest pool of available workers. The basic explanation for this is that Brazil is the only country in the world where the majority of the population speaks Portuguese. While the rest of the continent speaks Spanish, it’s simpler for enterprises to extend their recruiting to several nations because their foreign engineers will be able to communicate with one another in their native language.

Mexico, close to the United States, is one of the most preferred nations for nearshore software development. Why? Because its engineers are accustomed to dealing with US customers and have a thorough understanding of their corporate culture.

Argentina and Panama are the second and third offshore development nations in the area that we wish to highlight.

  • As per the same analysis by Agile Engine, Argentina is rated 14th among the top software outsourcing nations and second in the region. According to the Tholons Services Globalization Index 2019, it is also the tenth most digitally advanced country.
  • According to the World Bank Group, Panama has been one of the fastest-growing global economies in recent years, with great technological advancement in the IT business.

Average Developer Hourly Rate by Country in Latin America in 2021

According to the most recent statistics, the average annual wage for software developers in Latin American nations is greater than in Eastern Europe; however, stability ratings are lower.

Offshore Developer's Rates - Latin America
Developers Average Hourly Rates in Latin America

Offshore Software Development in Asia in 2021

Offshore Developers Rates - Asia

Offshore development rates are very reasonable in Asia compared to other regions. As a pioneer in software outsourcing, Asia has the largest number of offshore software developers of any region. This figure was around 3 million in India alone in 2018.

China is also an appealing offshore development destination. Across all HackerRank challenges, Chinese developers come out on top. The Chinese government provides economic incentives to the IT industry. More than 50 scientific and technological industry parks have since been established around the country.

Cebu City in the Philippines has the fastest-growing IT sector, with over 200 offshore enterprises and 95,000 tech jobs available. In the Tholons Services Globalization Index 2019, the Philippines is ranked 5th among the top 50 digital countries, with Manila as the world’s second-largest metropolis.

Offshore Software Development in India in 2021

According to the Tholons Services Globalization Index 2019, India is one of Asia’s leading software outsourcing countries and a top digital nation. One of the most cost-effective ways to outsource web development is through Indian software development companies. More than 100,000 IT professionals graduate from the country’s technical institutions each year. As of 2016, India was ranked second in the world for the number of STEM graduates, with 2.6 million. In India, the developer’s average hourly wage is $30.

On the other hand, there have been cases in India where junior developers eager to get started in their careers leveraged themselves with the lowest pay rates possible. Under such low pay rates, under-skilled developers working on complex projects have made those projects fail.

Offshore Developers Hourly Rates by Country in Asia in 2021

Other Asian nations’ offshore development rates for 2021 are as follows:

Offshore Developers' Rates - Asia
Developers Average Hourly Rates in Asia

Offshore Software Development in Africa in 2021

Offshore Developers Rates - Africa

Although Africa’s IT outsourcing sector is still in its early stages, it has already shown fast development and is drawing international customers. The growing number of young people in the region would increase the demand for high-quality service sector employment. The country will soon be among the finest places to outsource software development.

  • It has swiftly become a prominent outsourcing destination because of its time zone consistency with Europe and a short time difference with New York, as well as North Africa, notably Egypt, Morocco, and Tunisia. Furthermore, because of their similar language, Morocco and Tunisia draw consumers from France. Python, Ruby, and SQL are just a few of the technologies that North African programmers are familiar with.
  • Due to minor time zone variations and good English, German, and Dutch competency, South Africa is another attractive option. The Tholons recognize the region as a Digital Nation and a Super City to top it all off. And South African developers are comparatively fluent in C++, PHP and SQL.
  • Africa’s east Kenya has a disproportionately high number of programmers. This may be because Nairobi acts as a hub for international businesses to reach Africa.Thousands of Kenyan enterprises call Nairobi home. And the city’s infrastructure fosters technological innovation among emerging firms and startups. East Africans are reputed for their skills in working with Java, SQL and in Mobile Development.

Despite this, African nations have the lowest worldwide skill rankings.

Offshore Development Rates by Country in Africa in 2021

According to a recent study, the hourly pay of a software developer in Africa is much lower than in any other outsourcing market. However, you will pay a larger price in terms of risk since this region has the lowest stability index.

offshore developers' hourly rates - Africa
Developers Average Hourly Rates in Africa

Sri Lanka as an outsourcing destination 

Sri Lanka has risen to the top of the list of outsourcing destinations for knowledge-based projects. And this because of huge tax benefits, a booming GDP, and favorable trade relations. When it comes to high-quality software products, Sri Lanka has developed and established a reputation for excellence. The National Outsourcing Association has recognized and shortlisted Sri Lanka several times as the “Offshore Destination of the Year.”

The IT industry in Sri Lanka has been one of the most robust throughout the COVID-19 crisis, with exports growing at an annual rate of 8%. Over 300 Sri Lankan software businesses exist now, accounting for 90% of the country’s IT exports. Sri Lanka has long been regarded as a center for the worldwide IT and business process outsourcing (BPO) industries. The IT/BPO industry accounts for 13.2% of service exports, behind the textile and tourism sectors. Sales have surpassed the $1 billion US mark. 

Moreover, because of Sri Lanka’s high literacy rate, the country’s information technology industry has emerged as the most efficient, competent, and financially appealing sector, among many others. For more than a decade, Sri Lanka ranked first among the countries in the South Asian area in terms of outsourced development. Moreover, it was the preferred destination for many US, European, and Australian corporations looking to outsource development.

The advantages of employing Sri Lankan software developers

The following are some of the factors that contribute to Sri Lanka’s popularity as an outsourcing destination:

  • Global Services Magazine has named it as one of the top 10 emerging global destinations.
  • The National Outsourcing Association has recognized Sri Lanka as the “Offshore Destination of the Year” for many consecutive years.
  • It is one of the top six offshore service destinations in the Asia-Pacific, according to Gartner’s ranking of the world’s leading destinations for offshore services.
  • In 2017, the A.T. Kearney Global Services Location Index (GSLI) ranked Sri Lanka as the 11th most desirable location for financial attractiveness, people skills and availability, and business environment.
  • According to the IBM Global Location Trends Report, the country ranks 12th among the top-ranking destinations.

Quality is also a trademark of Sri Lanka’s well-versed IT business. As a result, Sri Lanka has established a reputation for greater software product quality compared to other offshore outsourcing destinations due to a consistent stream of product deliveries over time.

Furthermore, outsourcing these development projects to Sri Lanka improves efficiency and competitiveness. 

Hourly Rates for Developers in 2021, based on Technology and Experience

Treinetic has compiled data on the average hourly cost of software development depending on technology (e.g., NET, JavaScript, Python, etc.) Because the data in the table below is compiled from several outsourcing organizations and hundreds of developer profiles from across the globe, it provides a fair depiction of software development pricing.

Offshore Developers Rates Based on Technology
Offshore Developers Rates Based on Technology

Treinetic’s final thoughts on offshore developers rates  

It might not be easy to find a team of software engineers for your project. This is very relevant for those in the United States or Western Europe looking for IT talent in their area. Finding suitable individuals at an affordable price may take a long time. If you are new to remote hiring, it is crucial to learn about the best nations to outsource software development and offshore software development rates by country.

To give you an idea, here’s what you’d pay a mid-level developer in an offshore region:

  • $24-$35 in Asia
  • $30-$40 per hour in Eastern Europe
  • $30-$47 per hour in Latin America.
  • $22–$30 in Africa.

The lower cost of living in offshore countries is responsible for this inequality in income. Although you will often obtain the same quality as local experts, you must be cautious when selecting a place to outsource software development services. If you want to speed up the development process and minimize unforeseen costs, you can employ an award-winning offshore development team

Please get in touch with us immediately. And we’ll be pleased to provide you with additional information about managing outsourced development.

Scrum vs. Kanban

Scrum vs. Kanban | What are the Differences?

When it comes to implementing an agile development or project management system, “Kanban vs. Scrum” is a hot topic. In contrast to Scrum’s structured, short work sprints, Kanban’s methodologies are more fluid and undisrupted.

The differences between scrum and kanban practices are simple to point out, but the demarcation between them are obscure. Even though the practices change, the principles are essentially the same. Both frameworks will assist you in developing better products and services while experiencing fewer problems.

Scrum vs. Kanban: What are the Differences?

Because both Scrum and Kanban come under the Agile methodology umbrella, they are excellent frameworks for breaking down bigger, more complicated projects into manageable portions. Let’s compare the two to address the Scrum vs. Kanban debate.

When discussing Scrum vs. Kanban and their differences, we must first understand them separately.

What exactly is Scrum?

Known as the Scrum project management framework, it is used to implement the Agile project management methodology. This is a common approach for projects that demand fast development, testing, and release of products.

The Scrum framework divides a project into short sprints of usually one to four weeks. At the end of each sprint, a Scrum team, usually led by a Scrum master, strives to produce an increment. As part of the Scrum methodology, teams gather daily for daily Scrum (standup meetings) to review progress and improve collaboration.

What is a Scrum Board?

A Scrum Board is a management and monitoring tool used to manage and monitor your Scrum project. Visualizing your product backlog, assigning items to your sprint backlog, and seeing how work is moving in your current sprint are all made easier by this tool.

Though they might be physical boards with sticky notes or cards attached, most Scrum Boards are digital and present in many project management systems.

According to Procurify, a purchasing software start-up based in Canada, organizing their sprints with the help of a collaborative platform saved them 70% of their time. Also, with the ability to see each other’s work, team members can cooperate with people from various departments.

Scrum vs. Kanban - Scrum Board
The Scrum Board for Project Management and Monitoring

Some advantages and disadvantages of using the Scrum approach and Scrum Boards to manage your projects are as follows:

Advantages:

  • Rectifying mistakes and avoiding future problems is possible.
  • A transparent process is made available to clients, who may follow it from beginning to end.
  • The ability to measure and evaluate the individual performances of each team member. 
  • In part because of its simplicity, Scrum helps to cut off some costs that would have been inevitable if an alternative agile approach had been followed.
  • Because of the short sprints and regular feedback, it is convenient to make changes.
  • As the process becomes more flexible, you can make changes at any point in the process.

Disadvantages:

  • Because it is iterative in nature, it needs constant feedback from the team to enhance the process.
  • To accomplish this process, the team must have a high level of confidence in one another. If the governance is very rigorous, the project as a whole may fail.
  • It does not have a predetermined time limit or cost valuation, which may require numerous sprints to produce an artifact.
  • Team members can be  under increased pressure, and they might have to devote a significant amount of time to project development.
  • It is difficult for a team member to leave throughout the procedure.
  • Scope creep may occur if no deadline is specified.

What exactly is Kanban?

To understand the difference between Scrum vs. Kanban, let’s see what Kanban is.

Kanban is another prominent Agile framework that has gained popularity recently. Unlike Scrum, however, Kanban is less time-based and is focused instead on managing the volume of work in process (WIP).

To guarantee a continual flow of productivity, the Kanban framework was created to ensure that no one on the team is overworked or overburdened. It assists project teams in reducing bottlenecks, increasing efficiency, improving quality, and increasing total productivity, among other things.

What is a Kanban Board, and how does it work?

“Planned,” “In Progress,” and “In Review” are all presented on a traditional Kanban planning board or chalkboard. After that, each delivery is put down on a sticky note and assigned to the appropriate status. The sticky note moves across the project status whiteboard as the deliverable progresses through the phases.

Scrum vs. Kanban - Kanban Board
An Illustration of the Kanban Board

The following are some advantages and disadvantages of utilizing Kanban as the development framework to manage your projects:

Advantages:

  • It assists in pushing work that is often “stuck” through to completion.
  • It’s simple to set up and put into action anywhere.
  • Workers’ workloads are clearly visible and readily adjustable.
  • It’s excellent for categorizing tasks according to who is doing them.
  • It is particularly well suited for deliverables whose status is heavily reliant on the state of the other.
  • You can rapidly assess and analyze the overall productivity of your team.

Disadvantages:

  • Because there are no time limitations, the delivery of deliverables may be more unhurried.
  • If the team is underperforming, and it is not immediately obvious to the Kanban lead, the project may easily end up in a disaster.
  • Outdated Kanban boards may harm productivity.
  • When working with the classic whiteboard organizing scheme, it might be difficult to distinguish between real work and the board itself.

Kanban vs. Scrum: What are the differences?

It is important to note that Kanban and Scrum are both project frameworks designed to assist teams in adopting the Agile methodology, values, and principles. As a result, they share several characteristics. Process improvement, team collaboration, and breaking projects down into smaller and more manageable portions are all encouraged by both frameworks.

However, when comparing Scrum vs. Kanban, we can observe that the two methodologies take quite different approaches to implementing these ideas. Five critical ways that Kanban and Scrum differ are listed below:

Scrum vs. Kanban Roles and responsibilities

There are clearly defined duties and expectations for each of the three specific roles in the Scrum methodology.

Scrum masters serve as facilitators and coaches for the team. Their role is to assist in removing bottlenecks and ensure that the team continues to move ahead on the proper course.

Product owners are in charge of developing the product roadmap and ensuring that the demands and preferences of consumers are accurately translated into functional product features.

Scrum team members are responsible for the majority of the project’s work. They are a self-managed team that is responsible for the preparation, execution, and evaluation of project sprints and their results, among other things.

Kanban does not prescribe roles in the same way that Scrum does. Team members should maintain their current roles and responsibilities according to one of the four Kanban principles. This notion holds that teams will more quickly accept the framework if they are not required to worry about changing job titles and descriptions. So, this is a major difference to highlight when reviewing Scrum vs. Kanban.

Scrum vs. Kanban: Delegation and prioritization

Delegation and prioritization are important factors to consider when comparing Scrum vs. Kanban. Scrum is a project management methodology built on the principle of self-managed teams. Because they represent the client’s demands, the product owner may eventually have the last say on which features or tasks are prioritized on the product backlog (a list of all the features, tasks, and work that has to be done on the project). However, the whole team contributes to the decision of which tasks will be done in a sprint.

Similarly, Scrum team members often have complete autonomy when doing their tasks within a given sprint. They have control over which things they work on. However, it is possible that those decisions can be affected by collective decisions at scrum meetings. And when they work on them, as long as everything is completed by the end of the sprint.

Even though Kanban supports cooperation and leadership at all levels, it does not embrace the self-managed team to the same extent as Scrum does. The fact that Kanban encourages teams to preserve their prior responsibilities means that previous team configurations often govern how delegation is handled.

A typical manager’s responsibilities include prioritizing tasks and actively managing the workflow. Depending on the situation, they may assign particular duties to specific personnel or allow them to be done on a “first come, first served” basis.

Modifications and changes

When explaining the difference between Scrum vs. Kanban, we can see that they handle modifications and changes in very different ways.

Scrum necessitates that a sprint be planned before starting, that the team performs its task, and that the sprint concludes with product delivery and evaluation. Customer feedback, problems, bugs, and desired modifications are subsequently added to the main product backlog and prioritized for inclusion in future sprints.

In most cases, changes identified in the middle of a sprint are not handled until the next one, unless they are of such a magnitude that they need to be addressed immediately,  where the sprint is terminated. The sprint duration will not alter as a result of this method. However, if there are enough change requests, extra sprints may be required to be added to the overall project schedule.

When using Kanban, it’s okay to make adjustments at any stage in the process, and making changes right away is really encouraged. Depending on the degree of the modification, this might influence the project’s timeframe.

Toyota initially developed Kanban for automobile production, and it is now widely utilized for a variety of tasks and bits of labor that are repetitive in nature. When dealing with this sort of situation, when items are interchangeable, the focus is on providing a set volume rather than a specific piece of work. It’s common practice to discard or modify a product that’s been discovered to be broken/faulty or running behind so that it can be put back into production.

Productivity measurement

Scrum measures productivity using indicators such as velocity and burndown rates.

  • In a sprint, velocity measures how much work a team does in one delivery cycle.
  • Using burndown charts, you can see how much work is still left to be done as a graph of task estimates vs time.

The combination of these tools helps highlight how productive the team has been so far and how prolific they must continue to be to finish the project on time.

It is common for Kanban to track cycles, lead times, and work in progress to gauge productivity.

When it comes to cycle time, it is the amount of time it takes a job to complete from the moment it is started. An average of how long work has been in progress is used in this calculation.

In general, lead time is a metric that counts the amount of time it takes from the moment a task is recognized or put on your Kanban board until it is finished.

Consider the following scenario: you were assigned a task on Monday morning, began working on it on Wednesday morning, and finished it by the end of the day on Friday. Using the example above, your lead time (Monday to Friday) was five days, and your cycle time was three days (Wednesday to Friday).

“Work in progress” is a metric that represents the average volume of tasks currently being worked on your Kanban board.

Scrum vs. Kanban: Due dates and delivery timelines

When comparing Scrum vs. Kanban, the due date and delivery deadline are two important elements to consider.

Scrum sprints are generally one to four weeks in duration, and at the conclusion of each sprint, a product increment is delivered. Any accompanying documents, such as training materials, would be supplied at the same time as the main package. Due dates or deliveries that fall in the middle of a sprint are slightly uncommon.

In the case of interdependent tasks allocated to the same sprint, the exception would be allowed to stand. If job B cannot begin until task A is finished, task A may be assigned an earlier due date to guarantee that both tasks are completed on time for delivery. Many times, there isn’t even a formal due date specified, and the team just handles these dependencies during their regular daily scrums.

Continuous delivery is at the heart of Kanban’s philosophy. Kanban teams often work on projects, items, or deliverables that are unrelated to one another. This allows for immediate delivery of finished products to the customer once a piece of work is done.

Teams have the option of grouping deliveries to avoid sending one item at a time. However, this is entirely up to the teams themselves. For example, you may decide to ship every Friday or every time you reach a total of 20 finished items.

Kanban’s major emphasis on cycle time and lead time, rather than which piece of work is due, tends to concentrate on cycle time and lead time. As a result, due dates are more often based on target turnaround times than on when consumers anticipate deliveries to be made available.

Scrum vs. Kanban - Comparison Summary
Scrum vs. Kanban – Comparison Summary

When it comes to planning a project, which project plan board and framework are the most effective?

Whether or not you should utilize Kanban vs. Scrum depends on the sort of project you’re working on. Scrum and Kanban are two frameworks that are best suited for projects of different types and scopes.

However, here’s a quick breakdown of the situation:

Scrum is a better framework and project planning board for one-off projects with numerous variables and uncertainties. It supports working equally well for one-off projects with deadlines as it does for other projects.

Kanban is a more effective framework and project plan board for projects that you’ve done previously or that are recurrent, include numerous deliverables, and need to keep a close watch on individual capability and performance.

Scrum vs. Kanban: Does it have to be either-or?

Scrumban is a third option that may be considered. Teams that find Kanban too flexible and Scrum too rigorous would benefit from this mix of the two frameworks, which offers a happy medium for them. And we will address this in more detail in future postings, just as we did when we examined Scrum vs. Kanban in this post.

At Treinetic, we know that change is unavoidable, no matter what project you’re working on or who you work for. Embracing an Agile approach is the first step toward boosting communication, continually refining procedures, and having that flexibility built in. Therefore, you and your team are prepared for anything that comes your way. Agile methodologies are becoming more popular.

Software Development Pricing Models

Software Development Pricing Models Comparison Guide

It takes more than simply writing code to build a new piece of software. Architecture, requirements analysis, design creation, and testing are all steps in this process. The solution is then implemented. Businesses intending to build an application should be aware of the many software development pricing models currently available on the market to make an informed decision. That way, you’ll be able to choose the best option for your project and get the most out of your collaboration with a software development firm.

In this post, we’ll look at the three main software development pricing models, as well as their variants.

It’s worth noting that there’s a huge variety in this market, with numerous models, hybrids, and even name variations. Furthermore, in the contracts prepared by software development agencies, one model may be implemented in various ways. That is why our list is far from complete. It is, nonetheless, a valuable source of knowledge about the most commonly used software development pricing models today. And with this information, you’ll be able to make informed decisions regarding the price plan for your app development.

Software Development Pricing Models and Variants 

1. Fixed-price model

Additional variants include fixed-budget, fixed-time, and fixed-scope

2. Time and material software development pricing model

An additional variant is the milestone pricing model.

3. Dedicated team

The model has three variants: offsite, onsite, and outstaffing contract.

So let’s have a look at the pros and cons of each of these software development pricing models now. 

1. Fixed-priced software development pricing model

This software development pricing model adjusts the development process based on cost and time predictions based on the project parameters. The budget, specifications, and date of delivery are fixed here. Most projects have a predetermined timeline and set of goals that serve as a basis for calculating payments.

To guarantee that the project is completed on time, it is important to clearly define the scope of the work and establish milestones for completion in advance.

Such a model, on the other hand, makes risk management problematic. It is important to remember that the provider is accountable for the whole management process in this instance. Therefore, it may not be easy to monitor the project’s progress.

During development, unexpected events may occur, including:

Every time you try to change the scope of the project, you will encounter challenges. You’ll need to modify the contract and come up with new conditions to meet your needs. Your product’s time-to-market will increase as a result of this.

If the team comes up with a brilliant new product or solution that would add significant value to your business but needs more time, they may not be able to share this information with you. And that’s because under the fixed-price software development pricing model, the original plan must be adhered to.

Because the agency can’t lose money, the team will work around the clock to meet the agreed-upon scope. In this case, you might forget about better code quality and a robust quality assurance procedure. To meet a deadline, the team must provide a specific scope of work on time; if anything unexpected comes to light, the quality will suffer the most.

The above scenarios make collaboration with your software development firm difficult. 

What are the possible outcomes?

  • Because they can’t fully use their skills and expertise, the team will only work half-heartedly.
  • Even though you’ll precisely get what you requested, it won’t be the best product you could have had.
  • You’ll have a hard time making modifications.
  • The team will not provide any ideas that would be beneficial.
  • In this case, you won’t be completely satisfied with the result because of the quality of the product.

When should you use a fixed-price software development pricing model?

  • Your project is small and has a short timeline (lasting less than two months).
  • You don’t care about being a part of the development process or having a say in how it proceeds. You’d rather agree on everything upfront and then hand the project over to the team as a whole.
  • If you wish to work with a new provider, you can set up a short pilot project to see how the firm performs before employing them for a major, long-term project.
  • For your project, you’ve got all the technical specs and a well-developed strategy, as well as wireframes, user journey maps, and user stories in place, so you’re ready to get started. Naturally, it would be beneficial if you had plenty of time to prepare these papers.
  • There is no doubt in your thoughts that the project’s requirements will not alter in the future.

What do you pay for?

So long as the fixed-price project is completed as per its initial estimates, you pay just for the amount of work agreed upon in advance.

The contract should clearly outline your and the provider’s duties, such as deliver data, feedback from testing, and quality standards. Every time you go above and beyond what was originally agreed upon, you’ll have to pay a fee.

Additional variants of the fixed-price software development pricing model include:

1. a) Fixed budget pricing model

This software development pricing model has a set budget, but the timeframe and scope of the project may be altered throughout the development process. A very limited amount of money is available for this project. Because of this, the software development company will work on building the best possible solution for this budget. Feature and scope changes are possible, but not at the expense of budget changes.

When should you use a fixed-budget software development pricing model?

  • You are on a tight budget
  • Because your product specs aren’t set in stone, and your project deadlines are open to constant optimization, you and your team may keep the project scope as fluid as necessary.

What do you pay for?

Regardless of the scope of the project or the delivery date, you pay the agreed-upon amount.

1. b) Fixed-time software development pricing model

It focuses on a team’s ability to provide the product on time. Project parameters like scope and budget may be adjusted, but the deadline for delivering a solution remains fixed.

When is a fixed-time model appropriate?

  • The most important factor is time, which you estimate to be two months in most cases. Do as much as possible at that time.
  • Getting your product out into the world quickly is something you’re after.
  • You expect the solution to be completed within the given period.

What do you pay for?

When you hire a team, you pay for the number of hours they work on your project within the agreed-upon period.

1. c) Fixed-scope software development pricing model

The project scope is set in this model and cannot be amended throughout the project. Nevertheless, the team has some discretion under your guidance in terms of product delivery timelines and budgets.

When should you use a fixed scope pricing model?

  • You’re looking for a specific product, and you know precisely what you want.
  • Your team may constantly adjust both your delivery time and your budget based on your needs.

What do you pay for?

When you hire a team, you’re paying for the time it takes to complete the agreed-upon scope of work.

Fixed-Priced Model
The Fixed-Priced Model Comes with Several Benefits for Short-Term Development Projects

2. Time and material software development pricing model

The time spent on your project and the cost of the materials are accounted for in the time and material software development pricing model. Contracts like this one provide a great deal of time, scope, and financial flexibility, although early estimates have been established. Payments are paid regularly, such as once a month, for example.

The main benefit is that this software development pricing model enables you to easily adjust the requirements and change the work plan without incurring any high costs. This pricing model is an ideal fit for software development teams using current agile approaches (such as the Scrum methodology.)

Furthermore, you’ll be able to track the progress of the team during the whole development process. In this way, you have a better chance of obtaining exactly what you’ve been looking for.

When to use a time and material software development pricing model?

  • You have a hard time figuring out the final specifications of your product at the outset.
  • You’d want to get started on development as soon as possible.
  • You’re hoping to have a say in how big the project will be and how much money you’ll be able to spend.
  • In order to ensure its success, you wish to be an actively involved product owner who has a significant impact on the development of the application. 
  • Project specs and requirements are constantly evolving.
  • You don’t have a set deadline for the project.
  • It will take more than a stated number of months to develop your product. .

What do you pay for?

In this software development pricing model, you pay for the real time the team spends on particular tasks and the cost of everything they use to deliver your product in this pricing model (e.g., access to a specific tool).

Another variation of the time and material pricing model for software development is:

2. a) The milestone pricing model

The scope, price, and time frame of the project are all flexible and adjustable. For example, the client gets invoiced after the service provider has completed the task in a certain time frame, accomplishing an agreed-upon milestone. Good news: You have to pay for basic features and approve each milestone before work can proceed in this model.

When should you use a milestone software development pricing model?

  • You have a solid working relationship with the service provider.
  • There’s an established relationship with the provider that reduces both time and the risk of disputes by streamlining the acceptance process.

What do you pay for?

You pay for the development of certain features within a previously set milestone in this model. The amount directly reflects the time invested by the provider’s team in achieving a certain goal.

Software Development Pricing Models - Time & Materials
The Process of the Time and Material Development Model

3. Dedicated team software development pricing model

For a dedicated team, you pay for the time the team members spend working for you. Management of your work is your responsibility. The pricing is based on the hourly rates of the specialized team’s developers. It includes the monthly wages of all employees recruited, plus additional administrative costs.

Using this software development pricing model, you have a great deal of control over the team and can manage them, such as determining the workload. You also receive the privilege to pick your team members from a list of possible candidates provided by the service provider.

This model is comparable to forming an in-house team, except that you can increase or decrease the number of team members. For one thing, you don’t have to hire people and spend money on things like vacations and workspaces for them. As a result, you can flexibly increase or decrease the size of your team over time.

What do you pay for?

For a dedicated team, the monthly salary for each employee is included, as well as additional fees for administrative purposes (called the “management fee”). Monthly payments are the standard. The contract should specify the salary and the fee. You’ll know the monthly cost of your project based on the team’s makeup.

This software development pricing model comes in three variants:

3. a) Offsite dedicated team software development pricing model

In the offsite model, the team works on the premises of the provider, and it is common for the development team to be based in another country.

When should you use an offsite dedicated team software development pricing model?

Same as the dedicated team price model, but with the addition of:

  • You’re planning a long-term project with unclear requirements.
  • For a large in-house project, you’re looking for a solution that doesn’t require hiring full-time employees.
  • You’re OK with the fact that you’ll be managing the team remotely.
  • Process management is a skill that you have, or you have a team member responsible for it.

What do you pay for?

Same as the dedicated team software development pricing model.

3. b) Onsite dedicated team pricing model

The development team collaborates closely with the rest of your in-house team members on your premises.

When to use an onsite dedicated team software development pricing model:

  • You want to start a long-term project with unclear requirements.
  • Your company has a large in-house project, and you’d want to boost your internal team, but you don’t want to recruit additional full-time employees.
  • Face-to-face contact is vital to you, and you want to work with the team in the same place.

What do you pay for?

The price plan is similar to that of a dedicated team software development pricing model.

In the dedicated team models, the team may have a project manager assigned to it by the service provider. This individual will report to you or the person in charge of the project at your company. It all comes down to the terms you agree to.

3. c) Outstaffing contract pricing model

Hire a team from an outstaffing service to work on your project at either your office or the provider’s.

An outstaffing provider identifies the team members you need based on the number and qualifications of the team members you specify. Teamwork is similar to an in-house team, except that the provider takes care of administrative duties.

This software development pricing model closely resembles the dedicated team model. Here, you don’t use a software agency to find developers but rather an outstaffing provider.

Note: If you assign the duty of recruiting engineers to a software development business, the team may develop a set of methods and workflows that may be used for your project to increase team member productivity. This isn’t something you’ll often find with an outstaffing service.

When should you use an outstaffing contract software development pricing model?

  • You’re about to embark on a major project with unclear requirements.
  • This means that you’re prepared to manage your team and assign duties to team members.
  • An outstaffing service may avoid the need to look for a software house; instead, you may choose to employ their services.
  • You have a large internal project and want to strengthen your internal team to produce a great product—but you don’t want to recruit more full-time professionals.

What do you pay for?

It is no different from a dedicated team software development pricing structure.

Software Development Pricing Models - Dedicated Teams
The Dedicated Team Model Is a Good Choice for Complex, Long-Term Development Projects

Wrapping things up: how to choose the right pricing model for software development?

There are pros and cons to each of the pricing models mentioned. It’s up to you to make the final choice based on the requirements of both your project and your business.

These are the most important considerations:

  • The complexity of your project
  • How many employees would you want to get on board?
  • Your budget?
  • Duration of the project
  • What level of control do you expect to have over the team?

Fixed-price models and their variants aren’t worth considering for long-term projects. 

Treinetic’s Thoughts on Software Development Pricing Models

Because we mostly work on long-term projects, we often employ time and material software development pricing models. Our years of expertise in the industry have convinced us that this contract is the best option for developing mobile and web applications.

Are you looking for an award-winning team of experts that can help you get your idea off the ground? Get in touch with one of our experts now. We assist businesses like yours in determining the most appropriate software development pricing and cooperation models for their needs.

React Native VS Flutter - What to Choose in 2021

React Native VS Flutter: What to Choose in 2021

Do you wish to speed up the development of your apps? Cross-platform development may save you money, but which of the two technologies – React Native VS Flutter – should you use? According to Statista, React Native and Flutter have been the most popular cross-platform mobile app development frameworks for the last two years. Their adoption rate keeps increasing, and they’ve already surpassed their competitors.

We’ll go further into the Flutter vs. React Native debate and ask the experts which is the best for 2021 app development and why.

Flutter VS React Native: A Developer’s Perspective

React Native is a Facebook-initiated project that the company made open-source in 2015. On the other hand, Google launched a project called Flutter in 2017, which they have successfully pushed ever since. In both cases, app developers may use a single programming language to create cross-platform applications more quickly. There is already a large community for React Native, but Flutter has been gaining popularity since 2017.

React Native VS Flutter Overview
React Native VS Flutter – A Quick Overview

We’ll look at different factors to see how they compare in this article:

  • Programming language
  • Technical architecture
  • Installation
  • Setup and project configuration
  • UI components and the development API
  • Developer productivity
  • Community support
  • Build and release automation support

With our criteria established, it’s time to go further and learn more about each of them in-depth.

React Native VS Flutter: Programming Languages

Using cross-platform mobile app development, you can create applications for iOS and Android with a single programming language.

React Native — JavaScript

React Native is a cross-platform application development framework that makes use of JavaScript. At present, JavaScript is a highly popular language in the web community. It is often used with other well-known JavaScript frameworks like React. Web developers can now create mobile applications with little training, thanks to React Native. As a result, businesses embraced React Native without hesitation. Dynamically typed programming languages like JavaScript allow you to accomplish almost anything. This is both good and problematic.

Flutter — Dart

Flutter makes use of a programming language developed by Google in 2011. Dart’s syntax is simple to grasp for JavaScript or Java developers since it supports most object-oriented ideas. Dart’s official website has excellent, simple-to-follow documentation that makes getting started with the language a breeze.

React Native VS Flutter: Programming Language Analysis & Results

Most web developers utilize JavaScript, making it simple to switch to the React Native framework. Dart has a robust feature set, but it is less widely used and less well-known in the development community. This means that when comparing React Native VS Flutter, React Native comes out on top in the programming language stakes.

Score: React Native 1 — Flutter 0

React Native VS Flutter: Technical Architecture

Technical architecture is an important factor to consider when selecting a cross-platform mobile app development framework. We can make an informed choice and choose the framework that is best for our project if we are aware of the framework’s internals.

React Native — Flux

The React Native architecture is heavily reliant on the architecture of the JS runtime environment, namely the JavaScript bridge. At runtime, the JavaScript code is compiled into native code. React Native takes advantage of Facebook’s architecture. To put it another way, React Native communicates with the native modules through a JavaScript bridge.

Flutter 

Flutter comprises two main components: a software development kit (SDK) and a framework with a widget-based UI library.

In a nutshell, a framework is a widget-based UI library that includes reusable UI elements like sliders, buttons, and text inputs, among other things. Depending on your requirements, you may subsequently customize these elements further.

An SDK is a collection of tools for creating apps and compiling them into native machine code for iOS and Android.

Flutter requires the Dart programming language, which Google developed in October 2011. It has evolved significantly since then, and it is still one of the best options for creating mobile and web apps today.

C++ is the predominant programming language for the Flutter engine, which remains at the heart of the framework. The low-level implementation of the Flutter API, such as accessibility support, the Dart runtime, graphics text layout, and plugin architecture, is the engine’s responsibility.

React Native VS Flutter Technical Architecture
React Native VS Flutter Technical Architecture Comparison

Analysis & Results

There isn’t always a requirement for a bridge when using the Flutter engine since most of the native components are already in the framework. However, React Native communicates with native modules through the JavaScript bridge, resulting in subpar performance. As a result, Flutter emerged victorious in the contest against React Native. So far, it’s a tie between React Native VS Flutter.

Score: React Native 1 — Flutter 1

React Native VS Flutter Installation

Developers who are just getting started should quickly understand the installation process, and it shouldn’t have too many stages.

React Native — NPM

To get started with the React Native framework, download and run the node package manager (NPM). Installing React Native is simple for JavaScript developers. Nevertheless, other developers will have to learn how to use the node package manager. You can install the packages locally or globally using the node package manager. The developers will need to know the precise location of the binary. We’ll also need the package manager on macOS when installing React Native.

Flutter — Binary download 

To get started with Flutter, go to the Flutter website or Github and download the binaries for your platform of choice. On macOS, we must download the Flutter.zip file and add it to the PATH variable. To save users from having to go through these additional steps during installation, Flutter should support package managers such as Homebrew, MacPorts, YUM, APT, and so on. 

Analysis & Results

Neither Flutter nor React Native have a native package management one-liner installation for a specific OS. However, it seems that installing Flutter entails additional steps. Installing React Native doesn’t need downloading the binary; package managers may take care of it for you.  

Score: React Native 2 — Flutter 1

React Native VS Flutter Setup and Project Configuration

It takes time to set up the new framework on the developer’s machine. Configuration of software installations is necessary for droves to accomplish this task. To get people up and running quickly, the technology should come with thorough instructions and documentation.

React Native

The React Native project’s getting started guide assumes that the developer already has all of the necessary setups for iOS and Android creation. There isn’t much information about the Xcode command-line tools, but it won’t be enough to get you started. The manual goes right to the stage of creating a new project.

Flutter

For iOS and Android, the Flutter Getting Started Guide includes comprehensive instructions on setting up the IDE and platforms. Flutter install on macOS has all the info you need. The flutter doctor command-line tool is included with the framework and walks developers through the setup process to make things even easier. It examines the local system to see which tools are already installed and which ones need to be set up. We can proceed with building a new Flutter app if the flutter doctor command is happy.

Analysis & Results

The comparison between React Native VS Flutter shows that Flutter has superior documentation and CLI tools for setup and configuration. Thus, it’s obvious which one to choose in this case.

Score: React Native 2 — Flutter 2

UI Components and Development API

Support for native components is critical when developing cross-platform mobile applications. Our app won’t feel like a native one if it doesn’t have native component support. An API is necessary for the framework to access the native components easily.

React Native — Fewer components

UI rendering and device access APIs are the only features provided by the basic React Native framework. React Native relies on third-party libraries to access most native modules. Too many third-party libraries are necessary for React Native to work properly. There is a comprehensive collection of development tools and official APIs available.

Flutter — Rich in components

In addition to UI rendering components, the Flutter framework comes with many libraries and API access. Because of this comprehensive collection of components, third-party libraries are no longer necessary. You’ll get everything you need to build mobile applications if you get the Flutter framework. The Material Design and Cupertino features in Flutter simplify developers to design an app’s user interface for iOS and Android.

Analysis & Results

While React Native relies heavily on third-party libraries, Flutter has robust developer APIs and UI components. As a result, in the debate between React Native VS Flutter, Flutter emerges victorious once again.

Score: React Native 2 — Flutter 3

React Native VS Flutter: Developer Productivity

The ability to create applications more quickly relies on developer productivity. As a result, it’s critical to keep your focus only on app development at all times.

React Native

If a developer is proficient in JavaScript, creating cross-platform apps will be a breeze. The hot reload functionality in React Native saves developers a lot of time when testing UI changes. Developers may use whatever text editor or IDE they choose as far as IDE support is concerned.

Flutter

Flutter also includes a hot reload function, and the sample app is incredibly simple to use. However, as applications get more complicated, developers will become familiar with and implement the new Flutter ideas. Additionally, Dart is not a widely-used programming language, and many integrated development environments (IDEs) and text editors lack support for it.

Analysis & Results

React Native, being a mature framework, offers excellent developer support in Integrated Development Environments (IDEs) and language capabilities. As the Flutter community develops, so will Flutter’s popularity, which is still relatively young. And this levels the scores between React Native VS Flutter.

Score: React Native 3 — Flutter 3

React Native VS Flutter: Community Support

Developers create a community to exchange knowledge when they show an interest in new technology and incorporate it into their development process. Developers benefit from a robust community when they can learn from one another and work through issues they are experiencing.

React Native

When React Native was first released in 2015, it quickly garnered traction among developers. There is a global React Native developer community with many meetings and conferences. One of the most prominent React Native conferences took place in Poland, and there are meetings in nearly every major city across the globe.

Flutter

Flutter has been around for a while, but Google’s promotion during the 2017 Google I/O conference brought it to greater recognition. Flutter’s user base continues to expand at a fast pace. Online get-togethers and conferences are becoming more common. In 2018, Google announced the release of Flutter 1.0, which was the most significant to date. While the Flutter community is expanding quickly, there aren’t enough tools available for developers to address the most pressing problems they’re encountering.

Comparing the most common communication routes for each tool is important, so we’ve included some additional information:

React Native VS Flutter Community Statistics
React Native and Flutter Community Figures

Analysis & Results 

Since the introduction of the framework, the React Native community and its resources have expanded significantly. Flutter is a newer framework as compared to React Native, yet it has a burgeoning community. All in all, React Native gets the nod here.

Score: React Native 4 — Flutter 3

React Native VS Flutter Testing support

An excellent approach to receiving immediate feedback on your code is to write tests for it. Every mature technology has a testing framework that enables developers to create unit, integration, and user interface tests.

React Native

A few unit-level testing frameworks in JavaScript are available for React Native, which is a JavaScript framework. Snapshot testing is possible using these technologies. However, React Native does not provide proper support for integration or UI-level testing. Official support for third-party testing tools for React Native is not available.

Flutter

Testing applications at the unit, widget, and integration levels is a snap with Flutter’s robust collection of testing tools. Flutter’s testing documentation is excellent. Flutter offers a fantastic feature that allows us to build UI widget tests and run them at the pace of unit tests to verify that they work as expected.

Analysis & Results 

In contrast, to React Native, the Flutter community offers excellent documentation and a robust set of testing tools. As a result, React Native loses ground to Flutter in the debate.

Score: React Native 4 — Flutter 4

Build and Release Automation Support

The process of releasing a mobile app to the App Store or Google Play Store is difficult. It entails the challenging job of digitally signing every other piece of software. Cross-platform mobile app development, on the other hand, becomes much more difficult.

React Native

There are no automated procedures for deploying iOS applications to the App Store in the official React Native instructions. However, it allows you to deploy the app directly from Xcode. In the meantime, we can utilize technologies like Fastlane to deploy React Native-written iOS and Android applications. All in all, React Native must depend on third-party libraries to automate development and release processes.

Flutter

Using Flutter’s command-line interface is a snap. Using the command line tools and the instructions in the Flutter manual for building and publishing applications, we can generate a binary of the app. Additionally, Flutter has detailed the deployment procedure officially using Fastlane.

Analysis & Results

To deploy applications from the command line, you may utilize Flutter’s powerful build automation tools. The official build automation CLI tools are not supported in React Native applications. So, in the battle of React Native VS Flutter, Flutter emerged victoriously.

Score: React Native 4 — Flutter 5

Let’s take a look at some of the most popular applications created using each framework.

Popular Apps Developed Using React Native and Flutter
Popular Apps Developed Using React Native and Flutter

Flutter and React Native have some big names on their sides when comparing them.

So, when considering final scores (React Native 4 VS Flutter 5,) Flutter emerged victorious in this contest even though the race was very tight. Although React Native gave it their all, Flutter came out on top in today’s competition.

Final Thoughts from Treinetic

Flutter is attracting an increasing number of businesses. The Flutter SDK is becoming better every month as Google works to make it even better. In addition, the people in the community are kind and supportive at all times. As a bonus, we can build mobile apps and web and desktop apps using Flutter (the desktop support for Flutter is in beta on the stable channel).

When everything is said and done, the future of Flutter seems bright, especially because major corporations like Alibaba are already utilizing it. As for React Native, Facebook is presently re-architecting the technology on a big scale. We can assist you if you plan on creating mobile (or web) applications for several platforms at the same time. When it comes to framework compatibility, Treinetic is adept at both Flutter as well as React Native. If you’re interested in such a partnership, please let us know, and we’ll get in touch with you to work out the specifics.

What Is IT Staff Augmentation

What Is IT Staff Augmentation, and What are the Benefits?

What is IT staff augmentation, what is the procedure, and what are the benefits of this? If you have any of these or similar questions, you’ve found the perfect place. You can learn about IT staff augmentation and how it works in this in-depth post. We’ll also go over the benefits of using IT staff augmentation services.

As communication and IT technology develop in the twenty-first century, employing workers from inside the company is no longer the ideal choice. As a result of globalization and technology advancements, it is now viable to quickly and safely establish distant global teams.

Particularly in the field of information technology and software development, this is true. It is estimated that worldwide technology expenditure will reach $5 trillion in 2021, according to CompTIA. Technology-related firms also rely less on traditional in-house development teams and augment their IT personnel instead with alternative sources.

What Is IT Staff Augmentation?

IT staff augmentation is an outsourcing technique involving hiring external, highly qualified technical personnel to temporarily or permanently fill vacancies in your organization’s workforce. It gives companies the freedom to pick and select the employees who best meet their needs and trim or expand their augmented teams as necessary. Staff augmentation is something that a large number of businesses provide. You may increase your in-house development team’s technical resources on a temporary or permanent basis by working with IT staff augmentation providers.

The addition of IT personnel is a component of the overall expansion of the workforce. Staff augmentation is a contractual outsourcing service provided by an external supplier to supplement the in-house team’s expertise and abilities. This approach involves assessing current staff competencies and identifying the talents that are lacking.

The vendor makes use of these resources directly. Therefore, hiring additional full-time employees and the associated costs and liabilities are no longer necessary. As a result, remote developers employed by a staff augmentation firm work on a single project exclusively.

When Is IT Staff Augmentation Appropriate to Your Company?

This approach of staffing is feasible if:

To begin, if you already have a team in place but wish to grow it.

The staff augmentation approach has the wonderful advantage of reducing costs. When you need to expand your software engineering staff or create a new department, consider outsourcing. Providing office space, insurance, and other benefits are not required, nor are high wages. Many of these issues are addressed by the staff augmentation approach.

In the second place, if you need specialists that possess a certain set of technical skills

There are many award-winning software development firms throughout the globe. Can you even fathom the size of the global talent pool? You’ll be able to locate a developer that specializes in a certain area of technology.

Third, you need some degree of flexibility

If you employ an in-house team, you can’t just hire an engineer for the day, but if you use a staff augmentation model, you can simply switch out team members as the project changes.

Fourth, there aren’t any competent developers in your region

It’s possible that you’d want to hire more people but don’t have the resources to do so. Hiring engineers that are fluent in a particular programming language, on the other hand, may be difficult. Finding an outsourcing or software team augmentation firm to cover the necessary skill gap is ideal if it’s about you.

Comparing IT Staff Augmentation with Other Known Models

Staff Augmentation

The staff augmentation approach gives you complete control over the hiring process, selecting the applicants you want to work with. The vendor handles all of the organizational and administrative headaches. At the same time, you’ll be able to focus on your primary duties while working with your augmented team in the same manner that you would with your in-house engineers.

Own R&D Center

Let’s say you want to expand your company’s workforce by at least 40 people. Alternatively, you may want to consider locating your R&D center in a nation with an improved business climate and a larger pool of IT expertise. It implies that you’ll have to study the legal system and the country’s culture and take all the risks yourself.

Managed Services

From organizing a team of developers to overseeing every procedure on their own, the project outsourcing firm takes care of everything during the development of your project. You don’t have to spend time on your remote development staff or have in-house tech knowledge.

Staff Augmentation vs Other Models
IT Staff Augmentation and Other Models Comparison

IT Staff Augmentation Process Flow

Step 1: Determine where there are skill shortages

You’re all set with project details. You have a clear vision of how your project will work. You’ll have to find out where your strengths and weaknesses lie now. If you don’t know what kind of specialist you need, don’t worry about it. Plan a meeting with the vendor you’d want to collaborate with and explain your needs to them. They and the appropriate software developers will recommend your technology stack along with your project.

Step 2: Orientation and integration into the workplace

Integrate your new team members into your business after negotiating terms and conditions, signing contracts and NDAs. Investopedia describes an NDA as a legally enforceable contract that creates a confidential connection between two parties. And that’s crucial, so don’t forget about it. Set up meetings with your existing teams, provide any training that’s required, and allow them to get acquainted with technical terms before letting them loose in the office.

Step 3. Managing the Process

The final stage will continue for as long as you work with a larger group. As the saying goes, “Live and learn.” To keep your team motivated and show you if your efforts are justified to keep learning and analyzing the value your new team contributes to the project. Be sure to keep in mind the people in charge and the responsibilities that have been established from the start.

IT Staff Augmentation Process Flow and Candidate Selection
IT Staff Augmentation Process Flow

What Are the Benefits of IT Staff Augmentation?

High Productivity Level

Project outsourcing teams may handle several projects at the same time, but using a staff augmentation team keeps developers focused on a single one at all times, allowing them to be more productive. Being motivated and dedicated to one client’s huge goal is a great feeling.

IP Rights Security

All intellectual property rights (IP) belong to you from the beginning of the collaboration with your devoted developers.

Flexibility

Flexibility increases on two grounds:

1. From UI/UX designers and front-end developers to Scrum masters and product owners, you’ll have easy access to a diverse group of IT experts with whom you may collaborate.

2. The skill pool is larger. Therefore, it’s much simpler to find a replacement for a developer. Working with a staff augmentation company means you save money on the transition.

Savings Potential

An exceptionally clear pricing structure characterizes staff augmentation services like these. You will not be responsible for administrative and organizational costs such as office space, workstations, or other facilities. You just pay the price, and the vendor handles the rest, allowing you to concentrate on your core business operations.

Benefits of IT Staff Augmentation
IT Staff Augmentation Comes with Several Benefits

How to Grow Your Business with IT Staff Augmentation?

Opt for a provider that will set up dedicated team rooms for your remote devs, complete with everything they’ll need. For example, at Treinetic, our teams have rooms with the client’s corporate logo to make it easier for the offshore team to integrate with the in-house engineers.

To ensure that your remote developers feel a part of the local team, make sure they know it. Ask the vendor if they have experts that can assist you in working more effectively with your team. HR/client managers work side-by-side with your developers at Treinetic to assist in clearing up any misconceptions that may arise throughout your collaboration.

What’s Your Next Step?

Using a technology staff augmentation approach saves time, gives you greater control over your process, and lowers costs.Starting your search for an outsourcing provider now is the best thing you can do if the scenarios outlined in this article match your present position. If you’d want Treinetic to assist you in this process and find your unique skills, please get in touch with us now!

Staff Augmentation vs. Project Outsourcing

Staff Augmentation Vs. Project Outsourcing | What to Choose?

Some elements of an organization’s IT requirements, such as system monitoring, data backup, and network administration, are nearly steady. However, new or unanticipated IT initiatives may bring a large amount of labor at once. It’s at this stage that many businesses start debating between staff augmentation vs project outsourcing.

On the other hand, the worldwide IT sector is expected to be worth about $5 trillion in 2021. Asia will also significantly impact the global IT sector, with a share of 32%. And these Statista figures demonstrate just how big the IT sector has become in the modern world. It’s safe to state that IT outsourcing is a lifesaver thanks to its many advantages before going into further detail. Therefore, an increasing number of businesses are delegating their IT duties to third parties. Now, let’s compare project outsourcing with staff augmentation in detail.

Staff Augmentation VS Project Outsourcing

What is Staff Augmentation?

In staff augmentation, a software firm hires external engineers on a Time & Materials contract basis to supplement its own engineers’ skills. Third-party experts who work exclusively on the buyer’s premises for the duration of the project extend the outsourcer’s internal team in practice (or serve as its only members).

Companies save money on recruiting, payroll services, and project execution by using staff augmentation. This model can be readily scaled up or down because it’s a partnership rather than an employment contract. As such, FTEs may be decreased (or increased) promptly as required. Furthermore, this complete shift of responsibility reduces administrative burdens associated with HR and employment. As a result, the outsourcer can devote more time and resources to the core business.

Benefits of Staff Augmentation
Staff Augmentation Can be Beneficial for Some IT Companies

What Is Project Outsourcing?

By collaborating with a remote software company and handing over the project to its team of programmers, you can outsource a dedicated team. Most of the time, it involves much more than simply team augmentation in a collaboration. Software-related services like design and analysis are also included. These include UI/UX design and quality assurance as well.

Due to the vendor’s deep engagement, there is a greater incentive to produce the best possible outcomes than staff augmentation. As a result of all of this, the software company is more than simply a temporary service provider. It is a close and valued partner.

Benefits of Project Outsourcing
Project Outsourcing Comes with Several Benefits for IT Companies

Staff Augmentation VS Project Outsourcing: A Detailed Comparison

Let’s look at a short comparison of the pros and cons of staff augmentation vs project outsourcing to find the answers.

1. Project Management

The outsourcer typically manages the project internally under the staff augmentation model, even though external employees are responsible for certain aspects.

Employing a dedicated team, on the other hand, implies hiring a project manager. And this reduces the buyer’s project management duties while the vendor assumes complete project management responsibility. For the buyer’s convenience, a single point of contact is usually established.

The software provider’s governance system is another advantage of external project management. An experienced software house has already figured out the most effective method of managing IT projects, has a lot of such collaborations in its portfolio, and understands how to get things done on time and within budget.

2. Responsibilities and Cost

Both approaches place the onus on the service provider to find and hire qualified engineers. With dedicated teams, however, the vendor pays for office space, software licensing, gear, utilities, and the training of the staff. Moreover, they take care of the general well-being of software engineers.

What’s on the surface in terms of employment expenditures is only the beginning. The software house is responsible for any costs that go into calculating the total cost of ownership for these types of tasks. Although this endeavor increases employee engagement and reduces attrition, it must be correctly done to be effective.

Project outsourcing has the apparent advantage of lowering costs. According to a Statistics Brain study, 44% of American firms surveyed chose the project outsourcing approach primarily to save costs. Ultimately, the outsourcer benefits from having a motivated and competent workforce because of all of this.

3. Relationship with the Vendor

Without mutual trust and understanding, no business partnership will be successful.

Companies often form more direct and long-term relationships with developers they outsource. When you and your partner work closely together, you better understand your company’s fundamental requirements and problems. Frustration and discomfort are all too often in the workplace when people lack confidence in the people they’re working with.

A relationship with a provider of staff augmentation services is more limited. Also, it essentially boils down to merely delivering resources in the form of a required number of engineers. It is not uncommon for this kind of business connection to end with the last line of code. Thus, it is superficial. Last but not least, the staff augmentation services supplier often shows less concern for your IT project’s eventual success than the other parties involved.

4. Cooperation Kick-Off

Staff augmentation providers often need less time to get up and running than a committed team of programmers.

However, the outsourcer bears some of the burden of identifying the best fit. Buyers should be wary of making assumptions about candidate profiles, abilities, and technical experience required for the project without an expert on their own staff or one on the supplier’s side. The kick-off may take longer and cost more if it doesn’t have this.

When it comes to gathering a dedicated team for each project, the software house has the sole duty of scaling it to meet the customer’s current requirements and guarantee seamless development management. The outsourcer’s job is to determine the project’s scope and functionality rather than to express personal preferences for certain programmers or developers in general.

5. Working and Organizational Culture

Working and organizational culture vary greatly between the two types as well.

Developers in an outsourced team may establish a unique knowledge exchange and collaboration atmosphere by working together in the same office. The staff augmentation approach is typically outclassed when it comes to close friendships, the general environment, and team spirit.

In addition, the software firm ensures that its employees are comfortable at work. Moreover, they get appropriate career development and mentorship and have access to all essential resources. Well, that’s not all. They also ensure that the company’s culture is strengthened.

Engineers in the staff augmentation model may not identify with either party since they know they will be working on another project for a different company sooner or later. And this common cause of demotivation can trigger changes in jobs.

6. Internal Policy

Working with outside contractors also often leads to a shortage (or severe scarcity) of in-house programmers. When you hire engineers solely for the project, you may get caught in a loop because you can’t use the same engineers you used for staff augmentation after the project is over. This means you have to find other developers, introduce them to the company, share domain knowledge, and so on – just to let them go after the project is over. The cycle repeats itself.

7. Insights and Knowledge

Temporary workers also have the drawback of not knowing your company, your previous projects or products, your previous business experience, or your market expertise. This means you can’t count on them to be as proactive or creative as a normal employee.

An additional benefit of using a dedicated outsourced team is that the connection is more personal, allowing the team to know your company better and better understand what you need. This is not the case with staff augmentation.

You can expect innovative software solutions from your business’s software partner.

Staff Augmentation vs Project Outsourcing
Project Outsourcing Lets You Focus on Your Core Business More Than Staff Augmentation

Treinetic’s Reasons for Believing in Outsourcing

Staff augmentation has certain obvious advantages. It’s a good approach to coping with IT talent scarcity when your company wants quick results with a tight budget but doesn’t have much time to spare. The advantages of adding personnel, on the other hand, diminish in direct proportion to the project’s duration. Working with a remote software house will be more effective and advantageous as the IT project grows in size and complexity. 

Companies that specialize in trustworthy, robust, and skilled in managing IT projects stand augmentation are available, as is the case with any other service. And, in some cases, this model may be just what you’re looking for. However, the long-term advantages of a successful IT collaboration are more cost-effective and less stressful for the project, according to our experience. We also must study what big companies prefer in this case. According to Love to Know, even IBM and Dell outsource. And this suggests the effectiveness and pros of outsourcing. 

You can concentrate on your company’s core and get cutting-edge outcomes by letting a dedicated, award-winning development team handle your software solution’s design, development, implementation, and maintenance.

How to Write an SRS Document

How to Write an SRS Document | The Comprehensive Guide

So, you have come to the point of pondering how to write an SRS document? Congratulations! Yes, effectively developing a business means making the most available resources while also aiming for more. This is the goal of every business owner. And this is particularly true in light of the fierce rivalry that exists today.

The success of a company is impossible without the use of the software. And the recent statistics prove this fact better in today’s world. For example, Statista estimates that over $5.2 trillion is spent annually across the world on enterprise software. Therefore, it’s critical to spell out all of the software needs in detail. That’s why we’re here to guide find answers to the question: how to write an SRS document. The design and development processes will benefit greatly from the information provided in this paper. Let’s see how we can write that important document without making a single mistake. 

What Is an (SRS) Document?

A software requirements specification (SRS) document outlines what the software will accomplish and how well it will function under certain conditions. Additionally, it specifies the features the product must have to satisfy the requirements of all parties involved (business and end-users).

Typical elements of an SRS report include:

  • A purpose
  • Specific requirements
  • An overall description

The ideal SRS documents explain how software interacts with hardware and other software when embedded in or linked to them. Additionally, excellent SRS documents account for actual end-users.

Elements of SRS Document
An SRS Document Includes Several Critical Elements

What’s the Point of Using an SRS Report?

A software requirements specification serves as the foundation for your whole project. It establishes the guidelines that all development teams must adhere to. Using it, various teams — development, QA, operations, and maintenance — have access to important information. Therefore, this ensures that everyone is on the same page and understands what is expected of them.

Having recourse to the SRS ensures that all criteria are met. It may also assist you in making choices regarding the lifecycle of your product, such as when to retire a feature.

Writing an SRS may help reduce the total time and expenses of development. An SRS is particularly useful for embedded development teams.

How Can You Collect Information for the SRS Document?

You can do the following to gather critical data:

  • Brainstorming: Connecting with all important stakeholders and developing an action plan together is a fantastic idea.
  • Poll: Questions that are either standard or unusual.
  • Analyzing documents: To learn all there is to know about this project, you can (and should!) read everything available to you.
  • Prototyping: It provides a solution to the mystery around how the product will function.
  • Maps: An orderly progression of concepts.
  • Unser input: The input of the user is critical to the document’s proper writing.
  • Requirements: This also starts with a discussion of the criteria for cross-functional products.

How to Write an SRS Document?

Here are the stages to writing a successful SRS document:

1. Create an Outline (Or You Can Use an SRS Template)

Creating an overview for your software requirements specification should be your first step. It’s possible you came up with this idea on your own. You may also utilize a pre-existing SRS template if you want.

As an example, if you’re building something from scratch, your outline could look something like this:

1. Introduction 

1.1 The purpose

1.2 Who Is It For?

1.3 Intended Use

1.4 Scope

1.5 Acronyms and Definitions

2. Overall Description

2.1 Needs of the User

2.2 Assumptions and Dependencies

3. System requirements and Features 

3.1 Requirements for Functionality

3.2. Requirements for the External Interface

3.3 System Features

3.4 Nonfunctional Requirements

Start adding in the details after you have a basic outline.

2. Start With a Purpose

An effective SRS must begin with a solid introduction. It’s a great way to get people excited about the final result. Therefore, begin by defining the product’s purpose.

Intended Audience and Use

Decide who in your company will have access to the SRS and how they should utilize it. Developers, testers, and project managers may all fall under this group. People from other divisions, such as the executive team, sales, or marketing, may also take part.

Scope of the Product

Describe the software you’re recommending to the consumer. Include the advantages, aims, and objectives as well. If teams outside of development have access to the SRS, this should be tied to business objectives as a whole.

Acronyms and Definitions

To be on the safe side, define the risk. Many developers — particularly those working on safety-critical development teams — prioritize avoiding risk.

3. Give an Overview of What You’ll develop

It’s time for you to be specific about what you want to create next. Is this a new version of anything that already exists? Is it a brand-new product, or it’s an add-on to an existing product of yours? It’s critical to explain them upfront so that everyone understands what you’re working with. Describe why and who you’re creating it for, if possible.

User Needs

There must be a consideration for the requirements of users, often known as user classifications and characteristics. Determine who will utilize the product and in what capacity before moving forward with any further planning efforts.

The product will likely have both main and secondary users. You may also have to describe the requirements of a different product buyer (who may not be a primary or secondary consumer). And, for example, if you’re developing a medical product, you’ll need to explain the patient’s requirements.

Steps to Define User Need - SRS Document
An SRS Document Must Define User Needs to All Parties Involved

Assumptions and Dependencies

In some of these cases, you may not be able to meet the criteria set out in your SRS. What are the factors in this scenario? Are you making any assumptions about the SRS that may be wrong? Those are other things to put in this.

Last but not least, be aware of whether or not your project is reliant on outside factors. This may contain software components from another project that you’re utilizing.

4. Detail Your Specific Requirements

For your software development team, the following part is very important. This is where you’ll go into depth about the specifics of how your product will be built.

Functional Requirements

To create a successful product, you must consider functional requirements. These needs may include infusion and battery if you’re working on a medical device. You may also have a subset of needs and risks within these functional criteria.

External Interface Requirements

External interface requirements are a subset of functional requirements. Embedded systems need them as well as outlining any interfaces your product will have with other components.

There are a variety of interfaces for which you may have specifications, including:

  • User
  • Hardware
  • Software
  • Communications

System Features

Functional requirements may take many forms, including system features. These are features that a system must have to function.

Other Nonfunctional Requirements

Requirements that aren’t strictly functional may be equally as essential as those that are. Some examples are as follows:

  • Performance
  • Safety
  • Security
  • Quality

Depending on your business, the significance of this kind of requirement may vary. In the medical device sector, for example, safety standards will be essential. If you’re a member of IEEE, they can also help you with creating software requirements specifications.

Types of Software Requirements
Specific Software Requirements Very Important for Your Development Team

5. Getting the Approval 

After you’ve finished the SRS, you’ll need to get key stakeholders to approve it. Also, everyone must read the most recent version of the document.  

Benefits of Great Software Requirements

Now that you know the answers to “how to write an SRS document,” let’s get to know the benefits of getting it right. If your SRS document is well-written, you may save time by avoiding mistakes and inaccuracies while working with all the key players in the process, such as developers.

Comprehensive documentation makes it possible for all parties involved to assess where things are right now, set goals and objectives, and agree on how things should be done going forward. The design process is streamlined since the SRS is accessible to the key players. Redesign costs that weren’t budgeted are kept to a minimum.

SRS also helps with the following:

  • Aiming to improve the accuracy of cost and time estimations
  • Easing the software’s transition from the development stage to the production phase
  • Consistent and efficient coordination of activities across all participants
  • Increasing developer, customer, and management interaction
  • To avoid expensive replacement at a later time
  • Cutting down on the amount of time and effort spent on development

Get in Touch with an Award-Winning Software Engineering Company

When working on software development projects, it’s critical to know how to write SRS document that outlines all of the project’s major goals, objectives, and requirements. This serves as a road map for all project partners, ensuring that the final product fulfills all customers’ requirements to the full degree possible. The SRS document’s structure must be made crystal-clear.

It will be impossible to predict the finish date without a well-written SRS before beginning work. Moreover, it is possible to lay down all the information, perform a competitive analysis, and create explicit project tasks using the SRS document. Okay, you may need our help in this regard, in which case, please contact us. As a multi-award-winning software engineering firm, we can create custom software to meet your business needs. If you’re considering software solutions, please get in touch with us.

Mobile Application Development Process

Mobile App Development Process Comprehensive Guide

As the year 2021 draws to a close, let’s take a look at the vast world of mobile apps. The yearly app income has reportedly surpassed $111 billion, according to Business of Apps. Furthermore, Transparency Market Research predicts that enterprise mobility will be valued at $510.39 billion by 2022. The number of apps available on Google Play and Apple’s App Store has also increased dramatically. Not only that, but numerous new trends are emerging in the mobile app development process.

Many companies are trying to capitalize on this development trend, but very few can build a profitable app. Only if your company has a well-honed mobile app development process will it succeed in these growth predictions’ competitive landscape.

It is essential to have a process flow for app development that includes several distinct stages. Each one will be examined in detail in this post.

Mobile App Development Process – Step by Step Review

Step 1: Explore Your App Idea

Every mobile app development process begins with a concept, despite how obvious it may seem. Having a clear vision for an application takes a lot of time spent on research. 

Do you have a firm grasp of your app concept? If that’s the case, you’re ready to go on to the next stage. If you’re still unsure, ask yourself the following five questions:

  1. Is there a specific objective you’re trying to achieve with your app?
  2. What issues do you want to address with your app?
  3. Who is the intended audience for this project?
  4. What makes your application stand out from the rest?
  5. How long do you expect users to use your app for?

You’ll be ready to develop your app strategy and carry out market research following the steps mentioned above. Preparing for a mobile app strategy requires the same amount of thought as going on a vacation.

You’ll need to perform a lot of market research, select the best options for your app, and then map up a timeline and budget for it. Learn about your target market’s challenges and current market developments. After that, your application must provide a solution to the issues the user is experiencing.

Analyze and consider the advantages that your product provides for both you and your clients. In other words, research the market to discover a lucrative niche.

Finding a Profitable Mobile App Idea
Finding a Profitable App Idea Is One of the Most Critical Steps

Step 2: Build Your Strategy

Even though it may seem feasible to go right into app development without doing all of the necessary market research, it’s better to take your time and understand the big picture first. You may believe that your concept is unique and that no one else has ever thought of it. Simple Google searches, on the other hand, may leave you disappointed and provide you with many better options from prospective rivals. However, this may be a hint of good things to come. And this is because having a solid group of rivals will help: 

  • Educate you on your own niche’s app market landscape.
  • Show your mobile app’s interest to prospective consumers

This enables you to study your competitor’s apps and learn from your “rival” by studying how they execute certain ideas and answer user needs. Therefore, you’ll be able to learn about the market, pick out the best of it, and improve it.

If you’re looking into the mobile app development process, there are a few places you may not think to look. But they can offer you the greatest possible input on your upcoming mobile app:

Google Play and iOs app stores: Your best bet will be to look at the two most popular marketplaces for mobile apps to get a sense of app demand and popularity.

Kickstarter: With over a million projects already funded on Kickstarter, it’s easy to see what people want.

Step 3: NDA Signing

Online or offline, security is paramount for any business. You should thus sign an NDA with the right development company you want to employ before starting your mobile app development.

Before beginning development, the majority of the best app development firms have their clients sign an NDA. The NDA includes all information about your application development, and the company must furnish you with everything included in the NDA.

There are a few things you should keep in mind while drafting an NDA, and we’ve included them below to help you understand better:

  • The names of the individuals or organizations that signed the contract.
  • The length of time the project will take to complete.
  • In this case, it’s classified as confidential information.
  • Are there any confidentiality exclusions?
  • The project idea remains secure.
  • A declaration about the proper handling of confidential information.
  • Defining the project’s scope, method of communication, application features, technology stack, references/annexures, delivery phase milestones, scrum meetings, and file sharing, among other things.

Step 4 of the Mobile App Development Process: UI/UX Design

The design of an app strives to provide a smooth and easy user experience with a professional look. User adoption and usage of all the features of a mobile app determine its success or failure. Providing great user experiences and making your app engaging, intuitive, and user-friendly are the prime aims of mobile app UI/UX design.

While a well-designed user interface may aid in early adoption, your application must have a smart user experience to keep consumers interested. Users expect smooth and easy app experiences and an attractive visual design when they use an app.

Information Architecture & Workflows

If you want to build a successful app, you must first determine what data it will provide to its users and what data it will collect. Moreover, you must determine how users will interact with it.  

Mobile enterprise solutions for companies include users with various responsibilities and rights, and it is important to include these rules as part of the information architecture of your app. It is possible to see all of a user’s interactions with the app by using workflow diagrams.

Wireframes

Sketches on paper are commonplace for mobile app designers to begin the design process. A wireframe is a digital representation of a sketch. You may also call wireframes “low-fidelity mockups” since they help you visualize the functionality of your application.

The design and user experience are more important in wireframes than color schemes and styles. Iterating via wireframes throughout the design review process is a fast and cost-effective way to develop app layouts. When designing wireframes, keep in mind the device-specific aspects of the final product. If you have an iPhone, iPad, Android phone, or tablet app, it will offer a device-specific user experience that is easy to use.

Mobile Application Development Process - Wireframes
Wireframes Help You Visualize the Functionality of Mobile Apps

Style Guide

Style guides serve as “living documents,” documenting everything from your company’s branding guidelines to the app’s navigation symbols when it comes to app design.

Among the things you’ll find in a style guide are:

  • Do you plan on using a certain font family for the text in your app?
  • What color scheme do you have in mind?
  • What role will your company’s logo play in the app’s design?

Style guidelines help with the design approach of an app. Having a style guide in place from the start of your mobile app development process helps your developers work more efficiently. On the other hand, following a style guide will assist in maintaining the uniformity of your app’s look and feel. As part of your app design, you should examine Apple’s standards for iOS applications and Google’s guidelines for Android applications.

Mockups

These are the ultimate visual representations of your app’s visual design, often known as mockups or high-fidelity designs. Wireframes are used to generate mockups, which are then styled according to your style guide. Your app’s design will continue to evolve as it nears completion. Therefore,  anticipate changes to the workflow, information architecture, and aesthetics. The most common tool for generating high-fidelity mockups is Adobe Photoshop.

Prototype

Prototypes help replicate the end user’s experience and the app’s workflows. Prototyping takes time, but it’s well worth it since it allows you to test your app’s design and function early. Prototypes are useful tools for spotting potential changes to an app’s functionality.

During the wireframing stage, certain businesses prefer prototyping, particularly when the functional requirements of an app are not fully thought out. Alternatively, a focus group needs to examine the app’s planned functionality.

Step 5: Mobile App Development

This stage of mobile app development is still heavily reliant on planning. Before you begin any real development or programming work, you must first complete the following steps:

  • Decide on a technological framework
  • Choose a set of technologies
  • Set development milestones and stick to them
  • Backend/server technology, APIs, and the mobile app front-end are the three main components of a typical mobile app project.

Back-End/Server Technology

This part includes server-side objects and databases required to support the functionality of your mobile application. If you are modifying an existing backend platform to support mobile functionality, changes may be necessary.

API

An API is a way for an app to communicate with a backend server. 

The Front-End of a Mobile Application

In the front-end, an end-user sees and interacts with the native mobile app. Mobile applications are interactive user experiences that manage data through an API to communicate with a backend in most scenarios. Some apps employ local data storage when they need to enable users to operate without an internet connection.

Step 6: Testing the App

Stability, usability, and security are improved with extensive quality assurance (QA) testing done throughout the mobile app development process. It would help if you first created test cases that covered all areas of app testing to guarantee thorough QA testing of your app.

Test cases drive mobile app testing in the same way that use cases drive mobile app development. In software testing, test cases guide the execution of tests, document the testing results, and monitor the outcomes of subsequent retesting. Getting your QA team involved in the analysis and design phases is an excellent practice. An understanding of the functional requirements and goals of your app will aid in creating realistic test scenarios.

Your app should go through the following testing procedures to provide high-quality and reliable solutions.

User Experience Testing

The final implementation must reflect the app design team’s user experience for mobile app testing to be successful. Your app’s visuals, process, and interaction will all impact how your customers perceive it when they download it for the first time. The fonts, style treatments, and color schemes in your app should all be the same, as should the padding between data and the icon design and navigation. If your application follows the original design principles, users will be more likely to adopt it.

Functional Testing

The success of your mobile app is directly related to the precision with which it performs its functions. Many users should test your app’s functioning to cover as many different testing circumstances as possible. And this is because it’s impossible to anticipate every end user’s behavior and use scenarios in advance. One way to discover problems is to have two people test the identical functionality and report back with their findings that are drastically different. Both users may, for example, complete the same form but input different data, which leads to the discovery of a flaw.

Performance Testing

The performance of your app may be evaluated quantitatively using a wide range of parameters:

  • In what ways does your app meet or exceed the expectations of its users?
  • What is the speed of the app’s screen load?
  • How much does your app use battery and memory?
  • Is your app making effective use of the available network bandwidth?
  • Is your app using up more space than it should?

Use a load simulator to simulate the maximum number of concurrent users once your app meets the fundamental performance requirements. Your app must be able to withstand high use and still function properly.

Testing for Security Vulnerabilities

Mobile business applications are very concerned about security. A hacker may exploit any weakness to get access to your personal information. Many businesses contract with third-party security testing firms to ensure the security of their applications. A few easy steps taken by your QA and development teams may help protect your application.

Testing of Devices and Platforms

Every 12 months, new mobile devices with updated hardware, software, and designs hit the market. There are frequent updates to mobile operating systems. Many mobile device makers utilize Android as a base, but they modify it to work with their own devices (since Android is open source). The devices come in various forms and sizes.

New Mobile Application Testing
Comprehensive Testing Is Essential to Detect Performance Issues and Security Vulnerabilities

Step 7: Deployment & Support

App marketplaces such as the Apple App Store and Google Play accept native mobile applications only if submitted for review. Before launching your mobile app, you’ll need an Apple Developer Account or a Google Play Store Account.

The publication of an app in the app store necessitates the preparation of metadata, which includes the following:

  • The title of your app
  • Description
  • Category
  • Keywords
  • The Launch Icon
  • Screenshots taken from the Apple App Store

The review process for iOS applications begins after they are submitted to the Apple App Store and may take anywhere from a few days to several weeks, depending on the quality of your app and how closely you adhere to Apple’s iOS development standards. Apple needs a test user account as part of the release process if your application requires users to log in.

When you submit an Android app to the Google Play Store, it can take up to 3-7 days for approval. 

Once your app is out in the app stores, use mobile analytics tools to keep tabs on users and measure Key Performance Indicators (KPIs) to determine how successful it has been. Always keep an eye out for crash reports and other problems that users have brought to your attention.

Launching the New Mobile App
A Robust Launching Approach Is Also One of the Critical Steps of the App Development Process

Conclusion

After the first launch, app development will continue as you incorporate input from users and add new features. Treinetic is an award-winning mobile app development company. Over the years, we’ve worked with a wide range of businesses to build mobile apps.

We go through the same comprehensive mobile app development process to ensure consistency across all of our mobile applications. If you follow this enterprise mobile app development process, your app will have a successful launch. What questions do you have now that you’ve learned about the mobile app development process?

Please get in touch with us if you have any thoughts or suggestions. And reach us if you’d like to talk about your app development plans.

Time and Material vs Fixed Price Contracts Treinetic pvt ltd

Time and Material vs. Fixed Price: Which to Choose for Your Project?

Today’s article will discuss the advantages and disadvantages of time and material vs. fixed-price contracts, as well as their practical use in software development. Why? Because early outsourcing agreements were typically based on a fixed price model, another prevalent business model, time-and-materials, is also widely utilized. Choosing the best price contract may be a difficult task. And this is because it should be compatible with your company’s operational procedures, contractual needs, goals, etc.

Fixed-priced and time and materials are the most popular and time-tested software development pricing methods. It’s worth mentioning, though, that today’s businesses use hybrids and combinations of their own. Because software development isn’t cheap, budget is one of the most important considerations. Startups and small businesses who wish to invest in an app are searching for ways to save money wherever they can. Therefore, let’s see what we can find out. Which is better for your project: time and material vs. fixed price?

Time &  Material vs. Fixed-Price Compared
You Must compare Time and Material vs. Fixed-Price Contracts First

Time and Material VS. Fixed Price – the Differences

We must first define the features before we can compare time and material vs. fixed price contracts.

Time and Material contract (T&M)

This is the best approach to calculate how much time and resources the project will take. It’s especially useful when we can’t foresee whether or not the project will change over time or when we think it will.

When establishing an hourly cost for software development services, the Time and Materials contract analyzes several variables. And this may include things like each project participant’s compensation or the time and money spent on face-to-face meetings. It’s important to note that this contract covers project management, communication with the development team, and other tasks related to the product’s development and implementation.

When should you utilize the T&M pricing contract?

  • Projects with a long timeline and changing needs
  • The project’s scope is yet unknown.
  • You want the freedom to change the scope or the workloads.

Fixed Price contract

As the name suggests, a fixed-price contract is an agreement in which the cost is unaffected by the usage of resources or the amount of time spent on the project. The client has to pay one fee to get the product. It’s a straightforward setup that reduces paperwork and negotiating time. Therefore, the fixed-price contract is the inverse of the T&M contract.

Based on their previous experience with comparable projects, the vendor sets the pricing. This may be a trap since each product is unique, making it difficult to estimate the precise amount of time and resources required. However, if the app, website, or other software has comparable characteristics to the developers’ previous work, they can typically offer a reasonable amount of money for the customer to pay.

When should you utilize a fixed-price contract:

  • Specific criteria and deadlines
  • Budget constraints or a restricted budget
  • MVPs
  • Small projects with a restricted scope of work

As can be seen, these two kinds of contracts are opposed. Time and material vs. fixed price contracts provide varying degrees of flexibility and are appropriate for a variety of needs. Now we can take a deeper look at who may profit from each pricing plan, as well as its advantages and disadvantages.

The Benefits and Drawbacks of a Time and Material Contract

This is Treinetic’s recommended pricing strategy. We welcome it since it addresses the client’s requirements as well as the budget. T&M provides you with a specialized team of experts that may be tailored to your specific needs. There is no issue with altering the course of your project and requires a new skill set or more programmers for whatever reason.

Pro: Better control over the project

The time and materials pricing approach is popular in Agile development because it allows the client to participate. This typically includes sprints, iterations, and frequent meetings to discuss progress and future actions.

Pro: Extreme adaptability to changing needs

The Time and Materials model allows for modifications and adjustments to the production process. If the client has a budget, adding, eliminating, and enhancing each feature to get the intended impact is not an issue.

Pro: A quicker project start and a more dynamic decision-making process

The project’s early launch will help a large number of entrepreneurs. They should also make choices while the development process is still in progress. This allows them to adapt to the requirements and pains of their target audience, which may change at any time.

Con: Uncertainty for the timeline

As this kind of contract is extremely flexible, disadvantages and problems may arise. The deadline may become a distant date in the indefinite future if we lose control of the project.

Cons: Less budgetary control

Work that is not constrained by a strict plan and timetable, as with a Fixed Price contract, implies that we may wind up paying considerably more than we intended. A solution to this problem would be to apply common sense and only request additional features to help our company. When calculating expenses, keep in mind that developers in different regions charge varying rates, as Statista demonstrates.

Con: The need to be much more involved

Time and Materials may not be ideal if the clients do not want to be a part of the team. It necessitates their presence and, in many cases, active involvement.

Time & Material Contract - Pros and Cons
Pros and Cons of Time and Material Contract

The Pros and Cons of a Fixed-Price Contract

Pro: Being certain about the cost

This price arrangement provides both parties with consistency, which may be advantageous for startups or small businesses with a flexible budget. They pay the agreed-upon amount and don’t have to worry about anything else. That may be risky for the software development company, but they receive some pay upfront, so it’s a win-win situation. However, if anything changes while they’re working on a project and need additional money, they won’t obtain it unless their client is willing to negotiate.

Pro: Established deadlines

Fixed-price contracts require careful preparation; every element must be taken into account when estimating prices. This method makes predicting how much work the project will take and when completed much simpler. This is critical for all clients who care about time-to-market.

Pro: No need to control the process

Clients who do not wish to be overly engaged in the work process may benefit from a Fixed Price contract. The first planning step provides a clear path for the development team to follow. The client does not need to have as much control over what is going on and may concentrate on other business operations.

Con: Longer preparations

According to GoodFirms, the average time to produce bespoke software is 4.5 months. However, as previously said, much preparation is needed to determine the most accurate pricing for the developed software. But when it comes to short deadlines, this may be a disadvantage. Even so, we may not be able to prevent certain communication misunderstandings while the project is continuing.

Con: Higher cost of the project

Because there will be no budget adjustments throughout the project, the software development firm must anticipate all possibilities and be prepared. To minimize risks, the price under the Fixed Price model should contain a reserve.

Con: Worse response to changing conditions

If the market scenario unexpectedly changes, the only option for modifications is within the budget, which may be limited given the previously stated strategy. Furthermore, if the client has an idea that would be far more useful to the company, it may be impossible to implement it under a Fixed Price contract.

Fixed-Price Contract Pros ans Cons
Pros and Cons of Fixed-Priced Contract

Which Should I Choose: Fixed Price or Time and Material?

Both kinds of collaboration models have upsides and downsides. Therefore, they are best suited to certain projects. A Fixed-Price contract is a suitable choice if you have a small project with clear instructions or are certain that no modifications will be required. You will be aware of the project’s cost in advance, and your product will be produced on time. However, it would be best if you were prepared for unforeseen problems or mistakes that may cause you to miss the deadline, incur extra expenses, or leave you with an incomplete project.

A Time and Material contract might be a preferable option for bigger or longer-term projects. It provides product development freedom and control while also assisting you in staying under budget. However, since there is no exact end price or deadline date, you must keep track of the expenses and the project’s progress. T&M also requires regular communication between your team and the developers, so you’ll be spending a lot of time in meetings. Please get in touch with us if you are having difficulty selecting the appropriate model for your project. We can help you.

How To Make An App Requirement Document – 1@2x

Tips to Write a Mobile App Product Requirements Document

From concept to full-scale development, the detailed vision is critical to making the app the next great success. The app development will be outsourced, or the stakeholders will fundraise. But it isn’t easy to communicate the unique app concept to the development firm without a written product requirements document (PRD). 

It should be no surprise that you can get the developers to build the app or persuade the stakeholders to invest with a verbal description of the idea. Nevertheless, the final result will never be the same as you imagined. Finally, time, money, and effort will be squandered since little information is given during the app concept description. 

Clear, concise, and accurate app concept documentation may help prevent such misunderstandings and outcomes. In addition, you may be aware of the importance of creating a one-of-a-kind app in today’s world. That’s because, according to app use statistics from Web Builder Org, there were more than 250 million daily app downloads between 2019 and 2020. As such, there is both high demand and a high level of competitiveness.

App Development Revenue 2014-2023
App Development Revenue Is on the Rise Since 2014

What Exactly is a Product Requirement Document?

The product requirement documentation is a critical component of the app development process. And that’s because it specifies the features, functions, and requirements for each development phase. It’s a set of guidelines for developers and designers to follow to execute things consistently. The comprehensive picture of the eventual product assists in determining the time, money, and resources required. Also, it’s important to establish effective communication throughout the project and to avoid possible risks.

Documentation is a continuous process that iterates as the project progresses rather than a one-time action. It’s a great method to demonstrate a solution to any issue while never causing the team to make erroneous assumptions.

Why Should You Create a Product Requirement Document?

You’ll need a team of developers to convert your concept into a shippable mobile app. Finding the right team isn’t the difficult part. The difficult aspect is presenting your mobile app idea to developers so that they see it in the same way you do. Furthermore, according to Boehm’s study, rework may cost between 40% and 50% of the overall cost of all software development. And requirements mistakes account for a large portion of rework. A PRD can avoid such mistakes to a greater extent. 

Producing a mobile application product requirements document enables you to ease communication with other stakeholders. Don’t be afraid to spend time in product requirements engineering since the potential return is obvious.

Other reasons to write a PRD are as follows:

  • Increase your own self-assurance.
  • Check that the finished app satisfies your quality standards.
  • Limit scope creeps.
  • Spend less money.
  • Make your thoughts known to developers.
  • Rapid development and delivery are available.

What are the Product Requirement Document’s Key Points?

Goals and objectives

The product you want to build, the issue it will address, the fundamental features that will solve significant difficulties, and the individual who will gain the most from the product, in general, are all described in this part. It is just a concise and high-level explanation of the application’s concept that provides the development team with a thorough knowledge of the product.

Product Requirement Document - Determining Objectives
Goals and Objectives Determine What Features the App Must Have

Personas for Users

The developers may design the product through the eyes of the intended consumers. And this reduces the chance of the app rejected by the target user base. It is beneficial to explain the target audience and how the mobile application will meet their requirements.

Functional requirements

Every product requirement document’s core contains a list of all the features included in the product. The comprehensive description contains a map of all the functions distributed over several screens. It also has a priority system that keeps developers and businesses on the same page. It’s also essential to describe the initial set of features and the features that need introducing soon. And this is because it enables product scalability and the replacement of the specified features is a breeze.

User stories

User stories are high-level interactions between end-users and the product that should be depicted to provide developers with an understanding of the technical requirements and help them build a compelling business case. Can you see how? User stories provide mobile app developers with a description of a feature from the viewpoint of the end-user. Therefore, this aids in the creation of the finest content architecture and design. Excellent interface design and user experience may be created.

Sitemap

This document component illustrates a complete list of all the screens that will include different functions. Also, it illustrates the screen flow that will facilitate navigation. The sitemap assists in properly mapping all of the screens. And this is necessary to ensure that the hierarchy between related pages never makes the connection between mobile app screens unclear. Finding superfluous components and user problems becomes a breeze when developing the product’s systematic structure.

Technical specifications

The developers will better understand the technical knowledge needed by the project thanks to the clear description of the technology and technical elements underlying the product being produced and its capabilities. When describing the technical specs of the product, try to be as concise as possible. However, if you are uncertain about complicated technological issues, developers can assist you. So be open to developers’ ideas and criticism.

Wireframes

Another approach to graphically define the app’s product needs is to create wireframes. The wireframes are an additional tool that informs developers on:

1) How will the screens be linked?

2) What and how will features go in?

3) The app’s behavior when a new screen is accessed and its effect on the user experience.

It provides a clear picture of the app’s UI, allowing for wireframes by hand.

Product Requirement Document - Blueprint Wireframes
Wireframes Provide a Clear Picture of the App’s UI

Maintain presumptions

All of the expectations for the product’s success need establishing under the assumptions. They are defined in terms of the market niche’s knowledge, expertise, and experience and the target users’ knowledge, expertise, and experience. Presumptions primarily comprise assumptions about users, business, and technological resources.

Provide constraints

Trends change quickly. Therefore, it may be detrimental to the app if you fail to release an app with critical functionality in the market at the appropriate time. You must guarantee that the app does not miss a major hit. Thus, it’s necessary to establish time, resource, and budget limitations to ensure that the app is developed within the scope and budget specified within the given timeframe. Furthermore, the quality criteria and risk considerations may help the development team deal with problems appropriately.

Considerations for Your Product Requirements Document

You must keep some critical factors in mind while creating your product requirements document. To begin, it is critical to draw on the diverse experiences and perspectives of different team members. Collecting this information will aid in the development of detailed definitions for the various parts of the PRD template.

Second, when you fill out the PRD form, make your answers and definitions for each defined area as high-level as possible. While particular criteria may seem apparent to you, others reading the paper may have a completely different viewpoint. By removing industry-specific terminology, the paper will be easier to comprehend for everyone. As the product develops and needs change, it is critical to ensure that everyone understands what you convey.

Treinetic Can Help You to Make Your App Concept a Reality 

Creating a mobile app requirements document’s ultimate aim is to provide the groundwork for a successful product. Make sure you map out every business and technical need. Also, explain all dependencies, restrictions, and assumptions to give your team the firepower it needs to get your project off the ground. Even with the most comprehensive product requirements document, questions are likely to arise throughout development.

It is critical to constantly concentrate on providing better value to the marketplace while defining the product. It’s easy to get sidetracked by rivals, agitated consumers, and architectural problems. While you must understand those requirements, try to keep the value in mind while developing a fantastic product. Don’t be concerned if these theories seem to be too complex for you. We can help you with all critical steps as an award-winning software engineering firm.